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but the change has not been general, nos have the variations been numerous or important.

• We should think (observes Mr. Palmer in his particular defence of the Dissenrer's views) with abhorrence of seeing any one denomination of Difenters advanced to ecclefiaftical power, and enjoying those emoluments of yours, for which you and your brethren are so fadly apprehensive. And the great diverfity of feriments which there is at present among us, and the number of parties into which we are divided, would alone be a fufficient security against ouis becoming the establifled religion of this country, whatever power we might contrary to all human probability) acquire in the state. It would be an absolute imposibility in the nature of things, that so many and fuch he terogeneous bodies of men as compose the prelent Diflenters, should ever be united in one church-establiment. As no one of them would ever be suffered by the rest to establish itself, neither is there any one that wishes it, or that would not much ra. ther see episcopacy remain for ever where it is. And while there is a church-cftabliment at all, fo long as the Episcopalians are the majority, we are ready to admit they ought to have the pre: eminence; it being a univerial principle among us, that the voice of majorities should always determine,'

This is the same view which we have taken of the subject, and such is the perverseness of human nature, we have froid ic contended that it would be dangerous to take off the test, as it rould introduce anarchy and contention, and must at last necel farily terminate in railing one church to the supreme authority. Power is a fascinating phaniom, and the aspiring mind of maa will never be at reit while it is to be obtained.

To the author of the Review, Mr. Palmer replies rather in the words of Abernethy than in its own. He remonstrates wab the right reverend reviewer on the unfairness of arguing from partialextracts and unconnected paffages; but he could have wished that he had attempted to extract the poifun of some late poblications and resolutions, or at least difunned his being inSected with the same virulent spirit of republicanism and equal. şey. These concessions would have come with peculiar proprio cty from Mr. Palmer, to whose candour, moderation, and good fense, we have, in more than one instan.e, had occalion to pay a cheartul tribute of applause. A Series of Remarks upon a Sermon freached at St. Philip's Church

in Birmingham, on Sunday Jan. 3, 1790; entitled,' the TA Laus Defended,' by George Crofi, D. D. By the Rev. Joba Hobfou. 8vo. 1s. Johnson. la our last Review, p. 350, we spoke of Dr. Croft's sermon mith fon e refpect, though we thought the dignity of the pulpit sullied by the language of controversy. Mr. Hobson follows she preacher in his preface and sermon with some afperiry, occa. Lonal pleafantry, but with an eager perfecuting spirit. We


can commend the spirit of the remarks rather than the temper
which dictated them; and are more pleafed with the author's
humorous farcasms than with his serious arguments.
The oppressive, anjuft, and prophane Nature and Tendency of the

Corporation and Toft Ass exposed, in a Sermon preached before the
Congregation of Proteftant Diffenters, meeting in Cannon-Street,
Birmingbam, Feb. 21, 1790. By S. Pearce. 800. 6d. Johnson.

Mr. Pearce's text, or rather the motio of his painphlet, is the 161ft verle of the 119th Pfalm, which he applies to the pretent time with the most perfect propriery, if we could fuppofe, for a moment, Darid to be a Presbyterian and Saul an archbifhop; or, David a follower of Calvin, and the rulers and counsellors, as some have translated the original word, which in our version is rendered 'princes,' to be the upper and lower house of convocation. At present -bur Mall we confess the truth? the flame burns fo fiercely, the furnace is seven times horter chan it is wont to be heated,' that we are unwilling to approach it. The next text that relates to perfecution may be hurled af our own heads, Teleration and Charity peculiar to the Christian Religion. Tran

lated from the French of A. B. Bilbop of , in Languedor. 8vo. IS. Murray.

This is an admirable essay, full of candour, mildness, no. deration, and good fenfe. The author is well acquainted with the human heart, with its prejudices, predilections, and antipathies; and his decisions deserve great attention: his letter joo is written with much spirit and address. Unfortunately, he disapproves of any tett, and in his views we inay allow it io be improper, for not one of his arguments will apply to the footing on which we endeavoured to put the question, in the conclusion of our account of the subjet in our last Number. We canno: relist transcribing a few lines from the dedication : the bishop's pursuits were, it seems; interrupted by the late disturbancesa which produced the fame effect (the diffusion of a spirit of roleration) without any faither efforts from him.

· The bishop writes me, that, though extremely pocked ac the enormities committed by the inob, he is, in general, farisfied with the conduct of the national alle.rbly. He regrers the long suspension of the executive power, the indecent manner in whicła their good king has been treated, though he by no means throw's the blame of this upon the assembly; and he is afraid lett the union of all the orders, originally intended to be temporary 09ly, 'fhould become perpetual. He expreffes no anxiety or rea gret about any measures that have been, or inay be, taken re. fpecting the clergy.' A Sermon on Religious Toleration, preached in the Church of Burs.

nefs upon Windermere, Wifimoreland. By Samnei Bullby, D. D. 4*0. Baldwin.

A mild and benevolent discourse on the luliject of toleration : its chief connexion with the test appears in the preface, where

the author tells us, he "hopes it may tend to convince the more moderate of them (the Diflenters) that whoever disturbs the religious establishment of his country without a divine commiffion, is not acting the part of a good lubje t.' He concludes with declaring his ' firm opinion,' that the existence of the church depends on that of the test act.

DIVINITY, RELIGIOUS, &c. A Sermon on Edlucation, including a Display of Parental Duty,

and the proper Obirits of liberal Inftrucion: preached before a Society of Protestant Dilsenters at Bradford, Yorkshire, June 28th, 1783. By S. Carlow. 110. bet. Johnson.

Mr. Citlow, in elegant and often highly polished language, recommends an attention to the culture of the mind, whatever may be the future plan of life, as it enlarges the views, marures the judgment, may suggeit improvements, or fupply a source of the most rational entertainment, after professional labours. The religious improvement, and the more liberal accomplish. *ments are attended to with equal care, We apprehend Mr. Catlow superintends a imall feminary at Mansfield; and he feeins so well acquainred with the utility of education, and fo fully aware of its great and important objects, that we have no doubt of his success.

Protefiant Catechism, for the l'fe of Young Persons, originally pube libed in Frenck; and translated by S.Catloil'. 12mo. 6d. Johnson.

We have read this Catechilin with great fatisfa&tion: it is clear, explicit, and rational. It is, however, on the Unitarian fyllem, and we mult praise it with that reserve ; but Unitarianism is not rendered obvious or glarinz: it is once only and fightiy mentioned. The great object of the author is to give a plain acco.:nt of the contents of the Bible, with the history of religion, and to inculcate the different duties toward: God, cur neighbours, and curfelves. An Exhortation to all Cbriftian People, to refrain from Trinila

rian Wortbip. Tbe fecond Edition. 1 2 mo. 4d. Johnson.

The title expresses the object of this plain, serious Address. If the writer thinks it of great importance to turn people from the error of their ways, we would commend him for the con• fcientious discharge of what he thinks his duty. We ought, however, to tell him, that comparing different paffages of the Liturgy of the Church of England, with single passages from the Gotpel, is neither candid nor proper. If we allow then his fincerity, it must be at the cxpence of his understanding or his integrity. A Vindication of Speaking openly in favour of important Truths, fpecially those respecting the Divine Unitg. 12mo. 2d. Johnson.

Ive always respect Dr. Toulmin's ability; and to him, we apprehend, we are indebted for the present Vindication.' But we have had occafion already to oppose this iroít pernicious fyllem, unless the arguments are addressed to men of science or



jud zment. There can be b'it one reafon for these very general popular addresses ; to engage those who cannot reafon, and to prejudice those who cannot examine : the ultimate object certainly lies deeper. The Speech of the right hon. William Pitt, in the House of Commo's,

on Tuesilay the second of March, 1790, repreting the Repeal of ibe Corporation and Toft Afts. 80. Stockdale.

This speech, like Mr. Fox's, has been generally circulated ; but its effects, or the result, like the good fced, depends on the foil in which it is to germinate.

POETRY. Fimale Characters in Marriel Life: an Epigrammatic Satire.

4to. 25. 6d. Stalker. We could have wilhed our author had given a description of one good character, if it were only to have shown that women, in his opinion, ever acted properly ; but, as he profeffes to hold out the errors of some as examples to the rest, we will ex. cuse his wapt of gallantry for the sake of his good intentioy. It is a remark, we believe, of the la:e excellent Dr. Gregory, that no one ever abused the sex, who was conscious that he deserved the regard and attention of the moit virtuous part of it His lines run familiarly; they are not polised into elegance, or fliffened by too much labour. We Thall'select one of the fhortest characters :

• The House-wife ftill her cookery relates,
And starres her hungry husband with her treats ;
Birds form'd in ice, and guinea-pigs in jelly.
How happier treated, cou!! he fill his Belly!
Or now, head-inistress of the brush and mop,
A flood her house to bottom from the top!
Reads public lectures on each dirty ipot,
In filence he refle&ts on one forgot ;
At length exclaims-“ Oh stop this gun of rivers !"

Then roars with rheumatisin, or ague shivers.'
The Struggles of Sheridan, or the Ministry in full Cry, 410. 15.

Kerby. If poets fucceed best in fiction our author Mould be excel. lent; for that the present minillers either applied to Mr. Sheridan for assistance, or deprecated his Philippics, we may eafily allow to be poetical invention. The different speeches made to him on this subject are, however, characteristic and humor. ous; his reply is more firm, and in some lines indignant;. we mean not to say that it is not in character. · It is enough for us to select a thori specimen of the oratory of the fupplicants, for fince it is more purely fiEticious, it ought to be the best :

• With looks important and a folemn bend,
Pitt thus began a fpeçch he had just p nn'd:
“ At other times and places have we lat,
In verbal storm to guide the long debac;


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But now, I trust, those hateful things are o'er,
And we shall meet as deadly foes no more.
Whate'er you hope, you with for, fir, or want,
Spesk but the word, and we'll profusely grant;
Whether in Easiern climes the golden spoil,
Or Ireland's fceptre fhall reward your toil;
Whether a peer, like Auckland, you wou'd be,
And live at home upon an embassy ;
Or if my brother's place you'd rather have,
His firong pretensions he shall quickly ware;
Nor can I doubt but I should quickly see,
You'd almost manaye lips as well as he :
Graar but this willi, but this request fulfill,

Spare my Finance and poor Tobacco Bill.”
New Facts, or the White-Walker, or the fecond Part of Gabriel

Outcaf. 8vo. 25. Murray. Something of novelty and humour appeared in the preface, and the doggrel lines displayed a spirit, which might have shone to more advantage on another subject. Yet the novelty, the fpirit, and the humour were mitapplied, or iinproperly conduct. ed, since we laid down the book, without a wish to resume it. The concluding lines convey a good leffon :

6. In's serinon, once o'th'fifch o'November,
Our parfon said, as I remember;

" Who with the Rhodian coloffus

try to wrestle, if he tosles
The firmly fuoted statue down,
Must have a care to save his crown:
Left in its falling, he should pull


paper skull,
And so the meddles, for his pains,

Get but the beating out o's brains.” The author is a friend of Dr. White's, but does not engage in the merits of the dispute: it is a laughing fquib to engage the attention on what was a popular subject.

M E DI CAL. A Treatise on the Causes and Effets of Scirrhous Tumors and

Cancers, &c. By Henry Safory. Svo. 15. Egertons.

The author's Treatise is flight and superficial; his Apology -zrite; and his Eulogium on the conduct of the surgeons of the army in America, injudiciously exaggerated. Their credit could only be hurt by such panegyrics, for it was not within the reach of cenfure. The use of a fecret medicine can never add any luftre to the character of a regular furgeon'or physician. A Review of the Medical Department in the British Navy, cuitb a Method of Reform propofid. By Thomas Tretter, M.D.

vo. Bew. It is but paying a debt of gratitude for the instruction we

Its head upon



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