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[Insert from the New York Times OP-ED Friday, April 24, 1992—A35.]

IRAQ'S BOMB, CHIP BY CHIP

The U.S. Commerce Department licensed the following strategic American exports for Saddam Hussein's atomic weapon programs between 1986 and 1990. Virtually all of the items were shipped to Iraq; all are useful for making atomic bombs or long-range missiles. United Nations inspectors in Iraq are still trying to find most of them. The list is based on Commerce Department export licensing records; the dollar amount of each transaction is as claimed by the exporting company. It was compiled by Gary Milhollin, a law professor at the University of Wisconsin and director of the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, and Diana Edensword, a research analyst at the project.

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ATOMIC BOMB BUILDERS

Sales to: Iraqi Atomic Energy Commission, the main atomic research laboratory; Badr and Daura sites, where bomb fuel was made; Al Qaaaa site, where detonators were made.

Canberra Elektronlk: computers for measuring gamma rays and fast neutrons—

$30,000

Cerberus Ltd.: computers—$18,181

Hewlett Packard: computers; electronic testing, calibration and graphics equip

mentr—$25,000

International Computer Systems: computers useful for graphic design of atomic

bombs and missiles—$1,600,000

Perkln-Elmer: computers and instruments useful for quality control of bomb

fuels—$280,000

TI Coating Inc.: equipment for coating metal parts, useful for bomb production—

$373,708

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Data Guami Cm _!■ ■riim iiiiiiiimgs ir m»iiniiiif—1324.000

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:ixu mot Ttti—in sari—S3S7.428

Hewlett Packard: Iuihjiujws ir Trait-Tig mines; Iguueuiy i.'iilTi 1 ■ii-rn and other

Kcanon: -laefiu ir iiwsr-rtg jamavi miitar* ■- ».-ti—~ systems—

SUMELaOQ

BuiM-jacfl &at_- nniLinTgn—S3E3.J33

[ntematumai Cuuuuter ^yscenn: -mnrpuxeia in- -"«TM» ining tool <t««Jii 1 and

'■■— ■—<■—» Oihwiiij !'«.- .-_•-r.^r^-i^.- • **

[^tVoQiB VSC^IB SWVtB^HK -'*H|||7IIT^T' '''I'ITH^T W

gntrrrrgga inr mairmg

I nmin— Ciul 1*± -_3X anaayaeqc <aaaaat

zr-jes rr-:c' i-:-g num.-: ri= r«r^^-is:c3—:.

-mi-vj- -i—mA^f— jr Ill'JUT'Jr —m-mm

XVCS3 :cx tsanc rcc
Baaaaaa CaaeaiBf in _

izc powders 5^r *rj""1'" :c

Spectra Physics. '■■ 1 teacscc Ek tri.-i -g equipment far laser*—$19,000

Unisys Corpantaaae eaa

*~ild Mipiiui Ss**i--.e Sorsey. amuyas fia-aiai—11 L satellite Tmages that

are ssemu Sa-rn^itzr? =a?CL=g t=d sur^eCazcs—SZBMM

Zeta Labocatialia quartz crystals aar mursary -t.-.i-—f;. :.c X<

Missile BUILDOS

Sa>s to: Saad Ms the

okai Industry, the ScadaaasLe parti

BOM Corporation: computers: surercocaucc^g eiectrumes—$39,406

Cari Seheacfc computers—$10_22S
K2 Logje Data: Liiiiiliij-ii 1 $27.800

Kinnigan MAT: aaaaaasaaj that UJ». inspectors beheie aaiiiua ml mmuium enrich

zien: fcr atomic bomb fuel-—$4S3.0OO

Hewlett Packard: electronic testing equipment: eompaters: fi«|ueuL.i srntbnueis;

radio aaadraai analyiers—1698^57

International Computer Systeaac computers—$L37o.000

Internationa] Imagtng Systems: computers Cor aaaaaajaj sateCne data: mfrsxed

equipment mpahie 0? aerial reconaiasaace and military surveOIance—S6SS.000

Lummua Creat: computers to aid factory design—$44,320

Perkin-Elmer: computers—$24^60

Scientific Atlanta: equipment for producing radar antennas—f^T*.*?*1

_

Semetex Corporation: computers—$5,155,781

Spectral Data Corporation: satellite data processing equipment—$26,880
Tektronix: high-speed electronics useful in developing atomic bombs and missiles;
radio spectrum analyzers for developing microwave equipment—$102,000
Thermo Jarrell Ash Corporation: computers for testing materials—$350,898
Unisys Corporation: computers for production control—$7,796
Veeco Instruments Inc.: computers for factory design—$4,640
Wlltron Company: equipment for making radar antennas—$49,510

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