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stance it signifies the whole period it is the last time,” (üpa) is interof John Baptist's ministry; in the preted by Scott and other commensecond, the time which elapsed tators to signify “the last dispensabetween the reception by the Corin- tion;" and therefore must be taken thians of the two Epistles of St. Paul to extend through the whole space written to them; and in the third of years from the time of John to the instance, the whole term of the Second Advent of our Lord.t desertion of Onesimus froin his mas- The conclusion therefore at which ter Philemon. In John xvi, 2, and I arrive is this: that as the whole 25, 26; also 1 John, ii, 18; it is period of depression and vengeance translated time. In the first instance on the Jews is the day of their visitit applies at the least to the whole ation ; so the day of Judgement is period in which the Christians were the period of their restoration and persecuted by the Jews, who blindly triumph. And again, that as the thought they were doing God service. whole Church of Christ has been In the second instance it relates to conflicting through a long night of the whole period (according to Be- trial in various ways; so 'that great za's interpretation) from the ascen- day' is to consist in bringing all her sion of Christ to the end of time; in enemies under her feet;-she shall which the Lord teaches men by his be no more oppressed, but triSpirit, and they pray to the Father umphant and glorious to the end. I in his name. And here it is to be

(To be continued.) remarked, that the phrase " the time (Upa) cometh” in verse 25, is from Having given insertion to Abdiel's the context exactly equivalent to the Letter in reply to P. R; ; we are words “ at that dayin verse 26, obliged, in justice to other Corresand applied to the very same period. pondents, to divide this. The third instance, “ Little children

* Beza on this place says Spiritus sanctus ab ascensione Christi in Apostolos effusus, summa quæque mysteria et salutis nostræ arcana, tum ipsos, tum etiam Ecclesiam per ipsos, erudiit, et ad finem usque seculorum erudiet."

+ In further corroboration of this sense of the word úpa I would observe, that the Seventy most commonly translate the Hebrew ny hy it; which is the more remarkable because Legh, in his Critica Sacra, says it answers to the Greek kalpos. Parkhurst states concerning this same word ny “That it particularly denotes the time of vengeance or punishment."

He instances Jer. xxvii, 7; Ezek. vii, 7, and xxx, 3 ; and directs us to compare Luke xxi, 24, which relates to the whole period of " the times of the Gentiles."

II ought to notice that Mr. Begg, an able writer in the Morning Watch, advocates from Daniel xii, 2, a resurrection of some of the more eminent wicked before the Millennium ; which would render it more decidedly a prolonged period of judgement in the way of vengeance. His arguments are not convincing to my own mind ; though I own I cannot refute them.



To the Editor of the Investigator. The chief—the only dissuasive

affecting to have a scriptural founSir,

dation, is to be found in page 288; In turning over a volume of a to evince the inconsistent and conquarterly publication which fell in tradictory character of which with my way, called the Christian Re- the former part of the Review, I view for 1828, I was attracted by shall first extract a previous admisan article professing to be a Review sion. of Cuninghame, on the second com- “ It will be allowed on all hands, ing of Messiah. The writer professes that from prophecy we derive some in the outset to offer a few plain of the clearest and most indispuand sober thoughts on a question table evidences of the truth of our that has much agitated the religious religion, in order to the confirmaworld; and then proceeds to make tion of our faith. This is indeed* very satisfactory admissions as to the from those predictions which have great importance of prophecy; but already been clearly fulfilled. But which lie afterwards so qualifies as unless we diligently study the to more than neutralize. He like

subject, how are we to discern wise says much upon the forbearing ' what has been fulfilled ? Unless temper and spirit with which writers

we keep the whole volume of Inon this subject should enter into the ‘spiration before us, how are we discussion; yet he soon after charges 'to perceive in what a wonderful Mr. Cuninghame with “ unfairness manner this kind of evidence inand dishonesty:" and again hie endea- creases and gathers strength from vours to toss him on the horns of a

'age to age ? Thus far indeed the dilemma, as to whetlier he will have consideration of prophecy may be imputed to him

the want of com- fitly regarded as milk for babes; mon sense and logic, or shameful dis. and thus we find the Apostle rehonesty."

presents it: 'We have also a more I am not about either to defend

sure word of prophecy; whereMr. Cuninghame, or to controvert ' unto ye do well that ye take heed, the Review; and had this writer con- as unto a light that shineth in tented himself with unqualified cen- * a dark place, until the day dawn, sure, I should not have deemed the and the day-star arise in your Article worthy of any notice : but “hearts.'” (2. Pet. i. 19.) because I deem plausible admissions Now contrast with this the folvery dangerous, when made by in- lowing:dividuals, who are not cordially dis- But it is far otherwise in reposed towards the subject whilst *spect of prophecy. The knowthey make them; therefore I think ledge I seek and desire is cerit useful to show the unsoundness of tainly not essential to my soul's those arguments, by which after all health. It is even possible that they encourage indifferent persons it may be improper and unproin their neglect.

fitable for me. It might only

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* We presume something is hiere omitted, as it iloes not appear to make sense. is correctly copied from the original. Ed.



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tend, in my peculiar case,

Reviewer most completely begs the draw me off from the plain and the question. The controversy at humble duties which belong to present existing in the Church is not, 'the station I occupy, and in which whether it be essential for us to be· God has called me to work out come prophets; but whether we 'my own salvation with fear and ought to take heed unto those who trembling, or to labour for the were prophets, and to make ourselves welfare of others. Are all apos- acquainted with their writings. It tles ? Are all prophets ? Are all is also written, 'He gave some teachers ? certainly not,

Neither apostles, and some evangelists, and is it fit that all should be. And

some pastors and teachers : are all I must accept and occupy with apostles ? are all teachers ?” sicia thankfulness and diligence the But who would conclude, because station which God has appointed all men are not to be apostles and me, however humble."

teachers, that therefore what the Herein the writer instead of view- apostles have written and our teaching prophecy as part of the sin- ers preach is not important? All cere milk of God's word, considers these gifts (prophets as well as that it may prove “improper and un- evangelists and teachers) are declarprofitable ;” an apprehension which ed to be “ for the perfecting of the an individual can no sooner enter- saints; that they may not be as tain, in regard to a question which children tossed to and fro, and carhe does not esteem important, than ried about with every wind of doche ought, consistently with his own trine.b And even with regard to the opinions, firmly to reject it from him. actual gift of prophecy itself

, St. And is it possible, that an individual Paul declared, that it was the most can seriously esteem prophecy as precious of all gifts ; and exhorted important, who, instead of receiving the Corinthians to « covet it earit as a portion of Scripture which nestly" and to desire it in preference ought to quicken him in the dis- to all others.c I shall not trespass charge of his duties, imagines that further than to subscribe myself, in his peculiar case it may

“ draw yours &c. him off from his duties, and prevent

PRESBYTER. him from working out his salvation with fear and trembling ?” Pro- It may be proper to observe, that phecy is thus spoken of as a friend; The Christian Review is no longer but actually treated as one who is published; and that the Numbers probably infected with some con- of that work, subsequent to the one tagious disease, round whom a sani- commented on by our Correspontary cordon must be established in dent, exhibited views, both in reorder to prevent intercourse.

gard to the study and students of But I must finally notice the Scrip- prophecy, far more according with ture brought forward to support the Presbyter's opinions. We nevertheunimportance of prophecy. - Are less insert the letter, lest any of our all apostles ? are all prophets ? are readers may have been stumbled by all teachers ?”. Certainly not : (con- such

such an argument as is herein tinues the Reviewer,) neither is it refuted, fit that all should be.” But here the


b Ephes. iv, 12—16.

a Compare 1 Cor. xii, 28, 29, and Ephesians iv, 11, 12.

c 1 Cor. xii, 31; and xiv, 1,



For the Investigator.

prove the miracles of our Lord and Sir,

his apostles; they prove the genuIt was with no common degree of ineness and authenticity of the interest I perused your review of the books of the New Testament; and, works of Messrs. Haldane & Carson when I am satisfied on these points, on the verbal inspiration of the Holy I then only want to know, in order Scriptures. Habitually reverencing to warrant my belief, what these acthe Bible as the Word of God, I credited men have predicted touching yet often detected with pain a latent the inspiration of the Writings claimscepticism in my mind, regarding ing to be canonical. And I think its plenary inspiration. The ordi- Messrs. Haldane and Carson have nary hypotheses put forward by laid down very strong grounds to Doddridge and others liad failed to shew, that the received authorities produce conviction. They exhibited in the New Testament allege the the throes and struggles of in- plenary inspiration both of that porgenuity; but wanted a solid basis tion of Scripture and also of the Old to rest upon. They were not proofs, Testament. but suppositions; whereas what the Will it be thought inconsistent mind craves on such an all-important with this my general impression, if subject is proof, and nothing less I point out one or two difficulties than proof. Besides, these ingenious which occurred to me in the perusal schemes, by rejecting the claim of of your review? When Mr. Carson the sacred penmen to a general remarks of history, that “no subject plenary inspiration, and substituting requires more art in the disposing several degrees and distincìions as of its matter, &c." and thence apto the credit due to various portions pears to infer, that the writers of of the Bible, plunged the reader Scripture history must have been into doubts and misgivings in the inspired, in order to enable them to reception of any doctrine accom- write with the art which their subpanied with difficulties, even when ject demanded; it seems obvious to laid down in what he professedly reply, that their writings are conconsidered the Word of God. It is

It is sidered by many as devoid of art, cheering therefore to see so well

so well and that in truth the utmost simsupported, and at the same time so plicity of narration was all that was simple and so bold a theory ad- needed. If I understand his arguvanced by the two writers above ment, he assumes, that their histories named. Contrasted with the gra- are artfully composed; and that this tuitous and baseless hypotheses of being incompatible with the illiterate others, the declaration of Mr. Hal- character of many of the writers, the dane goes straight to the under- conclusion follows, that this artful standing, when he asserts, that the arrangement must have been dewhole of our knowledge of the rived from above. But surely the inspiration of the Bible must be fact of an artful arrangement must collected from the Bible itself. The not be assumed, but proved, before general evidences of christianity the inference is warranted. I do

it is a

not consider this point very material: it impossible to attribute error or were the idea struck out of the book inadvertence to the omniscient Spirit, altogether, abundance of more im- I have taken shelter in the idea, portant reasoning would remain. that the Writers were inspired to

In another place Mr. Carson deliver that which was designed to maintains, " that any variety that is be the instruction conveyed by each • warrantable in the different re- particular relation, without regard hearsals of the same fact by an to the truth or accuracy of facts honest witness (query, by honest which did not affect the instruction witnesses) in tlie things of man, is intended. T'lius, for instance, Matequally warrantable in the different thcw and Mark, in relating the case relations of the same fact by the of Bartimeus, mention that it was Holy Spirit:” and that

when Jesus was gone out of Jericho : fanatical misconception of the na- Luke on the contrary affirms, that it ture of truth and falsehood to was as he drew near to Jericlio; and

suppose, that what is consistent that after that cure he entered and ' with veracity in the language of passed tlırough Jericho. It is perman, would be inconsistent with fectly immaterial to us, whether it in the language of God.”

the cure was before or after : the I conceive there is this very im- instruction conveyed is the same; portant distinction between the two and that was the object of the

The discrepancy of honest relation. The principle is similar witnesses in immaterial and minor in the parables. The design is to facts is excused on the score of liuman convey substantial instruction; the infirmity. Did not that apology very truth of the facts is in this exist, perfect accuracy would be re- casc immaterial ; the truth of the quired in every particular. But as doctrine alone is in question. And all room for this supposition is ex- as the truth of the facts is not recluded, when we speak of the Holy quired in the parables, so, the acSpirit; and still discrepancies in the curacy of immaterial circumstances narratives appear; are we not led to may be equally umimportant in the the conclusion, that the testimony is history. But I have not been satisthat of uninspired though faithful fied with this supposition; and yet I witnesses ?

see not how, consistently with the I have often been perplexed with notion of plenary inspiration, such the appearance of irieconcileable discrepancies as the one I have circumstances in the accounts of the alluded to can be reconciled. different Evangelists; and finding



To the Editor of the Investigator. Sir, I for one am thankful for the sometimes faltering on the brink of subject brought before the Church a precipitous steep. I now feel that by Messrs. Haldane and Carson- I am on terra firma, and that I the doctrine of the Inspiration of the walk in the broad light of the ScripScriptures. I must confess I never tures of truth. understood the subject before: I It must not however be concluded, followed blindly in the path tracked that I am in love with the whole of for us by writers of modern re- your review, nor with the entire of pute, often suspecting that I was the works which you have brought walking over ice and quagmires, and before us. I could find in my heart

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