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- The bulk of the value of this approval was for case B353226,
valued at $264,000, which Commerce did not refer for external
review, despite the fact that the approval was in September 1988
after the establishment of the missile control list in April 1987.
- Commerce licensed this sale of dual-use military equipment to
a military end user without external review by the Defense
Department.

State Organization for Technical Industries (SOTI): Subdivision of
the Ministry of Defense. Commissioned the building and equipping of
DOT, a solid rocket motor production plant built as part of the Condor
Il project. Also procured, according to U.S. officials, equipment for

http://www.wisconsinproject.org/pubs/reports/1991/icensemd.html

11/19/2002

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Nassr State Enterprise for Mechanical Industries (or Nesser
Establishment for Mechanical Industries): Part of the Ministry of
Industry and Military Industrialization (MIMI), described above.
Nassr procured equipment for Project 1728, a SCUD modification
effort; was involved in Iraq's nuclear program; was the procurement
arm for Taji, a site used to produce chemical munitions; and,
according to Western intelligence documents, was "responsible for the
development and manufacture of gas centrifuges for uranium
enrichment."/16 Nassr also ran artillery ammunition plants; purchased
"high-capacity driving nozzles" for missiles from a German company;
may have been a part of the European procurement network run by
Iraqi front company TDG in London; was the main customer of
Matrix Churchill

, another Iraqi front company in England; and was linked to the Condor II intermediate-range missile project.

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1. Equipment for enhancing satellite images, including
computers (ECCN 1565) valued at $1 million and related
equipment (ECCN 4590) valued at $27,800.

- Commerce Department approved the related equipment
(ECCN 4590) in June 1985 without external review.

- This equipment enhances photographs taken by satellites. The
enhanced photos can be used to improve targeting by missiles or
aircraft, or for other reconnaissance objectives. The licensee,
International Imaging Systems of Milpitas, California, did not
ship the equipment approved in 1990. However, on two
previous occasions, International Imaging sent shipments to
Iraq. In 1981, an image processing system went to the Iraqi
Directorate General for Geological Survey and Mineral

http://www.wisconsinproject.org/pubs/reports/1991/licensemd.html

11/19/2002

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