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frequent excurfions of George I. and I!. were certainly not beneficial to the Kingdom. A Letter on the Practice of Bosing, aldrejsed to the King, Lords,

and Commons. By the Rev. Edivard Barry, A. M. and Y. U. 8vo.

is. Bew: If boxing is to be made a spectacle to disseminate idleness, dittipation, and gambling, magiftrates have interfered to fuppreis it with great propriety. But we would no more object to a fchool of bosing than to one of fencing or of riding : in realiry, we are degenerating fait to a race of petit maitres; and, aniefs some fathionable rage brings back the old Englih spirit, hardihood, and customs, another age may see us a prey to a more bold and intrepid nation. Stri&txres on Duelling; delected from the most authentic Authors:

with Additions, by a Gentleman, late of the Univerfity of Oxford. 870. Walier.

The very able and benevolent author of these Strictures deserves the banks of maukind for his judicious arguments againlt a practice, which could only have arisen in the rudeft xras. Yet we fear he has written in vain. If the fource of duelling be cowardice, will argument render a man brave enough to refuse a challenge? If the leffer morals, the decorum of society, be guarded by the existence of a custoin which corseits what laws are inadequate to, will his reasons cool the mind agitated with indignation at folly, indecency, perverseness, or brutality? In mort, while we allow the custom to be bad, yet it is a barrier against, perhaps, worse evils; and its real inconveniencies, in this age, are not so numerous as to alarm the re igious man or the moralist! A Reviezu of the Pamphler, entitled, A Difourfe on the Love of

our Country, by Richard Price, &c.' 8vo. Faulder.

Our brother-reviewer attacks Dr. Price in every fiep of his late fermon, which he offices to conhder as a political, perhaps a feditious pamphlet: he attacks bim, however, by affertions and by declamation, rather than argument. To that part of she sermon which relates to the king's being the servant of the people, his replies are not constitutional or juft: to oppose Dr. Price with more success, he afcends the opposite end of the beam, and contends, het kings are supreme, and independent of the people. We have already explained our opinion on thi part of the question, and need not ielume it. By the law, he jays, the successor has a right to demand' the crown; but he forgets that rights of this kind are reciprocal; and, if the tew king does not act conftitutionally, the people have a better right, as they have more power, to hurl him from the throne.' Libertyor Death. A Tract. By John Loswr, ynr. 410. is. Harrop.

Mr. Lowe does not speak in warm terms of the indumanity of the lave-trade: its grcat crime is that it is unprofitable. Elephants' teeth have neither yaws not fmall-pux; gold-duft is

futjeet

I s.

fubjeét to none of the accidents in the middle patlage, and the ornamental woods will not jump over bourd from de pair. • Call you this backing your friends ?'

Suicide. d Dillertation. 4to. 15. Hayes. This opposition to suicide is a laboured and strenuous one ; but it is too concise in fo:ne parts, and Larcely perspicuous in any. Belies, that the opponent of suicide acts always disadvantageoufly, he combats in fanity with argument, detpair with religion, and disappointinent with reason. Of courle he is feldom succeis!ul; for wh:n the constitution is inccellible to the remedy, the poison muit exero iis whole virulence.

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CORRESPONDENCE. THE author of the following ingenious letter, on the infcrip. tion on the pig of lead noticed, from the Archäologia, in our Re. view for Fcoruary, wili excule our having in fome measure shortened it: the whole w as 100 long for this department of our work.

• I agree with you, that the latest correction, changing TUT for LUT, does not authorise the use of the word “poiettate," and thus to confrue it, “ tribunitià poteftate," as there are no numerals, Independent of the circumstance of Claudius having never obtained the appellation of Britannicus; I think BR, without a T, is not to be always contidered as itanding for that tiile. Is it not more properly placed to fignify Borca rum? I have not at present any authority to cite, but I apprehend I am correct. To suppote that Claudius; to perpetuate the meinory of his success in Britain, ordered all the pigs of lead to bear the inscription of the medal which was struck on that occafion, is cally far-fetched.

• I would read it, as it originally stoo], without any alteration, TI. CL. TR. TUT. BR. EX. ARG. and render it, “ Tiberiis Claudius tribunus tutelaris bonoruin ex argentifodinis," which appears to be the lamp which the wardens of the mines placed upon every rig of lead sinelted. The name of the warden, for the time being, happening to have been 'Tiberius Claudius, has given rile to the conjectures that it was smelted, in the reign of the emperor of that name, about the ycar 49 ; whereas you very aptly observe thar, from the uncertainty being so great, a little ingenuity might bring it down even as low as the year 749.

• The letters TR. TUT. BR. have been the stumbling. blocks, and I fluiter myself, that, if my conltruction be not che right, it is at least as probable as the " Tribun. poteft. Britannicus;" there being no connetion between the trib. po:. and the ensuing letters, EX. ARG. These letters being on a pig of lead, although they relate to silver mines, is I think na objection. The fame-officer was warden of the lead mines as well as lilver mices; argentarius was the terın for a banker, og money-changer, although they did not deal in liver only.

Thore

• There is fome probability that the officer's name might have been T. C. Trebonius, or any other name beginning with TR. in which instance, instead of Tribunus tutelaris, it would have been rutelariui, varoen; but I rather incline to my first pofition, and suppose it to be tribunus. We have tribunus ara. rius, a tax-gatherer ; and even with us he have a warden of the itaonaries, which office, from this inferiprion, appears to have been derived from the Romans, and is somewhat a corroborating proof of my eonjecture.'

WE have looked at those passages of Mr. Locke's. Esay, pointed out by our kind - Monitor,' and perceive

that we were millaken in fuppofing Mr. Locke of opinion that the mind was always thinking. We were led into the error by recollealing fome parts of Mr. Locke's reafoning on this fobject in the fecond book, which mi ht be easily converted to support the oppofile system, when connected with the subject then under our conti. dciation. As our Correspondent confines himself to our mistake, and does not support either opinion, we shall not enlarge on the fulijet; but we think we could thow, that a mind not always thinking, is-110 mind at all; and that apparently, in the mos thoughtlets moments, a litle attention will discover a real exertion of the mental principle: like our involuntary motions, this exertion becomes habitual, and is consequently unperceived.

WE find Mr. Aldowne's work occurred in our Review of Jast December ; and we are forry that he thinks ke have given a wrong idea of it. In those Articles confined to the cata. lugue, we cannot engage in, or examine every argument; we in general take the leading idea, and give our opinion of the whole. In this instance, the first text * which occurred

was so decisive in favour of the divine nature, that we argued on it as the principal hinge. We meant not, and we hope our readers did not suspect, that Mr. Aldowne, from this text alone, fupported the oprofite opinion. Our Correspondent asks, if it implies ar impossibility or an absurdity to suppole that a mere man was begotten in this way? Ke would apply neither term to the works of God; but, as in this world, lie appears to act by second causes, by the most fimple means, and with the most regular uniformily, when he deparis .from this plan, we must suppose the production not of this world.' Mr. Ashdowne may be however assured, that we meant no disrespect to his work; but, as one text so strongly favoured our o imion, we thought that we need not proced fare ther.

to US

* * The Holy Ghost Thall come upon thee, and the power of the Highet overlhadow thee.'

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For

M A Y,

1790.

Oeuvres Pofthumes de Frederic II. Roi de Pruffe, en 15 Tomes,

8.00. Berlin. Voss et Fils, Decker et Fils.

Oeuvres Posthumes de Frederic II. Roi de Prulje.

Pofthumous Works of Frederic 11.

(Continued from Vol. LXVIII. p. 306.) AFTER a long intermiflion we return to this interesting and

important work with much pleasure, and we resume it at that period where the transactions are les generally known, and less accurately understood; the partition of Poland and the Bavarian war. At the peace of Hubertsburg,' the king observes, that Prussia was left alone bleeding at every pore, weak, defenceless, exhausted, and only without open enemies. Its finances were to be recruited, its army re-established, towns rebuilt, the peasantry to be fupported, and even the nobility to be affifted. In this unfortunate situation, the Polith war, in which Ruflia engaged on the side of the Dillidents, and the Porte appeared in the defence of the grandees, changed the appearance of affairs.

" A new

career being opened, adds the king, he must have been without address, or buried in ftupid corpor, who should have neglected to profit by fo advantageous an opportunity.' He, therefore, took time by the forelock,' and indemnified the monarchy for its former losses by incorporating Polish Pruslia’ with his hereditary dominions; this was effected by dint of negociation alone. We have prelerved the king's own words in the preface, as a cool apology for what cannot perhaps be defended on the footing of morality; since to plunder the weak because it can be done with impunity, is the apology of the highwayman, and even of the meaner criminal; and the rank of the robber or the value of the plunder makes no alteration in the offence. In the views of the politician and the conqueror, this conduct has assumed a different appearance? it is splendid and fascinating; and while we feel as metalifts, we own that we'attend with some interest to those scenes where Frederic is an actor VOL. LXIX. May, 1790... LI

and

and a witness,' and where the princes of Europe were atten. tive though timid spectators.

The first chapter contains the State of politics from the year 1963 to 1775; and in the beginning the king explains at fome length the difficulties of his political fituation : we are chiefly interefted by what he says of England; and though we have some reason to think the account exaggerated, yet even when the adventitious parts are separated, the rest forms one of the worst features of the most weak and inglorious ad. miniftration of this country.

• When Ms. Piit quitted the helm his place was bestowed upon lord Bute, a Scotch earl. This English minifter broke off all the connections which fubfifted between the two courts. England, as we have before faid, having concluded peace with France, had facrificed to her the interctts of Pruffia; and had offered the conquest of Silesia to the house of Austria ; that, by favour of this fervice, the ancient ties between the Imperial court and that of Great Britain might be renewed. As if these proceedings had ftill been infufficient, lord Bute had set every engine at work, at Petersburg, to embroil the king with the cmperor Peter III. in which attempts however, he was unfuccessful. Ill faith fo repeated had interrupted all the friendship which had before existed between Pruffia and England; and, to that alliance which reciprocal wants had produced, malignity the most porent, and hatred the moft violent, succeeded. Thus it happened that the king remained fingly on the field of battle; where indeed no one care to attack him, but neither did any person present himself for his defence ; a fituation only support. able by being short, and which could not long endure; for which reason it presently underwent a change.' .

The political horizon began to clear, when the king of Poland died, and the empress of Russia wanted the king's arfiftance to fix a new monarch on the vacant throne. Frederic's forward zeal before the treaty was signed conciliated in a greater degree the favour of the empress. The affairs of Po. land, in which Ruffia was foon embroiled, and the little attention which the new king paid to the power which established him on the throne, led Frederic into difficulties. The Poles united with the Turks againt Rufa ; and the king, keeping a watchful eye on the court of Vienna, was with difficulty able, notwithstanding all bis address, to avoid partaking in the conteft. In the war the Poles were foon vanquished; and the ontkilful Rufians, opposed to the more unkilful Turks, were in that quarter also successful: is was, says our author, men with one eye bearing the blind. In this interval, the interview between Frederic and the emperor took place at Neiss. • The young prince, remarks our able veteran, affre

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