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who are restored are redeemed to to the same Lamb of God, whose God by the blood" of this Lamb, heavenly throne they perpetually quite irrespective of their works to throng, with desire to look into the which there is no allusion. They mystery of his redeeming love to are restored to the knowledge, love
There is however a variation and worship of God, and (v. 10) in their notes of praise, while cirto his favor and to that dominion cling round this general assembly lost by the fall :-"We shall reign and church of the first born which are ON THE EARTH. Secondly, there written in heaven. They praise him fore observe that, during their beati. for those redeemed : themselves were fic vision of God, these Spirits, like never prisoners of hope like these, those in vi, 9, anticipate the adop- sent forth out of the pit by the tion, to wit, the redemption of their blood of the covenant.” They stand body;d that they may in the body in the glory of their first creation be fashioned like unto his glorious which God saw “good :” man fell body, as kings and priests unto from that estate ; and redeeming God, and reign with Christ on grace for him is the mystery which the earth. e For the earth will not rejoices the admiring hosts of those be destroyed, but purified by fire: who stood, and whose shout with it will not pass away till after the one accord proclaims the Lamb 1000 years of that reign, but be re- worthy to receive of his reconnewed.f
ciled Father for man, power, This is an anticipation which riches, wisdom, strength, honor, sufficiently contradicts persons who glory and blessing,"--even the gifts expect only spiritual blessings at forfeited by the fall, and restored in the resurrection. For those who Him in whom are hid all the treaare now in a separate and wholly sures of wisdom and knowledge, spiritual state, make the anticipa- all the riches of the glory of his tion of their future « reign on the inheritance in the saints. earth” a subject of their song vv. 13, 14. Nor they only.in the very enjoyment of the Hear it, ye deniers of the atoning presence of God and the Lamb.- sacrifice of this Lamb of God ! Why ?-because it will glorify Him even you shall be constrained in who is not till then enthroned on the anguish of unavailing remorse, earth, as "the King of kings and to ascribe with
every creature in Lord of lords ;''who is not seated till heaven, on earth, and under the then on the promised throne of earth, and in the sea and all that his father David, but is rejected are in them, blessing, honor, glory, from earthly dominion; while Satan and power unto Him that sitteth is the god and prince of this world, upon the throne, and unto the and death reigns, being the last ene
Lamb for ever and ever;" my that will be put under his feet. equal honor and worship to the Fa
But is this the theme only of ther and to the Son.—Glory be to the Church triumphant in heaven? God for his great glory! Yes, Verses 11, 12, show that the in- thou injured Saviour ! my heart renumerable company of listening joices in the certainty, that all thy angels echo back the choral anthem creation shall give thee the honor
COLUCIFER, SON OF THE MORNING.
d Rom. viii, 23. e Rev. xx, 6; Ps. xlv, 16. f See Eccles. i, 4 “the earth abideth for ever." So Ps. lxxviii, 69 ; Isa. xlix, 8 ; Lxv, 17—25 with Ps. xxxvii, 9, 11, 22, &c. ; Matt. v, 5, &c.
due unto thy name ; and my in- The description of this wondermost soul joins the “ Amen” of the ful scene closes, in respect to their four living creatures; and with the worship, with the renewed glori24 elders bows down and worships fication of the Lamb by the inthee who livest for ever and ever. communicable attribute of deity
Lastly, from these verses (viz, underived, eternal life,) offerperceive, that if
every creature ing it to Him that liveth for in heaven,” as well as elsewhere, ever and ever,”-Him who when worships the Lamb equally with “ manifested in the flesh” said, “ I Him that sitteth on the throne, am the Life :” for,
« in Him was THE BEING who is symbolized by life, and the life was the light of the Lamb cannot be a creature. men."
LUCIFER, SON OF THE MORNING.
To the Editor of the Investigator.
word is called “ Day Star” in the
same sense it is called Son of the Sir,
Morning.” Is the term “ Morning Would any of your correspon
Stars” in Job xxxviii, 7, the same dents favour me with their views on word in Hebrew ? A reply to this Isaiah, xiv; particularly the 12th would be esteemed a great favor by verse ? Who is meant by
LUCI- one who has experienced much FER?” Why is the name supposed to benefit from the perusal of various designate Satan? I can find the papers in your publication. name in no other part of Scripture I am, Sir, yours with prayer and in the margin of the Bible the for a blessing on your labors,
A. B. C.
We shall be happy if any of our correspondents will take up this subject. There is a paper on it in the last number of the Morning Watch, apparently by the Editor. It enters not however into any critical exposition of the words, but merely placing Isaiah xiv, 12 in juxta position with Rev. xxii, 16, 17 proceeds to treat upon the last apostacy : and we gather from it, that the Writer (if we understand him) conceives that Satan, embodied in the last form of Antichrist, will imitate Jesus in his character of "the bright and morning Star," affecting to usher in a millennium of light and glory.
In reply to a part of our Correspondent's queries we observe ;—that Job xxxviii, 7 is not the same as Isa. xiv, 12. The former signifies that the stars in general sang together in the morning or early : the latter apostrophizes one particular star by name, 170-99 557 Heilel Ben-Shaħar, literally, Shiner, Son of morning! The Latin compound Lucifer exactly corresponds with the Greek pwopopes in 2 Pet, i, 19, translated Day-Star; literally light-bearer, or light-bringer. The Septuagint however in this place renders 56.07 by xwo-popos, morning-bringer, a word of similar import. But it also translates several other Hebrew phrases by the same word : compare it with the Hebrew on Job iii, 9; xi, 17; Psalm cix, 4;, 1 Kings xxx, 17. however from Parkhurst, that the Syriac translates 557 as a verb, to howl ; and consequently renders the words, " Howl, Son of the Morning." Ed.
ON THE ADVENT AND KINGDOM OF CHRIST.
Our Lord's PROPHECY,
Matthew xxiv, XXV, and Luke xxi.
WHEN SHALL THESE
When the attention is at length The one is by assigning an event, as arrested by the voice of prophecy, the epocha from which a certain and the mind becomes engaged in period of time is to be reckoned; the contemplation of those events and which must elapse before that which shall hereafter happen to the which is more especially the subject Church and also to the Church's of promise shall come to pass : the enemies, that question put by the other is by a delineation of those disciples to our Lord will continually circumstances, which shall form the obtrude itself :
great characteristics of the terminaTHINGS BE?” I cannot at all sub- tion of that period, or the time scribe to the opinion, apparently when the ultimate fulfilment is entertained by some, that such a about to be accomplished. In regard question is unlawful. The indul- to the advent of Christ in humiliagence shewn by Jesus in his reply tion, the seventy weeks of Daniel c to these inquiries,—the things more- will afford an example of the former over which have been spontaneously mode of foretelling the period ; and revealed to other servants of God, the prediction of Jacob, that the -above all, the reproof cast by our sceptre should not depart from JuLord upon the great bulk of profess- dah until Shiloh should come,d may ing Israelites, because they knew serve as an instance of the latter not the signs of the times, -all these mode. In respect to the future things, I say, would lead to the glorious advent of Christ, Daniel will conclusion, that to investigate “ the again supply us with dates, and also times and seasons, is not only the Apocalypse; whilst the characlegitimate, but that believers are teristics of the last days are abunpresumed to know them,a and are dantly scattered through the Old obnoxious to the imputation of and New Testaments. hypocrisy if they do not.b Having It must be obvious, that if the therefore dwelt upon the principal signs or phenomena indicative of events connected with the glorious the last days are to make their apadvent and Kingdom of Christ, I pearance on or about the expiration now proceed, with an equal as- of the chronological period, that insurance of its scriptural propriety terpretation which shall agree with and practical utility, to submit a both modes of marking the period of few observations on the period when fulfilment, will be thereby much they may be expected.
more confirmed, than the one which There are two principal modes in is supported by either mode singly. which it has pleased the holy Spirit One of the excellencies of Mr. Cunto communicate light to the Church inghame's system of interpretation in regard to the times and seasons. (not enlarged upon in the Review of
a 1 Thess. I, 1,
h Matt, xvi, 3,
c Dan, ix, 24,
d Gen, xlix, 10.
upon the phecy."*
his work in the Investigator,) is that of Jerusalem; and is supposed to he erects his hypothesis on a series predict his second advent and the of independent propositions, by each end of the world only under the of which his opinions are supported : type or figure of his providential and which are like so many rivers, visitation on Jerusalem. From the springing from various sources and difficulty indeed of explaining all flowing through different territories, the details as referable to the deyet having their confluence at the struction of Jerusalem, a most arbisame point.
trary and unwarrantable system of I do not however intend to enter interpretation has obtained ;-the at present into the question of expositor taking upon himself, withdates ; but have chosen for my sub- out any internal evidence or notice ject a prophecy, which I have always in the prophecy, to say of one event, conceived of pre-eminent import- “ This refers to Jerusalem"-of ance : and if it does not lead me another, “ This belongs to the end directly into questions of chronology, of the world”-of a third, “ This it will at least (if it please the Fa- applies to both events." I am myther of lights to guide us by his self disposed to conclude, that the Spirit into a right apprehension of prophecy is as chronologically regall things,) help materially to cor- ular as any in the Scriptures; and roborate some expositions, based that to view it in this light is absoSacred Calendar of Pro- lutely necessary, in order to arrive
at anything like a tolerably correct As it may tend to unprejudice interpretation. the minds of some readers, and to A third source of obscurity is, I facilitate the apprehension of the believe, more immediately designed subject, I shall confine myself in this of God, not only in this, but in many essay to some preliminary observa- other Scriptures; to the intent that, tions on certain points of difficulty. whilst the humble but diligent in
1. First I must notice, in regard to quirer is led to penetrate within the the prophecy of our Lord, that great veil, the proud, the superficial, the obscurity has been thrown upon it indifferent and the worldly may not by the division of it into two chap- be able to understand. The source ters. Hereby many are wont to of it is, the indistinctness of the limit the subject to the xxivth chap- subject revealed if only one Gospel ter; whereas it will be manifest, to be looked at. those who attentively examine the And here I would throw out context, that it is continued through- an observation, which I consider out the xxvth chapter.
important in order to a right underAnother source of obscurity is the standing of the Scriptures in general, circumstance, that it is commonly and of the Gospels more especially. treated as an involved prophecy: From the third verse of the chapter that is to say, the Lord is presumed which begins this prophecy, as also to speak primarily of the destruction from other parts of the Gospels, we
* Though I am not indebted to any contemporary or preceding writer for my views on this subject, and thought them at one time to be original, it is nevertheless a great encouragement to find that it has pleased the Lord to guide others to a similar apprehension of the prophecy with that which I am about to present. I may instance Mr. Cuninghame and Mr. Begg ; (to say nothing of Mede and other previous writers ;) and I have met with ministers who have been brought to a similar view, though their opinions are not published. We may not correspond in all the details ; (whichi we certainly do not ;) but our interpretation is substantially the same.
may infer, that the disciples of our understand :) then let them which Lord were wont to come to him be in Judea flee into the mounprivately, for a fuller exposition of tains, &c." (c. 15, 16.) The those things which they had previ- special exhortation of the Lord, to ously heard touched upon in pub- take heed and understand this lic.* In Mark iv, 34, we are further point, renders it more probable that informed, that all things whatsoever further information would be elicitwhich were preached to the multi- ed concerning it, and accordingly tude were afterwards expounded to we find St. Luke gives us the exthe disciples by Jesus, when he was actly parallel passage in these words : alone with them. I am therefore of
And when ye shall see Jerusalem opinion, in regard to the prophecy compassed with armies, then know now under consideration, that Jesus, that the DESOLATION thereof is in condescension to renewed in- nigh. Then let them which be quiries, has further expounded at ' in Judea flee, &c.” (vv. 21, 22.) some subsequent period certain Now it is manifest to me from this, portions of this subject. In no that “ the abomination of desolaother way can I reconcile the tion” is the Roman power, whose arimportant variations in the
mies soon after compassed Jerucounts given of it by St. Mat- salem ; which power has proved the thew and St. Luke, than by sup- great DESOLATOR both of the posing, that when two or more dis- Jewish and Christian Church. ciples came to write or converse on 2. I shall instance as another parthe subject, their narratives would ticular the tribulation mentioned by vary, according as their minds were St. Matthew ; but as this point is prepossessed with the prophecy as of considerable importance in my at first delivered, or with the sub- view of the subject, I must beg the sequent expository matter. In this Reader's attention whilst I enlarge instance I take it, that St. Matthew upon it. St. Matthew says, For generally (though not always) re- then shall be great tribulation, lates the simple prophecy, as he had such as
such as was not since the beheard it in the first instance from 'ginning of the world to this time, our Lord: whereas St. Luke had
no, nor ever shall be.
And exhis mind more filled and impressed cept those days should be shortened, with the interpretation, and con- " there should no flesh be saved : &c." sequently often gives us exposi- (vv. 21, 22.) Now this tribulation, tion or paraphrase instead of the though some are disposed to think it text. At all events we shall find, typical of the wrath to be poured that St. Luke's Gospel is an im- out at the ultimate day of judgeportant commentary on St. Mat- ment, is generally limited to the thew's; in proof of which I shall destruction of Jerusalem : but turn instance
two examples to the parallel place in St. Luke tending to our better apprehension and we read, that "these be the of the subject.
days of vengeance, that all things St. Matthew says:
which are written may be fulfilled. • therefore shall see the abomina- · But woe unto them that are with
tion of DESOLATION, spoken of by child and to them that give suck · Daniel the prophet, stand in the ' in those days, for there shall be holy place, (whoso readeth let him
great distress in the land and wrath
" When ye
* Matt. xiii, 36; 11, 15 ; Mark ix, 28.
of See the marginal readings of Dan. ix, 27.