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DECLARATION OF POLICY

Sec. 2. In enacting this legislation, it is the intent of Intent of

Congress. Congress to provide a comprehensive program for the future security of the United States; to provide for the establishment of integrated policies and procedures for the departments, agencies, and functions of the Government relating to the national security; to provide three military departments, separately administered, for the operation and administration of the Army, the Navy (including naval aviation and the United States Marine Corps), and the Air Force, with their assigned combat and service components; to provide for their authoritative coordination and unified direction under civilian control of the Secretary of Defense but not to merge them; to provide for the effective strategic direction of the armed forces and for their operation under unified control and for their integration into an efficient team of land, naval, and air forces but not to establish a single Chief of Staff over the armed forces nor an armed forces general staff (but this is not to be interpreted as applying to the Joint Chiefs of Staff or Joint Staff).

TITLE 1–COORDINATION FOR NATIONAL

SECURITY

NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL

Sec. 101. (a) There is hereby established a council to National be known as the National Security Council (hereinafter Security in this section referred to as the Council").

Establishment. The President of the United States shall preside over President to meeting of the Council: Provided, That in his absence preside. he may designate a member of the Council to preside in his place.

The function of the Council shall be to advise the Function. President with respect to the integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies relating to the national security so as to enable the military services and the other departments and agencies of the Government to cooperate more effectively in matters involving the national security. The Council shall be composed of

Composition. (1) the President; (2) the Vice President; (3) the Secretary of State; (4) the Secretary of Defense;

(5) the Director for Mutual Security; 1 Amended by section 2, Public Law 216, 81st Congress, August 10, 1949 (63 Stat. 578).

1

Duties.

(6) the Chairman of the National Security Re

sources Board ; and (7) the Secretaries and Under Secretaries of other executive departments and of the military departments, the Chairman of the Munitions Board, and the Chairman of the Research and Development Board, when appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to serve

at his pleasure. (b) In addition to performing such other functions as the President may direct, for the purpose of more effectively coordinating the policies and functions of the departments and agencies of the Government relating to the national security, it shall, subject to the direction of the President, be the duty of the Council

(1) to assess and appraise the objectives, commitments, and risks of the United States in relation to our actual and potential military power, in the interest of national security, for the purpose of making recommendations to the President in connection therewith; and

(2) To consider policies on matters of common interest to the departments and agencies of the Government concerned with the national security, and to make recommendations to the President in con

nection therewith. (c) The Council shall have a staff to be headed by a civilian executive secretary who shall be appointed by the President, and who shall receive compensation at the rate of $10,000 2 a year. The executive secretary, subject to the direction of the Council, is hereby authorized, subject to the civil-service laws and the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, to appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may be necessary to perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Council in connection with the performance of its functions.

(d) The Council shall, from time to time, make such recommendations, and such other reports to the President as it deems appropriate or as the President may require.

Staff and
Executive
Secretary.

Recommendations and Reports.

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

Central Intel- SEC. 102. (a) There is hereby established under the ligence Agency: National Security Council a Central Intelligence Agency Director.

with a Director of Central Intelligence, who shall be the head thereof. The Director shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among the commissioned officers of the armed services or from among individuals in civilian

2 Subsection (a) amended by section 3, Public Law 216, August 10, 1949 (63 Stat. 578), as amended by section 501 (e), Public Law 165, 82d Congress, October 10, 1951 ; subsection (c) supplemented by section 2 (a) Public Law 359, 81st Congress, October 15, 1949 (63 Stat. 880), under which authority the President fixed the salary of the Executive Secretary at $15,000 per annum ; subsections (b) and (d) from section 101, Public Law 253, July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 495).

is commis

life. The Director shall receive compensation at the rate of $14,000* a year.

(b) (1) If a commissioned officer of the armed services When Director is appointed as Director then

sioned officer. (A) in the performance of his duties as Director, he shall be subject to no supervision, control, restriction, or prohibition (military or otherwise) other than would be operative with respect to him if he were a civilian in no way connected with the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Air Force, or the armed services or any component thereof; and

(B) he shall not possess or exercise any supervision, control, powers, or functions (other than such as he possesses, or is authorized or directed to exercise, as Director) with respect to the armed services or any component thereof, the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, or the Department of the Air Force, or any branch, bureau, unit or division thereof, or with respect to any of the personnel (military or civilian) of any of the fore

going (2) Except as provided in paragraph (1), the appointment to the office of Director of a commissioned officer of the armed services, and his acceptance of and service in such office, shall in no way affect any status, office, rank, or grade he may occupy or hold in the armed services, or any emolument, perquisite, right, privilege, or benefit incident to or arising out of any such status, office, rank, or grade. Any such commissioned officer shall, while serving in the office of Director, receive the military pay and allowances (active or retired, as the case may be) payable to a commissioned officer of his grade and length of service and shall be paid, from any funds available to defray the expenses of the Agency, annual compensation at a rate equal to the amount by which $14,000* exceeds the amount of his annual military pay and allowances. (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 6 of Termination of

employment. the Act of August 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 555), or the provisions of any other law, the Director of Central Intelligence may, in his discretion, terminate the employment of any officer or employee of the Agency whenever he shall deem such termination necessary or advisable in the interests of the United States, but such termination shall not affect the right of such officer or employee to seek or accept employment in any other department or agency of the Government if declared eligible for such employment by the United States Civil Service Commission.

(d) For the purpose of coordinating the intelligence Duties. activities of the several Government departments and agencies in the interest of national security, it shall be the

*Basic compensation increased to $16,000 per annum ; see footnote 3, p. 5, post.

duty of the Agency, under the direction of the National Security Council

(1) to advise the National Security Council in matters concerning such intelligence activities of the Government departments and agencies as relate to national security;

(2) to make recommendations to the National Security Council for the coordination of such intelligence activities of the departments and agencies of the Government as relate to the national security;

(3) to correlate and evaluate intelligence relating to the national security, and provide for the appropriate dissemination of such intelligence within the Government using where appropriate, existing agencies and facilities: Provided, That the Agency shall have no police, subpena, law-enforcement powers, or internal-security functions: Provided further, That the departments and other agencies of the Government shall continue to collect, evaluate, correlate, and disseminate departmental intelligence: And provided further, That the Director of Central Intelligence shall be responsible for protecting intelligence sources and methods from unauthorized disclosure;

(4) To perform, for the benefit of the existing intelligence agencies, such additional services of common concern as the National Security Council determines can be more efficiently accomplished centrally;

(5) to perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence affecting the national security as the National Security Council may from time to

time direct. Intelligence of

(e) To the extent recommended by the National Secuments and rity Council and approved by the President, such intelliAgencies of

gence of the departments and agencies of the Government, except as hereinafter provided, relating to the national security shall be open to the inspection of the Director of Central Intelligence, and such intelligence as relates to the national security and is possessed by such departments and other agencies of the Government, except as hereinafter provided, shall be made available to the Director of Central Intelligence for correlation, evaluation, and dissemination: Provided, however, That upon the written request of the Director of Central Intelligence, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall make available to the Director of Central Intelligence such information for correlation, evaluation, and dissemination as may be essential to the national security.

(f) Effective when the Director first appointed under

subsection (a) has taken officeNational Intel

(1) the National Intelligence Authority (11 Fed. ligence Authority, Termi- Reg. 1337, 1339, February 5, 1946) shall cease to

exist; and

other Depart

Government.

nation of.

(2) The personnel, property, and records of the Central Intelligence Group are transferred to the Central IntelCentral Intelligence Agency, and such Group shall Transfer of. cease to exist. Any unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, or other funds available or authorized to be made available for such Group shall be available and shall be authorized to be made available in like manner for expenditure by the Agency.3

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of.

NATIONAL SECURITY RESOURCES BOARD Sec. 103. (a) There is hereby established a National National Security Resources Board (hereinafter in this section sources Board. referred to as the "Board”) to be composed of the Chair- Establishment. man of the Board and such heads or representatives of the various executive departments and independent agencies as may from time to time be designated by the President to be members of the Board. The Chairman of the Chairman, ApBoard shall be appointed from civilian life by the Presi- pointenesat and dent, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall receive compensation at the rate of $14,000* a year.

(b) The Chairman of the Board, subject to the direction of the President, is authorized, subject to the civilservice laws and the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, to appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may be necessary to assist the Board in carrying out its functions.

(c) It shall be the function of the Board to advise the Functions. President concerning the coordination of military, industrial, and civilian mobilization, including

(1) policies concerning industrial and civilian mobilization in order to assure the most effective mobilization and maximum utilization of the Nation's manpower in the event of war;

3 Subsections (a) and (b) supplemented by section 4, Public Law 359, 81st Congress, October 15, 1949 (63 Stat. 880), which increased basic compensation to $16,000 per annum ; subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) from section 102, Public Law 253, 80th Congress, July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 495).

4 The National Security Resources Board was located within the Executive Office of the President by Reorganization Plan 4 of 1949, effective August 20, 1949.

6 REORGANIZATION PLAN No. 25 OF 1950, EFFECTIVE JULY 9, 1950 Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives

in Congress assembled, May 9, 1950, pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949, approved June 20, 1949 (64 Stat. 1280)

NATIONAL SECURITY RESOURCES BOARD

SECTION 1. Functions of Chairman and of Board.—The functions of the National Security Resources Board are hereby transferred to the Chairman of the National Security Resources Board, and the Board shall hereafter advise and consult with the Chairman with respect to such matters within his jurisdiction as he may request.

SEC. 2. Vice Chairman.-There is hereby established the office of Vice Chairman of the National Security Resources Board. Such Vice Chairman shall (1) be an additional member of the National Security Resources Board, (2) be appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, (3) receive compensation at the rate of $16,000 per annum, and (4) perform such of the duties of the Chairman as the Chairman shall designate.

SEC. 3. Performance of functions of Chairman.—The Chairman may from time to time make such provisions as he shall deem appropriate authorizing the performance by any other officer, or by any agency or employee, of the National Security Resources Board of any function of the Chairman.

6 Membership designated by Executive Order 9905 as amended by Executive Order 9931. *Basic compensation increased to $17,500 per annum ; see footnote 7, p. 6, post.

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