Cornerstones of Security: Arms Control Treaties in the Nuclear Era
University of Washington Press, 1 июл. 2011 г. - Всего страниц: 1408
This anthology presents the complete text of thirty-four treaties that have effectively contained the spread of nuclear, biological, and conventional weapons during the Cold War and beyond. The treaties are placed in historical context by individual commentaries from noted authorities Thomas Graham Jr. and Damien J. LaVera, which provide unique insights on each treaty s negotiation and implementation.
During the 1990s, numerous arms control agreements were concluded under U.N. or U.S. leadership. In 1995, one hundred sixty-five nations agreed to indefinitely extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Many nations ratified important chemical and biological weapons conventions, a pact to reduce conventional forces in Europe, and agreements to limit testing of weapons of mass destruction. More recent treaties seeking to restrain small arms trafficking and ban land mines are also highlighted and analyzed.
Graham concludes with lessons learned from the collective negotiation and verification history of these treaties, ongoing efforts to limit weaponry, and general observations on the status and effectiveness of these agreements. There is no comparable resource available for diplomats, international lawyers, and arms control specialists.
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Agreement between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the European Atomic Energy Community and ...
The Cuban missile crisis of October 1962 underscored the importance of prompt, direct communication between heads of states. In June 1963, the United States and the Soviet Union signed a bilateral agreement establishing a direct ...
Despite strong disagreement on the issue of collective defense arrangements, it was apparent that both sides recognized the desirability of an agreement on non-proliferation. Moreover, pressure from non-nuclear powers was increasingly ...
There was a general agreement that the treaty should include a provision designed to detect and deter the ... To meet this concern, the final draft provided that the non-nuclear parties could negotiate safeguard agreements with the IAEA ...
The Agreement should contain, in accordance with Article III.l of the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, an undertaking by the State to accept safeguards, in accordance with the terms of the Agreement, on all source or ...
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17 The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
18 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
19 Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers
20 The Ballistic Missile Launch Notification Agreement
21 The IntermediateRange Nuclear Forces Treaty
22 The Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty
23 The Open Skies Treaty
24 The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties START I II
9 The Seabed Arms Control Treaty
10 The Accidents Measures Agreement
11 The Biological Weapons Convention
12 The Incidents at Sea Agreement
13 The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
14 The Threshold Test Ban Treaty
15 The Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty
16 The Environmental Modification Convention
25The Chemical Weapons Convention
26The Agreed Framework
27 Confidence and Security Measures Documents
28 The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
29 The Ottawa Convention on Landmines
30 Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions