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Sales to: Ministry of Industry and Military Industrialization, which ran the atomic bomb, missile and chemical weapon factories; Nassr state enterprise, where equipment for enriching atomic bomb fuel was made; Salah Al Din site where electronic equipment for missiles and atomic bombs was made; Ministry of Defense, which oversaw missile and atomic bomb development. Axel Electronics: capacitors $84,000 BDM Corporation: computers; computer-assisted design equipment-$52,000 Canberra Elektronik: computers for computer-assisted design $21,552 Carl Zeiss: microcomputers for mapping_$104,545 Consarc Corporation: computers to run machine tools capable of manufacturing atomic bomb parts (this sale was stopped by Presidential order in June 1990 $525,550 Data General Corporation: computers for mapping- $324,000 Gerber Systems: computers to run machine tools capable of manufacturing atomic bomb and missile parts $367,428 Hewlett Packard: computers for making molds; frequency synthesizers and other equipment useful for operating secured military communications systems, $1,075,500 Honeywell Inc.: computers $353,333 International Computer Systems: computers for manufacturing, tool design and graphics $4,497,700 International Computers Ltd.: computers $687,994 Leybold Vacuum Systems: computer controlled welder used by Iraqis to produce centrifuges for making atomic bomb fuel-$1,400,000 Lummus Crest: Radio spectrum analyzers; design computers; computers for factories producing mustard gas ingredients $250,000 Rockwell Collins International: equipment for navigation, directional finding, radar communications or airborne communications $127,558 Sackman Associates: computers and instruments capable of analyzing metals and powders for atomic bomb and missile manufacture $60,000 Siemens Corporation: computers and instruments capable of analyzing metals and powders for atomic bomb and missile manufacture_$78,000 Spectra Physics: lasers; detection and tracking equipment for lasers $19,000 Unisys Corporation: computers $2,600,000 Wild Magnavox Satellite Survey: computers for processing satellite images that are useful for military mapping and surveillance $270,000 Zeta Laboratories: quartz crystals for military radar $1,105,000


Sales to: Saad 16, the main missile research site; State Organization for Tech-
nical Industry, the procurement organization for missile sites that bought most
Scud missile parts and equipment.
BDM Corporation: computers; superconducting electronics $29,406
Carl Schenck: computers $10,228
EZ Logic Data: computers $27,800
Finnigan MAT. computers that U.N. inspectors believe monitored uranium enrich-
ment for atomic bomb fuel-$483,000
Hewlett Packard: electronic testing equipment; computers; frequency synthesizers;
radio spectrum analyzers $699,257
International Computer Systems: computers $1,375,000
International Imaging Systems: computers for processing satellite data; infrared
equipment capable of aerial reconaissance and military surveillance - $688,000
Lummus Crest: computers to aid factory design-$44,320
Perkin-Elmer: computers $24,560
Scientific Atlanta: equipment for producing radar antennas $820,000

Semetex Corporation: computers$5,155,781
Spectral Data Corporation: satellite data processing equipment-$26,880
Tektronix: high-speed electronics useful in developing atomic bombs and missiles;
radio spectrum analyzers for developing microwave equipment_$102,000
Thermo Jarrell Ash Corporation: computers for testing materials_$350,898
Unisys Corporation: computers for production control_$7,796
Veeco Instruments Inc.: computers for factory design-$4,640
Wiltron Company: equipment for making radar antennas $49,510

[Insert from the New York Times, The Week in Review, Sunday, July 18, 1993– E5.)

IRAQ'S PURCHASES IN THE A-BOMB SUPERMARKET The Number of Deals The Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control has compiled a list of all the pub licly known deals in which Iraq bought technology and equipment for its nuclear and missile programs before the Persian Gulf war in 1991. Some purchases were made from brokers rather than directly from the manufacturer. A deal can mean construction of an entire factory, or supplying the machine tools or training to operate it. The vast majority of these deals were approved by or made through the governments.

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Breakdown of Iraq's purchases, weighted for importance to its nuclear and missile
programs, as estimated by the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. One ex-
ample: although France had only six transactions with the Iraqis, one was to build
the Osirak nuclear reactor, which Israel destroyed by bombing in 1981
Switzerland United States Soviet Union Saudi Arabia
8 percent
3.5 percent
2 percent

1.5 percent

5 percent
3 percent
1.5 percent

1.5 percent

West Germany
5 percent
2.5 percent
1.5 percent

50 percent Brazil Egypt

Portugal 4 percent 2.5 percent

1.5 percent Britain Belgium

Yugoslavia 3.5 percent 2 percent

1.5 percent (Source on all charts: Gary Milhollin and Diana L. Edensword, Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control.)

Types of technologies and equipment bought by Iraq from the five countries with the greatest
share of responsibility


Missile develop Missile develop Scud improve Equipment to in Missile develop ment


ment crease Scud range ment

Nuclear weapons Nuclear weapons Missile developScud launchers Nuclear weapons development, no development, no ment Nuclear weapons development tably plutonium tably Osirak re

Nuclear weapons extraction lab actor development Supergun

development oratories Missile develop

Supergun ment Warhead develop ment Supergun

BESFING LP TY SOLD MISSILE: WHO HELPED The Soviet Union sepeda Insy v Seni sis es ist had a range of 180 miles. They were used to beerberi sa ses at a matary ease in Saudi Arabia where 28 Americas sal diers were se ster Saten Ensses evaates že range to 380 miles. These companies and government agences jai sies. AUSTRIA

VEST GERMANY AVL Designed wi* * munsi in msale Asiage Bar Contor Supplied laboratory comples

augment Consulte Dergued sie umpies Aviatest Belt wind tunnels, supped eag. Alfred Fennekers Vanagat seers ir sissile comples missile fue.

Beaujean Developed and suppbed test BRAZIL

stands is missile propulsion HO Pivs Endrer, Orsita unet gis BP. Carl Zeiss, Degasus, Tesa Supplied in pocket tahavog supcial Assistance ing i mussale electronics, wind tunnels, BRITAIN

25+ šolines Internacional Computer Sesons Suppied Fritz Werner Subcontractor and supplier for coupures * te z

susside wmplex Internasiona Mikoy Services Design Gildemeister Contractor for missile comand supervised vescase si e missie 2- pies bineprints, sachine tools, furnaces, test ing comples Maorus Churdu Sugpied seurs sen

sants, como facilities

& E Metalform Supplied rocketry equip seve zene we's MEED interna en Frant vmpeny sent, interesi presses, testing plant for sue murement

misstie compie Techia Development Groep Frost Esvert Industrie Supplied material, equip Paar te ne rregent

mene, sist-eetsing pressure units TMG Exixeragines wmpazy i ma Heinrich Heeller Suppäed precision lathes clemezrendet

Losto Intermediary for delivery of compa SALDI ARABIA

zends to install oroscopes Saudi Arap Faewry Heipei suprix testLetteld Seppiedi cylindrical presses, rocket stand fx tezde pommes

motor wekies SOVIET UNION

Messersekritt-Bolkow-Blohme (MBB)
Sovies Governmek Seppied & east 819 Sederater for missile complex

MBB and Gildemeister Transferred AmerSWITZERLAND

un-nade wmputers, electronic test equip Condor Project Supervised construee of nissa fue prve site

18B and Transteetnica Helped build UNITED STATES

ar sucking station, roeket test stand for

missile empies Electronics Aspeiates Supriadi wapeta Nickel Seppised Sisate control technology system for misze wiad trasei International Imaging Systems Suped Sazer Informatie Supplied computer plant

for fuei sures & missile fuel production site imaging echaning equipment esçadie * *s sile targeting

or missile complex Litton Industries Finand West German

Sebaeftelmaier Suppläed electronic meas firm Gadensists, werd de las missie rement and testing instruments for missile

fisei procvatica complex Scientific Atlanta Suspbed antenna tasters

Siemens Seppäed switching devices, trans through West German örns) i misle ez

fornens, electrical systems to control missile

fuel production, equipped radio room at mispex

sie wmpies Tektronix Suppbed messering gepoest Thysses Contract for 305 turbopumps (supthrough West German irn MBB) to missile site

pied 35) WUtron Suppbed betwork analyzers used

Carl Zeiss Sappbed computerized mapping develop missale guidance



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