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probably had only select passages of Polybius before him.
9. Perottus, whose Latin vertion secms too loosely translated to be admitted as authority. 10. Codex Regius, B. N° 1649, writ- ., ten by Vergerius in 1547, from the edition of Obsopæus. ii, Codex Regius, C. No 1716, containing books I. and II. pro. bably the lame. The various readings given in this volume at the bottom of the page, are those which appear plausible, but are not admitted ; those which relate to a reading evidently corrupt, but do not sufficienrly amend it; and the corre&tions not warranged by MSS.- The notes are to be published at the end.
Of the works illustrating different subjects of antiquity, the most curious is the • Discourse on the Burghs and Villages of the District of Valeia, mentioned in the Alimentary Table of Trajan, preserved in the Royal Museum at Parma.
The author is M. Antonio- Jacynto Cara de Canonico. History and medals confirm the popular liberality of Trajan, who, accord. ing to the plan and regulations of Nerva, maincained the chil. dren of the poor of Italy; and the table of Valeia, discovered in 17472 points out the funds which supported the expence. Trajan himself, a community of cities, or a body of rich ciri. zens, paid a sufficient sum for this purpose. The proprietors of the estates rented different parts of this capital, paid the in. terett at five per cent, and secured the principal on a mortgage of the land. The table alluded to, contains the capital assigned for the nourishment of three hundred infants, male and female, as well as the annual sum allowed to each, and the persons who accepted the money and engaged to pay the interest. M. Cara de Canonico establihes the claim of Valeia to this table, which fome authors have doubted, and builds on this foundation some geographical difquifitions Each city appears to have been cncompaffed by its peculiar territory, distinguished into different burghs. The burghs mentioned in the tables, are forty ; twelve belonging to Parma, fix to the territory of Plaisance, one to that of Lucca, three to that of Liburno, and eighteen to the territory of Valeia. These eighteen burghs our author thinks were contiguous, and surrounded by the others, so that Valeia seemed to form a triangle, whose point reached the fources of the Taro, and whose base, parallel to the Po, was extended from the modern Castellar Arcello to Ma. riano. At the point of the triangle was the burgh Minervio, belonging to the territory of Lucca, and different from another Minervio in that of Plaisance. The burgh Ambitrebbio, in the territory of Valeia, he thinks was divided by the river Trebbia. The connection of this territory is found in the table, and it is the clue to fix the others. At the end is the in. feription engraved on the bronze of Valeia, and the chorographical chart drawn by the author, The first edition of • Fabretti's Account of the Waters and
Aquedu&ts of Ancient Rome,' was published at Rome in 1680, bu! it was become scarce and in some degree defective. M. Barbiellini has supplied the want, and publiMed a new one, not only in an elegant form, but with useful notes in the margin. Fabretti fol. lowed the tractof Frontin, whogave the best account of the streams which were at different times conducted to Rome, their origin, their course, the machines and works necessary to convey them, and the restorers or authors of the ancient aqueducts, elucidat. ing at the same time fome questions of antiquity connected with the subject. Some of these ftreams were lost even in his time.
Some account of the two celebrated statues at Rome, Pasquin and Marforio, was published lait year at Rome. They are admirably executed, but more generally known for the lampoons frequently affixed to them, hence styled Pasquinades, than for the merit of the sculpture, or the learned disputes which they have occafioned. The abbé Cancellieri tells us that the firit was designed to represent a river ; but the symbols required to decide on the subject are wanting. The other, Marforio, the abbé Visconi informs us in a letter add elled to the author, is neither Alexander the Great, Hercules, or Mars, as some authors have pretended; but Patroclus, killed by Hector, and rescued by Menelaus. Our author means to give some farther information respecting other statues at Rome,
The programma of some reflections on the moral character of Caius Saluftius Crispus, the Roman historian, has been published by J. Fr. Roos. These remarks were occafioned by M. Wieland's defence of this author in his notes on the tranflation of the Satircs of Horace, and they are written with much taste and erudition. Our author agrees with M. Wieland in thinking that it was owing to his intrigues with the party opposed to Cæsar, and not to his debauchery and libertinisin, that he was expelled from the senate, though it is not possible to justify Salult from the charge of corruption and irregularity in his govern, ment ot Nuniidia. This is nown by a passage in Dio Caffius, not mentioned by M. Wieland, from whence it appears, thac Saluit had finished his history, at least that which related to Catalipe's conspiracy, before his departure for his government. The itriking contrait which subfitts between his conduct and the severity of those morals which may be drawn from his writings, render his other weaknesses more conspicuous; and in this way we muit interpret the passages in ancient authors which allude to the follies and excesses of this celebrated historian. In this sketch we may perhaps mention also brother Felice Maria's hiftory of the Roman republic and empire, in which it is his 'object to low, from the ieftimony of Greek and Latin authors, the defects and errors of Livy. Fifteen volumes were already printed, when death interrupted the plan; but it is continued by his friend and heir, D. Gasper Gazzia. The author's many, script extends to thirty volumes, which ftill remain. The er. tent of the work, and the period of its first publication prevent us from enlarging on it.
M. Ponce has published at Paris a description of the baths of Tirus, in which the paintings are faid to excel all those which have escaped the destruction of time, not excepting those of Herculaneum. This work also contains an engraving, but by no means an elegant or a well-executed one, of the Aldobrandine
uptials. The cielings and the antique ornaments of the baths of Livia are published by the same author. The fifteen plates from antiques are merely outlines ; but there are three from paintings after the deligns of Raphael very highly finished.
The latt work which seems to belong particularly to this subject is by the canon Francis Leopold Bertoldi, entitled “an An. tiquarian Numismatic Memoir on the Medals in the Mufeum of the Pontifical University of Ferrara.' There medals were lately stolen, and by the activity of government recovered, though the crucibles were ready for the fusion. The collection was made by the abbé Vincent Bellini, and is not only famous for medals of consuls, emperors, and popes, but for coins ftruck in the interval between the decline of the arts and their revival. The consular medals are in number 330, of which, 15 Vaillant had never seen. The imperial medals of gold and silver are 438 : those of the pontiffs 561, of which the most ancient is that of Leo IV. struck in 848. The medals and money of the different cities are in number 1324, arranged in an alphabetical order. The memoir is finished by a particular account of this museum, which we shall transuribe :
• The Ferrara museum is not only rich in the collection mentioned, but also in medals of the emperors in bronze, in coins of cities and ancient nations, and others of mixed metals, from the mints hereafter mentioned, as well as from the mints of Chiefi, Corfica, Fabriano, Fano, Foligno, Maldola, Malte, Monaco, Montalto, Mosco, Piombino, Ragufi, and Solferino; all collected and given in a great measure by Bellini, besides a great number of medals of illustrious men, of sacred and prophane bas-reliefs, of portraits painted on copper by the first masters, of idols and little statues in bronze and in marble, of 'engraved precious stones, of ancient seals, of lamps, of lachrymatory urns, of above five hundred volumes, of natural pro. ductions, and many other rarities. The museum is also embellished and adorned with marbles, mosaics, buits, ftatues, sculp. cures, &c. by the munificence of cardinal Ruminaldi, the illuf. trious ornament of Ferrara, his country, and the very zealous president of the university ; finally, it is a museum which will be always the admiration of the most enlightened travellers.'
M. Bertoldi means to publish very soon his second volume of historical memoirs of Aigente : the first appeared in 1787.
DIVINITY, RELIGIOUS, &c. An Enquiry whether any Do&trine relating to the nature and Effects
of the Lard's Supper can be juftly founded on the Discourse of our Loril
, recorded in the fixth Chapter of the Gospel of St. Johna Being a Supplement to a Trearife, entitled, an Attempt to ascere tain, and illustrate, the Authority, Nature, and Dchzn of the Inflitution of Christ, commonly called the Communion, and tóe Lord's Supper. By William Bell, D.D. 8vo. Is. Robfun. O ,
very able author, in his “Treatise on the Authority, Nature, and Design of the Lord's Supper, 'defigned to conSider
every passage in the New Testament which related to it. But the conversation of Jesus with his disciples at Capernaum, was, in his opinion, wholly figurative, and confcquently omits ed. This was objected to him, and occafioned some remarks on the subject in a second edition of the • Attempt,' in which he endeavoured to Mow, that the allufion is so remote, as to render any
doctrine on the nature and effects of that rite unstable, It
was, however, afterwards urged, that the discourse mult relate to it, and that it holds out fpecial benefits as connected with it, benefits, obferves Dr. Bell, - utterly incompatible, as well with the conditions of pardon, which the Gospel reveals, as the moral doctrines which it contains.' Our author's object is therefore to Mow that, allowing the connexion, our Saviour could not mean by any part of it to attribute to the rite, not only such benefits as are contended for, but any special benefits whatever, as directly annexed to or consequent upon is.
Tnis Supplement therefore to the Attempt' contains a liort commentary on the fixth chapter of St John, in which we think Dr. Beil very clearly proves what he deligned to fhow: indeed, on turning again to the chapter, and reading it over with all our attention, we are are fully confirmed in our former opinion, that the whole is allegorical, arising, according to our Saviour's usual mode of inttruction, from the late miracle of the loaves. In the the thirty-first and thirty-second verses allusion is made to Mo. fes giving them bread from heaven (for so we think FK T8 egard thould be tranflated), when they asked for miracles in attestation of his divine million; and going on, in reply to their request, he adds, 'I am the bread of lite.'-We are surprised that the meaning could be for a moment mistaken, when Jesus had said, in the twenty-seventh verse-Work not for the food that perillieth, but for that which endureth for eternal life, ubich the Son of Man will give you.' Ile True Patriot. A Sermon on the much lamented Death of your
Howard, LL.D. F. R. S. Preached at Hackney, bis na. tive Place. With Memoirs of his Life and Charactır. By Samazel Palmer. Svo. 15. Johnson. Mr. Palmer's text is from Acts x. 38. and h fhows, from the
conduct of our Saviour, that we should not only do good, but go about to do good. As our Lord is the best example for us, he is particularly led to remark, that the late excellent Mr. Howard followed this precept in its fullest extent, and this opinion is illustrated by an outline of his public life. He afterwards from these considerations, enforces the duty of an active bene. volence, and concludes an excellent practical sermon with the most earnest exhortation to enlarge its sphere and to persevere in the exercise of it. Two Charges, delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Lei
cofter, in the roars 1786 and 1787. By the Rev. Andrew burnaby, D.D. 8vo. 15. Payne and Son.
The first of those able and judicious Charges recommends particularly an attention to parish apprentices, and forcibly inculcares the idea, that the parish officer ought to con Gider the child as the object of his attention, even after he is bound an apprentice. This very benevolent and proper injunction scemş to be borrowed from the practice at Greenwich, perhaps ori. ginally introduced by Dr. Burnaby; and we could willi to see it generally inforced and practised. The subject of Sunday schools, of which the archdeacon is a patron, and other suitable observations, also occur in it. The iecond Charge chiefly relates to the late attempts to procure a repeal of the corporation and test acts. Dr. Burnaby endeavours to show, that the toleration is already as complete as is consistent with the safety of the late and the national tranquility. A Letter to the Right Rev. Dr. William Cleaver, Lord Bishop of
Chefter, on the subject of trvo Sermons addrilled by bim to the Çlergy of bis Diocese; comprehending also a Vindication of the late Bishop Hoadly. 8vo. 15. Johnson.
The bishop's correspondent attacks Dr. Cleaver's opinion, publifhed in his sermons. He contended that the Lord's Supi per was to be considered as a feast upon a facrifice, while our author represents it as a memorial only. The dispute, it will be obvious, is not new or confined to these two authors'; and as we have already given our opinion on it, we need not at present enlarge on the arguments before us. It is enough to observe that the institution of the Passover was evidently a memorial; and, if the Lord's Supper be a continuation or revival of this feast, it must be considered in the same light. An Anfaver 10 the Bifrop of Comana's Pastoral Letter. By a Pro. tefting Caibolic. 8vo.
Is. Faulder. This is the Letter of a titular bilhop of the Romill fee, republished with an answer. It relates to the oath of allegiance Lately proposed, which two bishops and a priest assembled to judge of it had condemned ; but which the Protesting Catholic ap. proves of, while he reprehends the unfair conduct of some of the parties convened for the examination,