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„A No Esay on the celebrated Prophecy, faiab vii. 14, 15, 16,
compared with the Gospel of Matthew i. 18-23. By Philips David Krauter, D. D. 8vo. is, 6d. Dilly.
We had designed to enter fully into the subject which this able veteran in the field of sacred criticism has examined with great ability. Much of it has, however, been anticipated; and to trace the recondite or collateral meaning of Hebrew words, is often attended with as little profit as entertainment. It is acknowledged that this prophecy is obscure, and various attcmpts have been made to elucidate it : fome of these we na siced in Dr. Cooper's One great Argument,' vol. LXIII. p. 437. We shall next aitend Mortly to Dr. Krauter's explanation.
Our authur conliders the answer of Ahaz to the prophet as haughy and infolent- ' I will not ak neither will I try the lord.' The words as they are represented are equivocal, and expressive either of contempt or refignation : it is evident from the reply, that the prophet confidered them as contempo tuous. He goes on in verse 14.- Therefore the Lord himself, &c. or as our author would translate the prophecy
Verse 14. “Therefore will he (my God) give my Lord: (thc Messiah) he shall be a fign unto you. Behold, the virgin big with child, and bearing a son, and his name called Immanuel.
Verse 15. “ Butter and honey shall every one eat. Accord. ing to his knowledge (cognizance) fall be the rejecting of the bad, and the choofing of the good.
Verse 16.“For before this youth shall know (take cognizance) to reje&t the bad and choose the good, this land which thou, (the house of David) has rent, fhall be deserted by its two kings."
From this translation it is evident that Dr. Krauter renders . Adonai' my Lord the Messiah ; but to this there are many pbjections, and the ellipfis must be supposed in the first part of the verse to supply this term in the second. It is certainly an unnatural interpretation. The fifteenth verse is also eliptical, and the translator gives no good reason why the prophet should turn from the confideration of the Meffiah to ibe ftate of the kingdom in general. Butter and honey was to be the food of every one (v. 22.) and confequently of the child; and each person according to his knowledge must choose the good and Jeject the bad. The peculiar circumstances relating to this child, the God with us, is that before the period of maturity, the land which was thus divided in confequence of the defecrion from Rehoboam thall be deserted of its two kings. This lalt verse is rendered with great accuracy and well elucidated.
On the whole, we think Dr. Krauter has laboured diligently, but his great object seems to have been to draw from the words an uncommon meaning; and his interpretation is consequently a recondite commentary rather than a natural obvious transla. tion. The difficulties which we mentioned in reviewing Dr. Cooper's work still remain, and we may now add to them, thas #bilo Ahab was pressed on by two kings, it was no great conso
Jation that, before a future child mall come to maturity, the sceptre shall have passed both from lírael and Juda. It is evident, that to Ahaz the meaning must have appeared more ob. vious, that a child inust have been present who was a type of the future Saviour, and to whom he applied what was meant for the Messiah, while the other circumitances secmed to him to relate to his antagonists. Glory to God and Peace to Men, the blessed Effcits of Divine Grace
in the Redemption of Sinners by Jesus Chrift. Confered by R. Taprell. 410. 15. Richardson.
! With a steady view to his own glory, says Mr. Taprell, the Almighty is pleased uniformly and univerfally to proceed. No revolurions, 110 circumstances, no considerations can break in upon this settled design, nor interrupt this harmony, and grand aim, of an infinite God. Could we turn back the volume of ten thousand years, and add ten thousand more to that, in every page unfolded, and in all the immensity of divine conduct, we should discern, Glory to God in the highest. Or, to change the figure, could we trace up all the streams to the eternal fountain, or could we see all that flow from thence, we Mould perceive that, they are defigned to convey, from everlasting to everlasting, the glory of God through all the courts of Heaven, and, in time, through all the colonies of earth.'
Again ; • In all the plans, and in all the executions of the most high God he unerringly confults his owo glory. This sentiment, in different words is often repeated; and we doubt not that all things will even: ually contribute to the glory of God; but that it is his peculiar object is raiher too hazardous an assertion. Those gentlemen who take upon them to develope the principles on which their Creator acts, as if they had been consulted on the occasion, or made confidants in his defigns, instead of promoting the cause of religion, too often exhibit a species of blafphemy, unintentional indeed, which excites disgust, or provokes to laughter. Mr. Taprell's design is, however, pious and laudable, and, in most of his religious fen-timents, we thoroughly agree with him. We meet, indeed, with
no refinements of science, or depth of argumentation, but he - pretends not to either. He addresses himself to the humble rcader,' who may reap benefit from this well-meant discourse. A Sermon to the Poor. By. S. Palmer. 12mo. 4d. Buckland.
A plain practical discourse from Matthew xi. 5. And the poor have the gospel preached to them. Victory over Death. A Sermon preached at Sudbury, in Suffolk,
April the 4th, 1790, on occasion of the Death of Mrs. Elizabeth Ray By Robert Stevenson. 8vo. 6d. Dilly.
A pious and practical, rather than a laboured or a learned discourse. We perceive nothing which deserves our praises, except the salutary tendency of the precepts, and the vein of
piety (of picty perhaps a little too gloomy) which pervades the wbole of the discourse.
PO E TRY. Ode on the Dijant View of France from Dover Cliff, in the rear
1789. 4to. Becket. 'This little poem is written with spirit, and contains an ele. gant compliment to our Gallic neighbours; which pleafed us the more, as from the insulting manner in which it opens we were not led to expect any thing of the kind. The liberal fentiments with which it concludes will please the reader :
• Enlighten'd France ! no more I view
With cold contempt thy glittering coast;
Th' unferter'a Nave has cause to boast.
Nor singly now shall dart its rays,
Thc felfish thought, the taunting jest,
Be banished from the liberal breast!
Taught each to scorn its neighbouring state,
Hie to some dark, unletter'd more,
Britain and France contend no more.
Pursue the same exalted plan,
15. 6d. Evans. Both the design and the execution are entitled to praise. The allegory is good; the diction finooth and easy. Lines on a late Refignation at the Royal Academy. 4to. 15.
Robson. Sir Joshua Reynolds is here complimented in a rery elegaat manner by Mr. Jerninghain, at the expence of his academic brethren. An Ode on the Marriage of his Grace the Duke of Dorset with
Mifs Arabella Diana Cope, bumbly dedicated and inscribed to
intended for another work not yet published, constitute the great eft part of this extraordinary performance. The Ode is indeed the least part of it, and its shortness the only circumstance in its favour. Poems: conffling of Modern Manners, Aurelia, the Curate, and
other Pieces never before published. By the Rev. Samuel Hook, A. M. 2 Vols. 8vo. Os. ferved. Dodfley.
The three principal poems which are mentioned in the titlepage, have been taken notice of in our Review, and recommend. ed as they occasionally made their appearance. The author rose gradually in our favour; and we consider the CURATE as much superior to Modern MANNERS, and even to AURELIA, which, however, is certainly entitled to much praise. The additional poems in general are of little consequence, though we were much pleased with that entitled the Olde and new Barrone, written in imitation of that well-known and excellent old bal. lad, the Olde and young Courtier, which may be found in the second volume of the Reliques of Ancient Poetry. The contrast is well preserved, and the manners of the olde Barrone appear to us to be marked in a peculiarly ftriking and chara&eriftic manner in the following Hanzas : • But, let our sonnes should say “ former times were better than
there, We'll look still farther backe if the courteous reader please, An hundred years or twain after William crossed the leas, When our fathers lived, I guesse, in great fear and litrle ease.
Like old villaines of their lorde,
And their lorde's old villaines. The Baronne, proud and fierce, then kept his callie wa,' From whence, though high and feep, ye could see nothing at a', But a danke and dismalle moore, and a wide bridge made to draw Over a moate to green, and fo Itinking, ye cried_faugh!.
Like an olde Baronne of the lande,
And the lande's olde Baronne. His chambers large and dimme, with gaudy painting dight, But like no earthly thing e'er seen of mortal wight, With chimnies black with finoke, and windows of greate height, That let in store of winde, but marvellous little light.
Like an olde Baronne of the lande,
And shę lande's olde Baronne. There in a hall so wide, and colde as any fone, He fed, in treezing ftare, idle fellows a hundred and one With black and bully beards and bloode red armour 011, Who, when he gives the worde, to rapine and flaughter are gone.
Like an olde Baronne of the lande,
And the lande's olde Baronge.
Poems by D. Deacon, jun. 110. 4. Rivingtons. The poem of the greatest consequence in this collection is en titled the Triumph of Liberty, occasioned by the centenary commemoration of the glorious Revolution. It is chiefly dea fcriptive of the joyful manner in which it was celebrated in the county of Derby, near the famous cot,'
where convenid England's preservers, and the plan devis’d, Which rais'd her present glory, and rega n'd,
Her freedom loft. Mr. Deacon's language is not always very highly polished or elegant, but we like the spirit with which he writes": he appears to fcel, and his scenery is often depictured according to truth and nature. He thus enliits himself among the numerous corps of the Duchess of Devonshire's panegyrists :
Devon benign, whose graces to describe,
A gem inimitable of grace attains.' Our author's sentiments differ very widely from ours in res gard to these deathless fongs; we can confidently affirm that the Caftalian fount has not been diminished in the flightest degree by the composers of them. We have before now expreffed our furprise, not at the number of her grace's encomiasts, but at their acquitting themselves so aukwardly on fo ftatuering a subject. Is there a contest among the minor poets who shall praise her most and worst? In the work before us we meet with nothing inferior to the absurd line which ends the quotation. The other poems are not executed with equal abilities to that which we have noticed. The author does not appear to have had a regular education, and many errors might be pointed out; but he is no way deficient in patural abilities and genius. Edinburgh: a Poem, in Two Parts. Also, the Weeping Bard: a Poem, in Sixteen Cantos. By Robert Alves, A. M. 8vo.
Prinied for the Author. If this author is the same whose poems we reviewed in our LXift volume p. 72. he is greatly improved since that time. We, however, still find many paffages extremely incorrect and inelegant. There is a great peculiarity of di&tion throughout, but though sometimes rude and aukward, it is often highly ani. mated and poetical. The fame diversity occurs in the senti. ments; they are often truly beautiful and pasheric, and at other times as truly absurd. The author must undoubtedly be a very fingular kind of man. In the • Weeping Bard,' the principal poem, he profefTes to delineare his own character, and the un. fortunate events of his life : many passages in it are wildly pic7