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embarkation. The proportion of the convicts fick in camp was not large : in the whole there were forty-fix sick and twenty convalescents. The total of the convicts who had died was eighty-one, and of these fifty-two were aged and infirm.

Descriptions of the progress of the new settlement are next given ; and the governor appears to have paid every attention to its future falubrity and importance. The observatory, in this account, is faid to be in 32° 52' 30' south iatitude, and 159° 19' 30" east of Greenwich; a considerable difference from that fixed by captain Tench. The air appears to be temperate on the whole, though frequently difturbed by thunder, which will probably be lefs frequent when ventilation is more free, The scurvy seems to have been the worst disease, but the fruittrees are flourishing, and may in time be sufficiently fruitful to check it. The water is pure at a moderate depth.– We are surprised that no iteps have been taken to bring the bread-fruit tree from Otaheite to this spot,

The natives occasionally eat roots, and one of these is fern, root; the other unknown. They eat also a kind of wild fig, and sometimes the seeds of a tree resembling a pine-apple, which are either kept a long time, or undergo a particular preparation, fince, when recent; they appear poisonous. Their implements are rude; though their nets, which appear to be composed of the fibres of the flax plant, are ingeniously twifted and woven, without knots. Some ladies who have inspected these nets, declare they are • formed on the same principle as the ground of point-lace, except that there is only one turn of the thread instead of two in every loop.' But they avoid all intercourse with us, and, probably, will shiver in the storms rather than accept of any cloathing from us.-Directions for failing into Port Jackson, by captain Hunter of the Sirius, are subjoined.

The specimens of natural history and botany sent home, Mow how much had been done by the former navigators in the short space of their stay, and how little the new settlers; who appear to be deficient in these sciences, are likely to add to their discoveries. The quadrupeds are either squirrels or of the opossum kind, distinguiihed by their pouches, and likely to produce some revolution in the construction of this genus : the birds have been chiefly described in Mr. Latham's Synopsis, and in the Supplement. Those which do do not occur in that work, are the fe. male superb warbler, the bronze-winged pigeon, the white fronted heron, the wattled bee-eater, and the psittaceous hornbill. The account of the last affords some remarks of importance,

· The bird is about the size of a crow: the total length two feet three inches : the bill is large, stout at the base, much curved at the point, and channelied on the sides ; the colour pale brown, inclining to yellow near the end: the noftrils are quite at the base, and are surrounded with a red skin, as is the eye alio, on the upper part: the head, neck, and under parts of the body are pale blue-grey; the upper parts of the body, wings, and tail, aflı colour; and most of the feathers are tipt with duiky black, forming bars of that colour across the wings : the wings, when cloled, reach to near three-quaters of the length of the tail : the tail itself is long, and cuneiform, the two middle feathers measuring eleven inches, and the outer one on each side little more than seven ; a bar of black crosses the whole near the end, and the tips of all the feathers are white : the legs are short and scaly, and the toes placed two forwards, and two backwards, as in those of the toucan or parrot genus : the colour of legs and claws black..

• This bird was killed at Port Jackson, and we beliere it to be hitherto non-descript.'

Some papers relative to the settlement follow; and in these we find two officers and three soldiers consent to remain ano, ther tour of three years : one wishes to settle there. In the return of fick Sept. 27th 1788, ten convicts have died since the lalt report; thirty belonging to the battalion are fick, and ninety-three convicts under medical treatment.

The seventeenth chapter contains nautical directions, &c. by lieut. Ball, concerning Rio Janeiro, Norfolk Island, Ball Pyramid, and Lord Howe Island. He observes that the draught of the harbour of Rio Janeiro, in the East India Company's chart, appears to be true, the soundings right, and the bearings accu

The approach to Norfolk Island appears to be safe. Ball's Pyramid appears to be a detached insulated rock, if the plate may be trusted, of a basaltic nature. Lord Howe's Island is in 31° 36" fouth latitude, by moon and star, 159° 4' east longitude-variation 10" east.

An account of lieut. Shortland, and his discoveries on his return, are subjoined. In about lat. 10°44' and E.longitude 161} he fell in with land which trended north-westerly. He coatted this land, diftinguishing the principal points, and sometimes the less minute indentations, so as to ascertain it to be a vast island or a cluster of very numerous small ones, till he came to l.it. 7° 25' and long. 155. He met with a canoe of Indians, who offered

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Mr. Latham, who has been kind enough to give his sentiments on this occasion, is of cpinion that this bird does not ftrictly belong to any of the prefent established genera. The make indeed is altogether that of an Fornbill, and the edges of the mandible are smooth, but the toes being placed two forwards and two backwards, seem to rank it with the parrots or toucaris ; and it has been unlucky that in the specimen from which the delcription was taken, the tongue was wanting, which might in a great meafure have determined the point : but the inducenicot for placing it with the horubills has had the greater weight, as not a single species of the toucan tribe has yet been met with in that part of the

him that assistance which some social civilization could only have procured. At the spot just mentioned, the land trended northerly, and he passed in that direction through straits where he once found only eight fathom of water : these ftraits are five leagues

in length, and seven or cight miles broad. The western coast of • these straits seems to have been fome islands adjoining to New

Ireland ; and parts of this discovered land will be found in Mr. Robert's

map

under the names of Port Surville and Bay Choiseul. Queen Charlotte's islands are very near, and to the west of this land, which is termed New Georgia ; and it affords an additional proof that this whole sea is studded with islands inhabited by a race which differs little in appearance, in cuftoms, or in manners. The scurvy then broke out with violence : the voyagers reached the Pelew Islands in great distress; but whether they met with the ifland against which a part of captain Wilson's crew was sent as auxiliaries, or the Spaniards had fince given an unfavourable impression of the English, is not easily ascertained ; they met with, however, but little aid. The disease continued, and we find all horrors which we meet with in former narratives renewed.

The Friendship, a store-thipin company, was funk, because the united crews were scarcely sufficient to work a single ship, and in this condition the voyagers reached Batavia : four of the original feamen could only return to England.

Lieut. Watts' narrative of the return of the Lady Penryn transport, follows. He goes first to Lord Howe's Itland, which he describes particularly. He says it is in lat. 31° 30' 49' S, and in longitude 1599 io' east of Greenwich. The mean state of the thermometer during their stay was 66o. They pursued a north-easterly direction, finding some itlands in lat, 300 !!' S. and long. 180° 58' 37" E. At last the old enemy of navigators appeared with great violence, and they were obliged to proceed to Otaheite, where they were received by these kind and affectionate islanders with their usual eagerness and regard. They were there fupplied with refrethments, but found Omai and the New Zealand boys were dead. By the jealousy of Maheine, chief of Emeo, all the cattle except some goats and one horse were destroyed ; and the. men of Uliatea had carried

; away the precious property of Omai. The manner of his death they could not discover. The stock they procured in this place, together with the additions laid in at Saypan and Tinian, brought them in perfect health to China.

The voyage of the Scarborough is next related; and as captain Gilbert accompanied captain Marshall, we purpose to examine the two accounts, which contain nearly the same facts, together; and if they are read together by others, some benefit

The two cap

will be derived from the chart prefixed to captain Marshall's narrative, as well as from the minute distinctness and the accu. sate views of captain Gilbert. If the different tracks of all the transports be compared, it will appear that Mr. Shortland, after clearing Jackson's Bay, proceeded northerly, between New Guinea and Queen Charlotte's islands : captain Marshall with his companion went farther eastward, between the New Hiebrides and the Friendly Islands : lieut. Watts went still farther to the eastward, in his voyage to Otaheite. The discoveries of the first were made a little to the south, and of the second fomewhat to the north of the line. Each, soon after he croiled the equinoctial, steered wefterly to the Ladrone Islands. Captain Gilbert, therefore, asserts without reason, that his was the most easterly track, though it might have been true if he had added • in unknown seas.' Captains Gilbert and Marshall did not land on Norfolk Island, but from thence pursued a track nearly northerly, and the first objcét of great importance which they met with, was an island about 30' south of the equinoctial ; and this was fucceeded by others forming a range to about 11° N. latitude. Their most eafterly course was nearly in long. 175°, and the centre of the range was about 170°. cains et ancrate and name the islands differently; and we suppose that they often saw different ones; we could with that the two accounts were reconciled by some persons killed in the subject, who have more leisure-time than we can boast. They saw several canoes, which resembled those of Otaheite, and their crews were evidently a part of the same race, which is fo profusely scattered in these feas. It is highly probuble tha convenient harbours may be found in the islands described to procare fresh provisions, since this course seems likely to become a common one. The scurvy in the voyage before us made violent attacks, though it is on the other hand probable, that the scorbutic tendency will be lefíened in the inhabitants of Jackson's Bay, in consequence of their more alimentary dies; and tha: from this port, in future ages, ships may be fi:led out with better supplies. Tinian they expected to find fertile in resources; but the flattering accounts of Anfon hare already appeared to be a transitory scene. Byron and Wallis found it an unwholesome and inconvenient spot to refit in; and captain Gilbert's accounts agree nearly with thcfe of Wallis. The Charlotte was driven to fua and obliged to cut her cables, for her crew was too weak to weigh the anchor with fufficient expedition : the anchor was afterwards found by lieut. Watts. The lips, however, arrived at China in a tolerable state of health with little lofs : their thort stay at Tinian had greatly refreshed them.

A Sup

A Supplement to the natural history is added : among the birds we may remark the red-houldered parrakeet, the New Holland caffowary, and the white gallinuk, as non-descripts, and probably new species. Among the animals, the kanguroo rat, the black flying opossum, analogous to the flying squirrel, the dog, and the laced lizard, is at least uncommon if not new. Some particulars relating to the dog we shall extract. It has nearly the shape of a fox-dog, is a little less than two feet high, and two feet and a half long, of a pale brown, growing lighter towards the belly; the feet white.

• It has much of the manners of the dog, but is of a very favage nature, and not likely to change in this particular. It laps like cther dogs, but neither barks nor grow is if vexed and teized ; instead of which, it erects the hairs of the whole body like brilles, and seems furious : it is very eage r after its prey, and is fond of rabbits or chickens, raw, but will not touch dressed meat. From its fierceness and agility it has greatly the advantage of other animals much fuperior in tize; tor a very tine French fox-dog being put to it, in a moment it seized him by the loios, and would have foon put an end to his existence, had not help been at hand. With the utmost ease it is able to leap over the back of an ass, and was very near worrying one to death, having fastened on it, so that the creature was not able to difengage himseli without alliance; it has been also known to run down both deer and sheep.–There are two now alive in England.'

Among the fish we perceive two species of sharks.-The thermometer is usually from 800 to 50°; it has been at 982 and 82° as well as down to 33o. No barometer seems to have been carried. - In the Appendix the routes of different ships, and the names of the convicts, are subjoined.

We have carefully avoided saying any thing relating to the ornaments of this work : it is beautifully printed, and the charts are truly valuable. We could have wiihed, however, for a general map on which the different tracks were laid down, from the Cape of Good Hope to Otaheite, and from the southernmost point of New South Wales to the Ladrone Islands. The other plates are of very different merits. Those of the objects of natural history, and particularly the birds, are well executed. The heads, except that of lieut. King, which would disgrace the meanest magazine, deserve praife. Every thing which relates to the views is fo badly represented, that we cannot find words to reprehend it. The drawer or the engraver would represent Grecian figures if he had known what they were ; at' present he has delineated a race which never inhabited any island of the Pacific or Indian ocean ; and the objects are so little discrimi

nated,

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