Cornerstones of Security: Arms Control Treaties in the Nuclear Era
University of Washington Press, 1 июл. 2011 г. - Всего страниц: 1408
This anthology presents the complete text of thirty-four treaties that have effectively contained the spread of nuclear, biological, and conventional weapons during the Cold War and beyond. The treaties are placed in historical context by individual commentaries from noted authorities Thomas Graham Jr. and Damien J. LaVera, which provide unique insights on each treaty s negotiation and implementation.
During the 1990s, numerous arms control agreements were concluded under U.N. or U.S. leadership. In 1995, one hundred sixty-five nations agreed to indefinitely extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Many nations ratified important chemical and biological weapons conventions, a pact to reduce conventional forces in Europe, and agreements to limit testing of weapons of mass destruction. More recent treaties seeking to restrain small arms trafficking and ban land mines are also highlighted and analyzed.
Graham concludes with lessons learned from the collective negotiation and verification history of these treaties, ongoing efforts to limit weaponry, and general observations on the status and effectiveness of these agreements. There is no comparable resource available for diplomats, international lawyers, and arms control specialists.
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Terminals (a) Each Party shall establish a system of terminals in its territory for the exchange of messages with the ... with spares, test equipment, technical literature and operating supplies, shall be furnished by the United States ...
Article II notes that any party may propose amendments, and that, if so requested by one-third or more of the states ... France and China, have not signed the treaty, but both have signed the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), ...
Renunciation of Nuclear Explosive Devices Each Party undertakes: (a) not to manufacture or otherwise acquire, ... of Testing of Nuclear Explosive Devices Each Party undertakes: (a) to prevent in its territory the testing of any nuclear ...
Prohibition of Testing of Nuclear Explosive Devices Each Party undertakes: (a) Not to test any nuclear explosive device; (b) To prohibit in its territory the testing of any nuclear explosive device; (c) Not to assist or encourage the ...
Article 6 This Protocol is of a permanent nature and shall remain in force indefinitely, provided that each Party ... Have agreed as follows: Article 1 Each Protocol Party undertakes not to test or assist or encourage the testing of any ...
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17 The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
18 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
19 Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers
20 The Ballistic Missile Launch Notification Agreement
21 The IntermediateRange Nuclear Forces Treaty
22 The Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty
23 The Open Skies Treaty
24 The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties START I II
9 The Seabed Arms Control Treaty
10 The Accidents Measures Agreement
11 The Biological Weapons Convention
12 The Incidents at Sea Agreement
13 The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
14 The Threshold Test Ban Treaty
15 The Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty
16 The Environmental Modification Convention
25The Chemical Weapons Convention
26The Agreed Framework
27 Confidence and Security Measures Documents
28 The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
29 The Ottawa Convention on Landmines
30 Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions