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From guiltless joys, that blefs'd our native foil,
Dragg'd to a life of mifery and toil;
Would you yet take the little God has giv'n,
And intercept the gracious dews of Heav'n!
Your rage for blood, wild as your thirst of gain,
Shall no refpects, not truths divine, restrain!
The eternal fabric can a name undo?
Is rape and murder fanctified in you?
And us, what laws, as impious as fevere,
Forbid the common rights of man to fhare?
Didst thou, creative Power! thy views confine?
For one proud race the fpacious earth defign?
For them alone does plenty deck the vale,
Blush in the fruit, and tinge the fcented gale?
For them the seasons all their fweets unfold?
Blooms the fresh rofe, and shines the waving gold?
O no, all bounteous is thy equal hand,
And thy fix'd laws irrevocable stand!
Haplefs Zamboia! had it been thy fate
With me to share my more propitious state;
Thy foul had breath'd no impious wifh to die,
Nor the big tear had trembled in thine eye.
Disjoin'd from thee, I too to flavery went;
But Heaven a father, not a master, lent.-
He feems, as Virtue's felf in mortal guife,
Tho' wealthy, fimple, and tho' modett, wife.
Bleft be the hand that life and freedom gave!
That pow'r can boaft, exerted but to fave!
Bleft the fage tongue, that ftor'd the vacant mind!
The manners foften'd, and the heart refin'd!
That still to Heaven's unerring dictates true,
Eternal truth unfolded to our view!
But come! thy faint and weary limbs repofe,
Forgetful of thy fears, thy griefs compofe;
By morning's dawn with earneft foot I speed,
Nor fleep these eyes till I behold thee freed.
Some wealth I have, and did I prize it more,
Well fpared for this I deem the facred store.

So talk'd thefe friends, and to the cottage hafte ;
While fad Zamboia his purfuers trae'd;
The ruffian band arreft the hapless fwain,
And pray'rs and tears and promifes are vain;
Their vengeful fervour, no-not gifts abate;
But bound in chains, they drag him to his fate *.

A higher reward is generally offered for the bead of a fugitive Negro, than for

bringing him alive.




[An original Communication.]

Sero refpicitur tellus, ubi, fune foluto,
Currit in immensum panda carina falum.

DIEU, ye facred walls, ye lofty tow'rs,
Imperial Learning's venerable feats!
Reluctant now I quit your peaceful bow'rs,
Your happy manfions, and your lov'd retreats.
Here keen-ey'd Science plumes her daring wing;
Vent'rous fhe here eflays her noblest flights:
Here, in each claffic grove, the Mules fing,

And fill the mind with innocent delights.
Grateful I venerate thofe honour'd names,

Who patronis'd fair Learning's infant caufe; Who nobly dar'd to vindicate her claims

To just regard, diftinétion, and applaufe.
'Midst the illustrious groupe an Alfred fhines;

Alfred the juft, the virtuous, and the great;
Who mingled with the wreath that conqueft twines,
The cares of fcience, and the toils of state.
Tho' in these feats dim Superftition reign'd,

Clouding each mind, unnerving ev'ry heart;
Tho' monkifh fraud its empire here maintain'd;
And wily pricfts here play'd th' impoftor's part:
Tho' here dull fchoolmen vain debate purfu'd,

And the free mind in abject fetters bound; Tho' with thin fophiftry, and jargon rude,

All common fenfe they labour'd to confound: Yet now the scene in diff'rent guise appears; All former traces, like a dream, are fled; Religion now a lib'ral afpect wears;

Now genuine Science lifts her tow'ring head.
Devious how oft in tranquil mood I've tray'd,

Where Cherwell's placid ftream irriguous flows;
Where Ifis, wand'ring thro' the dewy mead,
On the gay plains fertility bestows.

Oft have I view'd, immers'd in foothing thought,
Uprear'd by ancient hands the maffy pile;
The Gothic turret high, the Saxon vault,
The painted window, and the lengthen'd aile.

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Achaian models too I've frequent trac'd,

Where genius blazes in the grand defign; The structure with Corinthian columns grac❜d, Where Attic taste and harmony combine.

Where the high roof attracts the ftudious eye,

The roof with Bodley's rev'rend name infcrib'd;
Where num'rous tomes in claffic order lie,

And plenteus ftores of knowledge are imbib'd:
How oft, well pleas'd, I've turned the varied page,
My mind detach'd from ev'ry futile joy,
From giddy vanities that life engage,

Follies that vex, and forrows that annoy.
Forgot each bufy care of active life,

Forgot the turmoils of the public fcene, Forgot all envy, pride, and jealous ftrife,

The starts of paffion, and the fits of spleen! Adieu, ye groves, where erst I wont to roam, Where health attends the clear falubrious air; Retirement left, I seek a diff'rent home,

And to the gay metropolis repair.





Of the Year 1785.

'N our account of the Theolo- been fo frequently difcuffed by po

of year

1784, we omitted taking notice of pect any thing new on it from the a work in two volumes, octavo, en- pen, of Dr. Randolph; or that it titled, "A View of our bleffed Sa-fhould add much to the reputation viour's Ministry, and the Proofs of of his critical abilities. his divine Miffion arifing from thence. Together with a Charge, Differtations, Sermons, and Theological Lectures. By the late Thomas Randolph, D. D. Archdeacon of Oxford, Prefident of Corpus Chrifti College, and Margaret Pro. feffor of Divinity in the Univerfity of Oxford." The estimation in which Dr. Randolph was held as a theological difputant is well known. We have had occafion, in fpeaking of the domeftic literature of a former year, to pay our tribute of refpect to the accuracy and diligence which have marked his critical labours. Several of the pieces in the prefent volumes have been published before. The principal part of the first volume is taken up by a view of our bleffed Saviour's miniftry, and the proofs of his divine million arifing from thence. The other new pieces confift of two ingenious differtations on different Pfalms, and Prælectiones Theologica. In the latter, our author engages in the controverfy relating to the divinity of Chrift, and difcovers the fame attachment, as on former occafions, to the creed which is commonly deemed orthodox. This fubject, however, hath

The catalogue of the prefent year's productions prefents to us, as deferving of peculiar attention, “A Collection of Theological. Tracts, in fix volumes, octavo, by Dr. Watfon, bifhop of Landaff, and Regius Profeffor of Divinity__in the university of Cambridge." The excellent prelate, who is the editor of this very ufeful publication, is well known and admired for his li berality and manlinefs of fentiment, as well as for his difinterestedness and integrity. We are both charmed and edified by the elegance and energy with which he pleads the caufe of piety and benevolence, in the preface to thefe volumes. This preface confifts of very candid and fenfible reflections on the present ftate of Chriftianity, and the proper methods for its improvement; together with excellent reafons for that moderation, to which the fpirit of the times is fo favourable. We cannot give a better idea of his lordship's defign in forming this felection than his own words will convey. "In publishing this Collection of Theological Tracts, fays he, I have had no other end in view but to afford young perfons of

every denomination, and efpecially to afford the ftudents in the univerfities, and the younger clergy, an eafy opportunity of becoming better acquainted with the grounds and principles of the Chriitian religion than, there is reafon to apprehend, many of them at prefent are. "I do not confider the tracts which are here publifhed as fufficient to make what is called a deep divine, but they will go a great way towards making, what is of more worth, a well-informed Christian." Many of these tracts were become exceedingly fearce, and in danger of finking into oblivion. Others of them are extracted from the larger and expenfive works of fome of our most valuable writers. And when the reader incets with the venerable names of Locke, of Addifon, of Clarke, of Taylor, of Lardner, of Chandler, and of Secker, as contributors to this compilation, he will be thankful to the editor for calling into the field the united powers of thefe champions of our holy faith; and for fupplying the rational advocates for truth, on eafy terms, with fuch weighty and fatisfactory evidence. The preface to thefe volumes is followed by a lift of questions which have been debated in the divinity fchools at Cambridge, within the last thirty years; and by another lift of fuch difputations as were held there, a little more than a century ago, under the doctors Davenant and Tuckney. A comparifon of thefe lifts will afford the reader a pleafing view of the progrefs in liberality, which hath been made in our public feminaries of learning; and of the gradual victory which good fenfe hath obtained over the jargon of the fchools. This work concludes with an ufe ful catalogue of fome of the best


books in divinity, which can be recommended to a student.

Mr. Toulmin's

Differtations on the internal Evidences and Excellence of Chriftianity, and on the Character of Chrift, compared with that of fome other celebrated Founders of Religion and Philofophy," are valuabie, as well for the eafe and perfpicuity with which they are written, as for the fpirit and dexterity with which their author ufes the weapons of controverfy. He was engaged to the defence of Chriftianity, on the ground of its internal evidence, from the fuperior advantages of which this kind of proof is poffeffed; as "being attended with fewer difficulties; lying more level to common appre henfion; and not requiring learned difcuffion, and much historical information." The reflections which occur in this part of Mr. Toulmin's work, if not novel, are yet of fo important and ferious a nature, that they must ever be deferving of attention; and the arrangement of them is well adapted to pleafe, and to perfuade the unprejudiced reader. To thefe fucceed three Differtations, in which we have a comparative view of the characters of Christ and Mahomet, Socrates and Confucius. In an Appendix to this performance, the author reproves, with proper freedom, the fpirit of intolerance and illiberality, of which there are too many inftances in the Letters of the Archdeacon of St. Alban's to Dr. Priestley. The ability alfo, with which he defends his favourite opinions against the attacks of Mr. White, in his celebrated Sermons at Bampton's Lecture, will be admired by thofe of his readers who may not be poffeffed of Mr. Toul min's zeal for Unitarianiím.


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