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• contemptible blockheads,' charges us with ridiculous malevolence,' and observes that even the suggestions of policy cannot bridle our intemperate resentment.'
What is worse than all this, he accuses us of being formerly among his greatest flatterers. This is indeed a serious charge ; and if we at any time have been liberal in our en. comiums on Anthony Pasquin's productions, of which we recollect nothing, they were either of a very different nature from those which have lately appeared, or we must indeed bave flattered him. 'Should their ungenerous labours (he adds) ever awaken anger in my bosom, I will affert the rights of truth, and hurl fuch impoftors from the seat of judgment. This is a very terrible denunciation, and we congratulate Anthony on his present tranquility of mind. As it is not discomposed by any thing we have said, so we hope that nothing we shall say will have any effe&t in awakening his serious displeasure. We should not indeed be greatly flattered at entering the lists with such an antagonist. The prospect of a combat, in which victory would afford no honour, can yield but little fatisfaction.
As we are arraigned before the public by Anthony for injustice and malevolence, we trust we shall be excused for producing some evidence on our side of the question ; such as may tend to show that nothing but the utmost partiality or perverfion of justice could induce a literary tribunal to speak in approbation of his works, and recommend them to public fa
• As o’er the haunts of Innocency spread
And breathes 'twixt vengeance and a guilty land.' Reduce these lines, gentle reader, to common sense ; the fifth, fixth, and the fix concluding ones, to any thing like sense, if thou canst, et eris mihi magnus Apollo !.We will intrude but one quotation more upon his patience; it is taken from Correggio Candid's letter to the celebrated Mr. Daniel of Bath,' and entitled the · Portrait Painter's Golden Rules.' It will serve to show that this author is scarcely leís
perplexing and abstruse in his lively than in his serious como
But one of us;
The envied attributes inhabit thus :
And amplifies the face :
Whó mortal woes destroy,
Adroitly mix th' alluring and tremendous,
As iron habit physic's sons will send us.
And you shall get
They see truth jaundic'd, and their will's their own.' The golden rules which follow, for we have not, in pity to the reader, transcribed one half of this epistle, are much in the same manner, and will be perused with equal advantage and amusement by the pictorial amateur:
Let us, however, do this author the justice to say, that he discovers, in the delineation of low characters, some kind of humour. His Margery Cockney and Phalim O'Shaughnessy are not onentertaining, though their jokes are not always very delicate or very new. The following character in one of
Congreve's comcdies is not perhaps altogether inapplicable to Anthony Pasquin. . Petulant's a very pretty fellow, and a wery honest fellow, and has a smattering-faith and troth a pretty deal of an odd sort of a small wit; and if he had any judgment in the world, he would not be altogether contempt. ible.'
The Natural History of East Tartary ; traced through the three Kingdoms of Nature. Translated
from the French. By William Radcliffe, A. B. Svo. 45. ferved. Richardson. THE volume before us is a translation of the Description
Physique de la Contrée de Tauride, which we examined at some length in our LXVIlth volume, p. 373. We were pleased to see it in an English dress, for we think it a work in many respects curious, and in some important. It was tranf. lated from the Russian into French, and this translation is taken from the French version,
As it is, therefore, our chief business to examine the transJation, it will not detain us long. The French translator dif. claimed every pretension to beauty of tyle, and Mr. Radcliffe, on this account, hopes, that he will not be held solely responfible for any inelegancies that may appear in the following work.' In our comparison, therefore, we have chiefly con. fined ourselves to the accuracy of the version, and in this respect we perceive marks of håste rather than of ignorance, and of inatten tion rather tha want of ability. If Mr. Radcliffe had examined his translation with care, he would probably have avoided the little errors we have met with ; the inconfiderable faults which deform rather than detract from the real merit of his work. We shall point out a few of these in the order in which they occur,
In the first description of the flat country, which our authof with some inaccuracy calls • level;' though levels may occur in very high grounds, he seems to have committed a fault of some importance. This head (partie) comprises those vast plains ftuated between the Black Sea and the feas of Azow and Sivache (or Patrid) which, stretching towards the North, spread from the Dnieper as far as Perecop, and beyond the neighbouring rivers of Salghir and the Weftern Boulghanak. The original says, ' as far as Perecop, and from thence as far as the rivers of Salghir, &c. ('& de la jusqu'aux rivieres,' &c.) The soil, a few lines afterwards, is described to þe a free, yellow, argillaceous earth.' Again, the calcareous earth is said in the same page to be of a quality so porous as to prove clearly the attrition of water. This is a sealt an inelegant, we think an improper, tranflation of mais fi poreuse, qu'il eft vifible qu'elle a été rougée par l'eau. At
the end of the third and beginning of the fourth page, the steep banks of the salt lakes are said to follow the order of the foil which surrounds them.' The original says, that their foil is the same as that in the neighbourhood.
The minute fastidious criticism, which a farther examination would occasion, can neither be pleasing to our readers or ourselves. The errors frequently consist of words, which seem to have been rendered in hafte, of an inverted and less simple phraseology, and in a few instances, particularly in the minetalogical part, they appear to have arisen from our author not being sufficiently acquainted with that science. A striking instance of that kind occurs near the end of his eighteenth page. As a specimen of the general freedom and ease of Mr. Radcliffe's language, we shall transcribe the following note :
• All the countries in which volcanos exist, or are known to have exifted, contain large tracts of a red argillaceous earth; a circumstance which has hitherto cscaped the observation of the many able writers by whom these countries have been described. Volcanic mountains are also often met with, containing no lava or basaltes. Such is that called Sbhönberg, by the baths of Geismar in Hesse. It is of a conical form, and the crater which exists at present is rent from top to bottom, and is without any trace of lava or basaltes. The soil is every where red, and in - the sides we meet with not shelves, but real gutters of a deep red Spathic schistus. If it should be doubted whether this mountain was ever a volcano, we should remember, ift. its conical form; 2dly. its crater; zdiy. that it is situated in a country indubitably volcanic, and within a league of the mountain Grebenstein, which is admitted to be an extinguished volcano; and 4thly, that large and insulated fragments of well preserved hafalies are dispersed over its fides, evidently without the affistance of man.
• All these circumstances seem to prove that this is an extinguished volcano, whofe lava and basaltes have, in a long "course of time, been entirely decomposed, and converted into a red potters-carth, which appears in great abundance in its neighbourhood, and even upon the lides of the mountain itself.' 1 We have selected this note for many different reasons, as it affords some foundation for thinking that the more trifling mistakes may be owing to errors of the press*, and as it contains more instances of inverted phrafes, which in some degree injure the force of the author's manner, than any other parsage of equal extent. · Mountains, thes author fays, in the French version, are often met with, which have all the volca. nic appearances, except lavas or basaltes, of which they are entirely deprived. Instead of real gutters,' our author says I real streams,’ (coulées). -Evidently without the affiftance
• These we have corrected in transcribing.
of man,' would have been rendered more closely, which could not be carried there by man; for what purpose would this design have answered ? Instead of red potters earth, it should have been red clay, for not all kinds of clay are fit for the potter, and the terms are not synonymous: the French word is argile. We had, however, other reasons for our selection : the observations are perfectly just and accurate, so far as concerns the general appearance of volcanic mountains, but the appearance of argillaceous earth in volcanic countries, particularly in volcanic mountains long since extinét, has been noticed by fir William Hamilton in his account of the Ponciæ Insulæ in the Philosophical Transactions. He ascribes the change to vitriolic acid vapours.
Mr. Radcliffe's language may not appear strong enough to warrant this observation; but the original says exprelly—this remark has never yet been made.' We do not indeed recollect it in
any cept the papers juft quoted; but the appearance of clay in volcanic countries is so obvious, the change of the less compact porous lavas on the surface is so evident to the eye of even a superficial observer, that we wonder more at its having been so often overlooked, than its being now particularly noticed.
A View of the Present State of Derbyshire ; with an Account of
its most remarkable Antiquities. By James Pilkington. (Cona
cluded, from p. 143.) THIS 'HIS second volume is of a more local nature, and of less
general interest than the first ; to which we may add, ' that it appears to us in many respects more imperfect : it will not, therefore, detain us long.
While the tribes from the continent preffed on the aboriginal inhabitants of Britain, it is natural co conclude that they were collected on the western side of the kingdom, as the most remote from their conquerors, till they found an asylum in the mountains of Wales, fome parts of Ireland, and the isles of the Irish fea. Druidism shared the fate of its professors, and the remote situation of some parts of Derbyfhire were, probably, during the first attack on this barbarous superstition, temporary retreats. Many Druidical, or apparently Druidical monuments, occur in this county; for we are not willing to allow every regular arrangement of itones to have been the work of these ambitious prieits. In the subsequent period, that of the Romans, this county received the conquering legions, and shared in the benefit of their labours: but our author has been able to add nothing to Mr. Pegge's • Peçambulation of the greater and lesser Roman roads of