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agreeable to his own. He remarks that there is in sugar a gently stimulant and incisive quality, which, though uteful in a great degree, may be easily abused. It may be a proper nourishment, but cannot be the nutritive principle in its pure flate. • I have seen, says he, in America, when the use of sugar is carried too far, that it produces jaundice, bilious fevers ; in bie' lious habits ; complaints in the bowels; Hatulency in the colon and cæcum; it injures the juices of the stomach, and weakens tkat organ so much that it is with difliculty restored. If the ulcers of negroes are to be cured, it is necessary to deprive them en. tirely of this aliment.' The editors, in answer to this letter, repcat many facts well known, and adıert to Dr. Stark's peculiar situation, and his diet, which, previous to his ufe of fugar, was not sufficiently alime: tary. But they do not recollect, that though the diet was not rendered more nutritious, the scorburic symptoms disappeared on the change. They add, from their own Annals, an inflance of a ship, where the crew had consumed all the provilions, and the tourvy had began to appear, when they had recourse to sugar, and lived on it for scveral days : after which the symptoms of fcurvy ceased. This, if well founded, is a very important fact. They quore a work of M. Dutrone on the sugar-cane, and the method of refining sugar, for the good effects of this diet : we shall transcribe the pallage, but the work is not yet published. • The Cochin Chinese, says he, consume much fugar: they eat it commonly with their rice, and it is the common breakfast of men and women of every age. In erery inn you only meet with lugar and rice, and it is the common diet of travellers

They think nothing so nouriming. A certain company of solviers are allowed a particular sum for sugar and sugar canes, which they are commanded to eat daily. The design of this allowance is to render them plump, and make their appearance more res. pectable. They are soo in number, and in very good cafe : They are really faitened on fugar.' The diseases attributed by M. Bertin to fugar, they fufpect, may have arisen from other causes. There is a man, they say in Paris, who refided twenty years in India, whose fomach was injured, and digestion weakened: he recovered by taking, every morping, a large

water much sweetencd. At the end of this long article, we canno: engage in extensive difcuilions; but we must be allowed to add, that we think with M. Berlin on this subject : the sugar.ciet may certainly be carried too far, and in excess it must be injurious. The facts. adduced by the editors of the Gazette de Sanić, are not applicable to their argument, without many limitations.

We purpoled to have given some intelligence relating to pharmaceutical preparations, and a few miscellaneous medical works; but we perceive that we have already exceeded our linnits, so that we must defer them to another opportunity.

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Corporation and Test Acts, Controversy, &c. A Look to the Last Century; or, the Diflenters weigbed in their

own Scales. 8vo. Is. 6d. Faulder. "ROM the sermons and other productions of the last century, ways clamorous, aspiring, and intolerant. He compares their fentiments in the fifteenth and fixteenth centuries with those lately disseminated with so much zeal, and finds them scarcely different. He brings forward the exceptionable passages in Dr. Price and Dr. Prieliley's late works, which he examines with caution and reprehends with indignation. This wriier, both in information and abilities, foars greatly above the common leve! of controversialists. A Short Examination of some of the Principal Reasons for the Re

peal of the Tift and Corporation Alls. By a Clergyman of the Church of England. 8vo. 6d. Rivingtons.

If to · short' in the title, we add candid, rational, and able, iç would convey a very proper and adequate idea of this plain familiar expoftulation. Tif against Teft; or, a View of the Measures proposed in the Reo Solutions of the Dilsenters to remove all Tests by imposing one of their orun upon every Candidate for a Srat in the House of Com. mons, at the nest General Election. Folio. 2d. Rivingtons. The threats against those members who would not aslift their plańs, formed one feature of the rath violence which character. ised the supporters of the late attempt. This author collects different instances of this new teft; but we ought to add, that in some late publications, the violent resolutions have been ex. plained, and coloured a little, so as to lole much of their firly odious appearance. Remarks on the Resolutions palled at a Meeting of the Noblemen,

Gentlemen, and Clergy of the County of Warcrick, held on Fiki 2, 1790. In three Letters to the Right Hon. the Earl of Aylef ford, Chairman of the Meeting, with fome occafonal Remarks on the Resolutions at Bartlet's Buildings. Evo. 15. Johnson.

We have not seen a more able, a more candid, and a more dispassionate examination of the arguments against the repea! of the corporation and test acts. Yei, perhaps, we may be allowed to say, that this author has repeated some of the weak arguments, and one or two of what we think have been shown to be mistaken facts. We have already given our opinion on the subject, and we find nothing in these · Remarks which has a tendency to controvert it,

Philo-Thcodofins; or, a nerv Edition of Theodofius, with a new Ciarafler of Mr. Burke. By an old Member of Parlinment, Svo. 15. Bourne.

We know not that this pamphlet proceeds from thie' vener. able pen (venerable, if the age, like that of Jenkinson, in the Vicar of Waketield, is not allumed), of the author of Theodofius; but, if it is by the fame author, his fpirit is soon decay. £d, and his fire extinguised-animain in vulnere ponit. We find little in this work that deserves a moment's attention, or, if we except the abuse scattered profusely on Mr. Burke, that would excite the leait oppofition. A Letter to the R. R. the Archbishops and Bishops of England;

pointing out the only sure Means of preserving the Church from the Dangers that now threaten her. By an Upper-Graduate. 8vo. 15. Johnson.

The under graduate has indeed lately become an upper graduate;' but the fly author of this ironical tract is a very different person. He recommends, forsowth! a general council, with john of Lambeth at the head, and aims fome Mrewd jeits at the Reformation; which, by putting the Bible in the hands of the lairy, lạid, as he contends, the foundation of the present dispute. He is a reviewer 100, and we shall give a spe.. cimen of his humour from this part of the pamphlet:

• I have read alimost every pamphlet that has been written on the subject since last year; and I confess my heart is grieved to think that your lordship should have such feeble defenders, Your full and fair Difcuffions, my lords, though printed at the Clarendon press, difcufs only a few grains of academical duft from the author's feet; dust collected in the dirty lanes of Oxford, and unapt to blind the least perspicacious eye. Your Obfervations, &c. from the same quarter, are only observable for their low price : nineteen pages for fix pence, is dog cheap! – Your Historian of the Tift Axl has trampled on the very first and fundamental rule of history.--Your Clerical Apologist for the Liturgy, makes a most wretched apology indeed Your Birmingham Sermon-maker, even with the aid of Pindar's poetry, can scarcely keep his reader awake to the end of his proJogue.-Your Complete Refutation completely shews the impotency of its author to refute :-And all the Essays, Letters, and Lampoons that have been written in your favour, on this occa. fion, have only served to make your cause appear more desperate.' The Difensers' present Claims confidered in a Sermon preached in

the Parish Church of Warrington, on the 30th of January, 1790. By Edward Owen, M. A. 8vo. is. Printed for the Author,

We have already said that we hate politics in the pulpit; yet Nr. Owen has often the claim of candour, moderation, and truth on his fide. We mean not to impeach his veraciry or good intention, but in the heat of controversy, who can pre end to be exactly intormed on every point?



Obfervations upon the rev. Mr. Owen's Sermon, preached in the

Parish Cburcb at Warrington, on the 30th of January, 1790. Dy the rev. Joseph Bealey. Svo. 15. Johnson.

Mr. Bealey differs from Mr. Owen, as 'two men of liberality educated in oppolite felts and with different views may be lupposed to differ. He fights closely and fairly; and though we find a little of what has been styled the “ seasoning of controverfy,' yet as we have examined much more illiberal replies, we think this before us candid and moderate. We do not perceive that he has mifrepresented any thing, pursued a triumph to an illiberal exultation; or, on the other hand, materially changed our views of the controverty. In one or two instances he produces authoriiy instead of argument, which, in his situation, he thould have avoided. Indeed Mr. Bealey tells us that he speaks only as an individual, and that the other Diffenters speak in the fame manner : the intemperance, therefore, of a few, is not pro. perly applicable to the whole body, The Debate in the House of Commons on the Ropral of the Corporation and Ted Afts, March 2d, 1750. Second Edition. 8vo.

Stockdale, We notice this work a second time chiefly to now how much every party appears to be interested in the decision, and the arguments which probably occalioned it. Some Strictures on a late Publication, entiileil Ronsons for seeking a

Repeal of the Corporation and Tift Alls, by a Disenter. By a Charchman. 8vo. 1. Rivingions.

The pamphlet referred to occurs in our last Number, p. 341, But we must observe, that in this instance, the Churchman appears to us inferior to the Diflenter. A Letter to the Parliament of Great Britain, on the intended Apo

plication of the Proteftant Difjenters, for obtaining a Repeal of the Corporation and Tif Aits. By a Member of the University of Cambridge. To which is added, a genuine Extral of a Litzer from King Charles I. 10 bis Son the Prince of Wales, afierwards King of England. 410. Is. Rivingtons.

This Letier may furnisi fome occasion of triamph to the Diffenters, for it is vulnerable in many paris. The only strong ground which our author has taken, is the exultation expressed by tome eager zealots on the subject of the French revolution. The jetter of Charles is not very important in this view, for is it turprising that he thould with io preserve the church of England inviolate, or entertain a great antipathy to Dillenters ? An Address to the Disidents of England on their late Defeat. 8vo.

15. Johnson. Of our author's abilities we have little doubt, but of the temper which di&iated this Address we can speak with litt e respect.


Disappointment, rancour, and malignity, appear under the thin disguise of apparent candour and diliembled moderation; and we could will such spirits to “ seek in the free transatlantic states, or in the neighbouring delighiful land of liberty, a restoration to those privileges of men on which the noblest natures set the highest value.' -We can have no objection to this emigration, for malignity in confequence of disappointment, would have been triumph, despotismn, and intolerance in the hour of success or of power. Some Remarks on the Resolutions which zuere formed at a Mecting of

the Archdeaconry of Chifter, held at the City of Chester, on Monday Feb. 15th, 1790: Wilbrome Observations on the late Arguments of Mr. Pitt, and the Conduct of Mr. Burke, relative to a Repeal of the Tift A&. By the rov. J. Smith. Evo. Johnson.

A new mixture composed of ingredients from old phials; the social contract, the rights of citizens, and eligibility to office, the crambe recocta of many a tirusome pamphlet, not improved by its new form. A Vindication of the Modern Dilsenters against the Afperfions of the

rev. William Hawkins, M. A. and the right rev. Author of a Review of the Case of the Proteftant Diflenters, with reference to the Corporation and Test Ans. By Samuel Palmer. 8vo. 15. Johnson.

Mr. Palmer began his pamphlet with a reply to Mr. Hawkins on the subject of the life of Dr. Waits, and finished it more

popularly by an answer to a pamphlet attributed to the billiop : of St. David's, entitled a “ Review of the Case' (Crit, Rev. p.

349.) The controversy on the life of Dr. Watts refers to his last sentiments on the Trinity, to the importance of fice enquiry, the authority of the church, and the different opinions of the members of the established church. In the third letter Mr. Palmer proceeds to a subject which excited our curiosity—' of the dangerous tendency of the sentiments of Diflenters to church and state;' but we own it is imperfectly gratified. The sentiments of the Presbyterians, he contends, have suffered less al. teration than those of the clergy since the days of the Puritans. How is this proved? We shall find a great variation in the opi. nions defended in their sermons and writings : for if we would look for the sentiments of their ancestors, they will be found in the tabernacle : observation shows this gradual change very diftin Eily to our eyes, for in a long extensive acquaintance with Diflenters, where we used to find Calvinists, we now meet with professors of very different opinions ; Arians are become Socinians, and the former Calviniits, a fect distinguished by the name of rational Diflenters, composed of Arians, Socinians, or of the varying fhades berween Calvinisin and Arianisin, or between this and Socinianism. The clergy, on the contrary, have been gradually vergiug towards Arminianilin, and a few to Arianism;


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