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have received from the publications and conversation of many excellent nary surgeons, to endeavour to amend the nation, and add to the comforts and emoluments of the whole corps. Either we have been lingulally fortunatr, or this whole class deserves particular regard, from abilit es, attention, and humanity. lle consider therefore Dr. Trotter's attempt as one that thould be considered with care; and the different heads that deferve the chict regard, are the exan inations, the fupply of medicines, and ilic emoluments, l hough there may be some obje&tion to the mode in which the examinations are conducted, they cannot, perhaps, be in better bands; and a little remonstrance on one side, or a poci icpresentation of he realcircumitances on the other, will be, probably, fufficient to correct cvery inconvenience. Our author's plan, for establitbing a difpentary at the different poris, is a very proper one; but, until this be done, the preseni plan of procuring medicines from Apothecaries' Hall hould not be changed: the health of feainen is 100 precious to be put in comparison with the avarice and selfishness which might leid fone to procure medicines at the cheapeit rate.

Dr. Trotter has given fufficient reasons for redu ing the venerealfec from fifteen to five shillings; but, on the subject of halt pay, we must adınit his arguments with some reserve. Mucha may be faid on both sides; and, while we allow some compenfation should be made to a surgeon, who has spent the time, in which he might have eit blithed himtelf in business, in the service of his country, it may be enquired whether his characa ter, experience, and connections, which are also increafed, may not be in part contidered as a compensation. We know that with these alliances, and the half pay, the army surgeons are very powerful rivals to the rest of the faculty. On the whole, we think this very candid and able represeniation of real difficulties and hard (lips demands the most serious attention. Experiments and Obfervations on the Horley-Grren Spaw, ncar

Halifax. To which is added a short Account of tuo other Mia neral Waters in Yorkshire. By Thomas Garnet, M. D. 8vo.

Knott. The spring rises in the neighbourhood of Halifax, in York. fire, and very nearly relembles the Hartfell Spaw, near Moffat, lately, again, recommended by Dr. Percival: each seems a very powerful ityptic. The spaw, which is the olijąt of Dr. Garnett's attention, yielded, in a wine gallon of water, the fol. Jowing proportions :

23.

dwts. grs.

I

• Of earth of iron, or ochre,

Vitriolated iron, or fai martis,
Alum,
Vitriolated lime or selenite
Dephlogisticated martial vitriol,

Aerial acid or fixed air, 18 cubic inches.'
VOL. LXIX. April, 1790.

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9,2 13 14

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The temperature is one degree above that of the air, when the thermometer was at 450; and the specitic gravity, to that of distilled water, as 1.0031 to 1.

The experiments and the reasoning are sufficiently accurate, excep', as we suspect, in what relates to the deposition of the iron, in consequence of the exposure to the air. Dr. Garnet fupposes, that the iron deposited is more than the fixed air can hold in solution, and therefore, that the ochre must be phlogitticated, in which state a larger proportion is foluble in the vitriolic acid; but, as it will give out its phiogiton to the air, it becomes less foluble, and is consequently depotired. We tiod no foundation for this dephlogistication in fo short a period, which is compatible only with the escape of a rery volatile fuid; and, as our author has not demontrated this peculiar state of the iron, we may as well suppose that it is in ihat dcgree of phlogistication, when it is moil soluble in fixed air.

The other waters are a chalybeate, and an hepatic spaw; but not particularly or accurately analyted.

POLITICAL. Sulftance of she Speech of the Right Hon. Edmund Burke, in the

Debate on the Army Estimates, in the House of Commons, on Tuesday, the gil Day of Fibruary, 1790. Comprebending a Dif cussion of the present Situation of Affairs in France. The Fourt)

Edition. 8vo. Debrelt. A letter from Earl Stanhope, to the Right Hon. Ednund Burke:

containing a short Answer to bis late Speech on the lirench Riva lution. Scond Edition. 8vo. I's. Elmtly.

The situation of France, which drew from Mr. Burke some severe remarks, and occafioned his political separation from Mr. Sheridan, has been the subject of contention in newt. papers; and, from Lord Stanhope's Letrer, seems likely to affume a more serious form. Mr. Burke's speech, published in the first of these pamphlets, is printed with an accuracy and propriety, which gives it in our opinion more than the appear. ance of authenticity, and the general substance of it we must approve. We have spoken in favour of the revolution, at a time when expectation was fanguine, and when the firit steps were promising : even the delay we wished to apologize for; and the ebullitions of the moment, we were willing io think, were the exaggerations of parry, or the effects of the temporary phrenzy, which would soon settle into a more prosperous calm. Each day's experience adds, however, to the force of Mr. Burke's opinion, and the warmth of our language in p. 352 of our last Number is scarcely too strong for the real circumitances of the fituation of France. Mr. Burke very properly compares and contrasts the revolutions of England and France, aw we carte noe give his sentiments in a diferent language from his own : • In tratii, the circumsances of our revolution (as it is calle

ed

IS.

What we

ed) and that of France are just the reverse of each oiher in al. most every particular, and in the whole fpirit of the transaction. With us it was the case of a legal monarch attempting arbitrary power-in France it is the case of an arbitrary monarch, beginning, from whaterer cause, to legalise his authority. The one was to be refifted, the other was to be managed and directe ed; but in neither case was the order of the state to be changed, leit government inight be ruined, which oughe only to be corrected and legalised. With us we got rid of the min, and pre, ferved the conftiruent parts of the state. There they get rid of the constituent parts of the itate, and keep the man. did was in truth and subitance, and in a constitutional light, a revolution pot made but prevented. We took solid securities ; "we settled doubtful questions; we corrected anomalies in our Jaw. In the stable fundamental parts of our conftitution we made no revolution ; no, nor any alteration at all. We did not impair the monarchy. Perhaps it might be shewn that we strengthened it very confiderably. The nation kept the fame ranks, the same orders, the same privileges, the fame fran. chises, the same rules for property, the fame subordinations, the same order in the law, in the revenue, and in the magistracy; the same lords, the fame commons, the same corporations, the same electors.

• The church was not impaired. Her estates, her majelly, ber splendor, her orders and gradations continued the same. She was preserved in her full efficiency, and cleared only of a certain intolerance, which was her weakness and disgrace. The church and the state were the same after the revolution that they were before, but better secured in every part.'-We wish we had room for more.

Nothing can in our opinion be fo different, fo opposite in the appearance, tendency, and effects as the revolutions of 1688 and 1789: the one was conducted by a set of wise, enlightened politicians, the other by the eager violent phrenzy of innovation : the one was marked by beneficial alterations; the other by furious destruction : the one ended in increased energy and res. pectability ; the other is apparently proceeding to national debility and bankruptcy. Yet these are the revolutions which are compared, and which agree only in name ; and it is from men wbo speak with complacency of this horrid picture, that we are told our reformations are to proceed.

The most important part of lord Stanhope's opposition is to that passage of Mr. Burke's speech, where the o:ator represents the late revolution as destroying a constitution really good. Lord Stanhope triumphs on this ground, and speaks of a flanding army, the Bastile, and lettres de cacher. We fufpet Mr. Burke alludes to the original conllitution of France, before the maires de palais usurped the fovereign authority ; before the parliaments lost their power, and were reduced to be the tools of despotism, or the corrupt ministers of venal justice; and when

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the states general were regularly assembled. At that time, the conftitution svas good, and some found judges have suppoed, that by depring in some infances from the fpirit of this conlitution, the national al mbly have been tritors to their own late, and enemies of their own country. On the whole, we think Mr. Burke's specch a very able one; and, in many relpects, his reasoning is as accurate as his representation is fair. Lord Stanhope's Answer is no: without merit of a difierent kind; but it resembles Dr. Price's Sermon in its principles and doctrines, 100 closely to allow us to speak o: it with any great respect. An Address to the Freimen of Liverpool. 8vo. 15. Bladon.

While the author purposes to examine the refpe&tive merits of the preient candidates for Liverpool, he engages in a review of Mr. Pita's admiration, which li condemns in every ftep. One of the candidates, Mr. G-C, eing a fupporter of the minister, the heroes of the " Address' are, therefore, lord Penrhyo and colonel Türleton; but it is written with so strong à bias of political prejudice, that it in uit bc read with great caution and relerve. N N 0 V E L

E L S. The Hifiory of Charles Mandeville. A Sequel to Lady Julia. By Mrs. Brooke. 2 Vols. 12710.

55.

Lane. Julia Mandeville, notwithftanding its faults, is a pleasing, pathetic, interesting work; though perhaps every reader cloles it Tvith pain, disappointment, and regret. Mrs. Brooke cannot bring ihe amiab e Harry and the lovely Julia again to this vale of tears; but the introduces Charles Mandeville, fupposed to be dionicd, and his charining Agnes, from Youngland, an Utopian country, neither well invented, nor well described. The only fascination which remains in this continuation, is the recollection of lady Anne's vivacity, and the interest we foi merly felt for the other characters: we say recollection, for they are 6.ades only of what they were, resemblances, perhaps only namesakes. The episode of Charles' adventures is uninteresting and improbable in the highest degree; and the whole scarcely reaches meciucrity. Lucinda Hariley; or, the Adventures of an Orphan, containing the

humorous H story of Mr. Goodwin. By the Author of Lord Winwurth, &c. 2 l'ois. 1 2 mo.

The adventures of the orphan are a litule improbable, and not very new or interesting ; but the hittory of Mr. Goodwin, a valetudinarian, affected with all disorders, and curing each by a quack medicine, is very humorous and entertaining. I comes very near to the excentric flights of the Philosophical Quixore. The sails of the character are not so minute, as to deserve the appellation of professional or scientific humour.

8

Palestina

55. Allen.

55. Lane.

Valentine, a Nozel. 2 Vols. 12mo. The scene is laid in Prussia, and the circumilances are in geperal appropriated to the Germin manners. If we had not mer with the Splendid Circle of the Court of Berlin,' and the frequent abience of officers, in the most active moments of the soit perilous cumpaigns, we thould have thought the fiction better supported. The flory is interesting and pleasing; but the catastrophe melancholy, the denouement haliened too rapidiy, and nor a little improbable. The Statue Room, an liflorical Tale, by Mifs Ballin. 2 Vols.

121110.

550 Symonds, When we spoke with complacency of historical novels, we excepted those abounding with anachronisms, which contradiced history in its molt material circumftances, and in every respect was inlignificant.-Such is miss Ballin's very youthful work,

MISCELLANEOUS. Esays on Modern Manners. Addressed !0 Persons of every Deno

mination, particulurly to Parents; and humbly dedicated to Beilby, Lord Billop of London. By G. Neale. 879. 25. Kearfiey.

The few ideas contained in this little volume are unreafonably expanded, and, in consequence probably of this ex. pansion, lose their force. The declamation on modern manners is trire, and often frivolous; the remedy, viz. an early marriage, is a dangerous and an insufficient one. If the distipation of female lite was checked, marriage would be engaged in perhaps more early, and would certainly be more happy. Imperial Eleftion, and Journiy to Hanover; contain 'ng an Ace

count of the Mannen of electing an Emperor of Germany; Thoughts on the Importance of that Esent at this particulir Crisis, and on the Propriety ofthe King of Great Britain refiding at Hanover, on so momentous an Occasion. Together avith some Account of the journies of our Sovereigns of thi House of Brunfwick to their Dominions on the Continent, the Government effablished in their Absence, &c. 8vo. Stockdale.

From the advertisement it appears that whenever the king is said to be going to Hanover, or a new emperor to be elected, this pamphl-t hecomes of imporiance. We trust therefore that Mr. Stockdale will reserve the remain:er of the impreffion witla care. The account of the election of emperor is sufficiently correct, though the views and objects of the different elector's are in part misrepresented. We do not think that the author's arguments in support of the neceility of fome prince being elected to this high office fufficiently valid. The Germanic conftitution has prorided for the safety of the empire during the inte regnum; and the little real buliness of an emperor is eafily transacted.

The discussion on the necessity or propriety of the king's going to Hanover is 190 trilling for a inoment's attention, The

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