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occurs in record, is in a charter of the year 1433; thougi, in our author's opinion, the building is of a much older date. The adjoinings, now inhabited, were partly rebuilt by Mr. William Drummond the poet, in 1638, and partly by his son and successor, lir William Drummond. • From the windows of these buildings, as well as from the adjacent garden, fays our author, there is a most delightful and romantic prospect, fiınilar to those given by foets of Fairy Land, the river Ek running with a murmuring stream clofe under the eye, through a deep rocky glen, whose lides are cloathed with wood to the water's edge; the stream here and there breaking again large ftones, or the projecting rocks, which exhibit a variety of picturesque fcrms, tinged with different colours. What greatly adds to the beauty of the scene is, that though the banks are plentifully wooded, there are here and there bare fpots, through which the rocks, contrasted with the foliage, appear to great advantage.'
Under and near the manfion two ranges of caves have been fcooped out of the rock. Vulgar tradition makes them the work of the Piets; and this opinion is embraced by Dr. Stukeley; but is combated, and we think invalidated, by Maitland,
At this place, it is said, Drummond entertained for a confiderable time, Ben Jonson the poet; who, we are told, walked from London to converse with him, and to see Hawthornden..
Woodhouse-Lie is another of the beautiful fceres on the North Ek. It was seemingly, our author informs us, a small eaftellated mansion, situated on an eminence or mount evidently factitious. Very little of the building, except a huge chimney and some ftraggling walls are remaining on the mount, Below it, to the wellward, is a small fragment of a round tower. Under the ruins on the mount are several fine vaults.
Marchiston Tower stands at a small distance from the li syte's Houses. From the ftyle of this building, Mr. Grofe, in whose judgment we may generally confide, thinks it to be of an ancient date. But what adds chiefly to its fame is, its once having been the feat of the celebrated John lord Napier, the inventor of logarithms.
Seton-House. The greater part of this building was erected about the time of queen Masy; but a cattle or maníon is faid to have itood hereabouts from a very diftant period, though frequently destroyed by the English in their different inva. fons. The ornaments, of which there is a great profufion, are much in the taste of those at Herior's hofpital.
Within the walls of the castle or manfion, at a small dikance to the east of it, stands Seton-church, which seems to have
been an elegant building, adorned with sculpture, some of which is still remair.ing. It appears that the spire was never finished. The roof is arched, and covered with flag-stones, with which the floor is also paved. There are yet remaining some monuments with inscriptions, of which the most remarkable are recited by our author.
Borthwick Castle stands near twelve miles south-east of Edin. burgh, on a knowl, in the midst of a beautiful vale, bounded by hills, which are covered with corn and woods. It consists of a square tower, ninety feet high, with square and round bastions at equal distances from its base. The state rooms are on the firt story, once accesible by a drawbridge : some of the apartments were very large, the hall forty feet long, and had its music gallery ; the cieling lofty and adorned with paintings.
Dalhousie Cafle is fituated near eight miles south-east of Edinburgh. Our author observes, that the present edifice was most probably erected on the foundation of a more anci. ent building, as from the style of its architecture, part of it does not seem older than the middle of the fifteenth century.
[To be continued.]
The History of France, from the first Establishment of that Monar
cby to the present Revolution. 3 Vols. 8vo. 18s. Boards.
Kearlley. THE reduction of a voluminous hiftory to modern bounds is,
by favouring the convenience both of purchasers and readers, performing a real service to literature.
On this account, we always receive fatisfaction from judicious historical abridg. ments ; fuch, we mean, as comprise the principal events of nations, and place them in a light the most suitable for preserving the necessary concatenation between political causes and effects. What works of this kind lose in extent, they never fail to compensate by energy; and there can be little reason to regret the deficiency of minuteness, where no imperfection appears either in the accuracy, or the perspicuity of the narrative.
The author of the work now before us aspires not to the fruitless attempt of enlarging historical knowledge by the introduction of any new documents: he adopts the authorities of the most eminent writ. ers, who have treated, either profeffedly or incidentally, of the history of France; and he acknowledges, that, in some few instances, where he found it necessary to convey the exact sense of those writers, he should have thought it presumption to have altered their expreffions. This ingenuous avowal might juftify a suspicion, that the work muî thence be of an unequat and variegated texture ; but, with respect to the first and second vo
Z z 2
lumes, lumes, where only such adoption could be practised, we can truly affirm that this is by no means the case. The author, a. midst the task of compilation, has not forfeited his claims to thu character of an original historian; and while he occasionally gives place to the sentiments and expressions of different writers, he has been careful to preserve an uniformity in the composition of the work.
This history begins with an account of the origin and firit expeditions of the Franks, and the reign of Clovis, whose conquests, the author observes, were equally atchieved by his head and hand; but whose throne was cemented by the blood of his kinsmen, the Merovingian princes. Of this founder of the French monarchy, who died in the year 511, in the forty-fifth of his age, our author gives the following character:
Among his contemporaries, the valour and victories of Clovis certainly allowed him to claim the foremost rank; but his valour was stainsd with cruelty, and his victories obscured by injustice. In the invasion of the Burgundians and Visigoths, the most partial historians have described him as the aggreffor; and though in the battle of Tolbiac his sword was drawn against the Almanni in the defence of his ally and kinsman Sigebert, yet he soon after hesitated not to secure his throne by the death of that very ally in whose cause he had triumphed. His ruling pailion was to render himself abfolute monarch of all Gaul; and he may be considered as more fortunate in the execution of his deligns than justifiable in the means he employed. In private life, after his conversion to Christianity, he was chaite and temperate; por does it appear that the husband of Clotilda ever violated the purity of the marriage-bed.'
The descendents of Clovis are more memorable for the talents and policy of their ministers, than for their own virtue or abili. ties. Their throne was accordingly supplanted, by the enter. priting Charles Martel, the mayor of their palace; and the year 751 beheld the unfortunate Childeric, the last of the race, degraded, thaved, and immured for ever in a monastery.
The Carlovingian race, to which the regal dignity was now sransferred, broke forch with a luftre that justified the choice of the nation. Under the two first of its princes, a great extent of territory was added to the government of the Franks; but by a subsequent partition of the dominions of Charlemagne, the kingdoms of Germany and France were for ever separated. From this period the descendents of Pepin, like those of the preceding royal family, declined both in aclivity and power; until, in the year 987, they became extinct in the person of Loahaire, who was distinguished by the epithet of Faineant.
Hugh Capet next gave name to a new dynasty in the kingdom of France. Affection and interest, our author observes, com
bined to direct the choice of the nation; and the crown, which, in the election of Pepin, was annexed to the greatest office, was, in the person of Hugh Capet, transferred to the greatest fief.
Charles the Fourth dying without male issue, the crown devolved on his cousin-german, Philip, denominated the firit of the race of Valois. This race continued through a number of princes, of various fortunes and dispositions, under whom the French monarchy was alternately obscured and illuminated. Henry the Third, the last prince of this line, being assasinated by James Clement, a Jacobin friar, the sceptre was transferred to the house of Bourbon, in which family it has ever since remained. The sovereign in whom the new dynasty commenced, is one of the most distinguished princes in the annals of France, and, like Charlemagne, has been dignified with the illustrious title of the Great. From a miserable state of anarchy and internal discord, he raised the kingdom to a degree of prosperity which it had never before attained ; and he was meditating the plan of its farther aggrandisement, when, by the hand of the infamous Ra. villiac, he experienced the same violent fate with his immediate predecessor. It is unnecessary to add, that this vi&tim of fanaticism was the celebrated Henry the Fourth.
The author of the present work has deduced the narrative, through those several races of the French monarchs, with equal perfpicuity and conciseness. His authorities being already established, they can now require no investigation; and it will therefore be sufficient for us to lay before our readers a competent specimen of the hiftory.
• While the mareschal of Ancre, elaced at the profpe&t before him, gave loose to a temper naturally rash and vindi&tive, his capricious jealousies and unbridled arrogance precipitated on his own head the ruin that he meditated againit his enemies. He had placed about the person of the young king a gentleman of the name of Luines, who intinuated himtelf inro the farour and confidence of Lewis, by his unwearied affiduities, and the ar• dour with which he planned and partook of his childih amusements; but while the thoughts and hours of this new favourite seemed occupied by sports and pleasures the most frivolous, he in private nourished an ambition above his rank and station. The mareschal had repulsed, with contempt, his offer of alliance by uniting his brother to the niece of Ancre; and Luines, nut infénfible of the suspicious disposition of the Florentine, determined to provide for his own safety, by the destruction of a man whom from that moment he secretly considered as his im. placable enemy.
• In the vnguarded hours of familiarity, he impressed Lewis with a lively dread of the dangerous deligns of the aspiring Ita. lian; be represented to him that his father, Henry the Fourth,
had ever regarded, with peculiar averfion, the influence of the mareschal, and Leonora, over the mind of the queen. That he had only been prevented by the tears of his confort, from compelling them to repass ihe Alps; that the eviis which he had foreleen from their aicendancy over that princess, were now Jedlitid; the first prince of the blo d was imprisoned; the principai nobiiy were banished from cours; and the kingdom was plunged into the calamities of civil war, to fariate the revenge, or footh the arrogance of a fuperciliou, fo cigner. That while this infolent minion disposed at pleaf re of every employment of trust and importance, the lovereign himselt was little better than a captive to the qu en and the mareschal; and the avowed preterence and attachment of the former, to his younger brother the duke of Orleans, ought to inspire him with sentimenis of prudent distruit.
* The tender years of Lewis were already distinguished by that jealousy of the royal authority which afterwards became the prominent feature of his character. He liliened attentively to the repeated suggestions of Luines, and at leng h imparted his resolu ion to atchieve his own deliverance, and to extinguith the torch of civil commotion by the death of the maref hal. With the concurrence of Lewis, Luines exacted an oath of Vitri, the captain of the gua d, to execute whatever the king Mould command. He then disclosed to him the royal orders to arrest the mareschal d'Ancie; and Vitri having associated in the en. terprize his brother Hillier, his brother-in-law Persan, and a few more friends, on whose courage and fideliiy be could rely, prepared to execute the will of his tovereign.
• While the confpirators were engaged in concerting their measures, the queen was confidentially admonilued to dilmis her Italian favourites, whose intolence muit involve in their ruin her own influence; and Leonora was exhorred to consult her fafery by a prudent and timely retreat; the natural timidity of her sex inclined her to embrace the counsel that was offered; but the mareschal indignantly reje&ted the alterna:ive, and declared that he would never defert that fortune which hitherto had constantly accompanied him. On the morning fixed for his destruction, he had entered the Louvre, furrouuded by farty gen. tlemen who derived their fupport from his liberality; he was earnellly engiged in reading a letter, when the captain of the guard and his friends appeared; the retinue of Ancre, imagining they preceded their royal master, gave way; and Vitri, adyancing to the mareschal, arrested him in the name of the king. In a moment of altonishment and indignation he had laid his hand on his sword; this mark of relillance was the signal of his destruction. The command of Vitri to kill him was instantly obeyed; and three pistols, discharged with unerring skill, ex. tended the mareschallifel-fs on the ground.
« The prcience of the king at a window which overlooked the bloody scene, reprciled the ineffectual zcal of Ancre's adher