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technical support and provide the interface with State and local public health entities and related private sector organizations.
There are numerous federal interagency coordination structures and several combined federal/state/local structures. As examples of the later, the Joint Terrorism Tasks Forces (JTTF) (FBI) will remain with the FBI and a new National JTTF (FBI) will be formed. But JTTFs are organized differently in various jurisdictions. And according to the national strategy, the responsibilities (for intelligence/information sharing with state and local law enforcement) of the U.S. Attorney Antiterrorism Task Forces (ATTFs) will shift to the DHS. The proliferation of such mechanisms will likely cause unnecessary duplication of effort. More importantly, the National Strategy calls on the Governors of the several states "to establish a single Homeland Security Task Force...to serve as [the] primary coordinating body with the federal government." But there is no similar single mechanism at the federal end.
Recommendation: That the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security review and recommend to the President, and that the President direct, a restructuring of interagency mechanisms to ensure better coordination within the federal government, and with states, localities, and the private sector, to avoid confusion and to reduce unnecessary expenditure of limited resources at all levels.
With the formation of the new DHS and other initiatives envisioned in the National Strategy, various statutory, regulatory, and other authorities (e.g., PDDs 37, 62, and 63) will be directly implicated. The Strategy appropriately calls for a review of legal authority for use of the military domestically. But there are other legal and regulatory issues that must be addressed, not the least of which are quarantine, isolation, mandatory vaccinations, and other prescriptive measures that may be called for in the event of a biological attack.
Recommendation: That the President direct the Attorney General to conduct a thorough review of applicable laws and regulations and recommend legislative changes before the opening of the next Congress.
The Congress is still poorly organized to address issues involving homeland security in a cohesive way. The House recently took the bold, necessary, but unfortunately only
temporary step of creating a special committee just to consider the proposal to create the Department of Homeland Security. Structures of that nature are required on a longer-term basis. Jurisdiction for various aspects of this issue continues to be scattered over dozens of committees and subcommittees. We therefore restate our prior recommendation with a modification:
Recommendation: That each House of the Congress establish a separate
Advisory Panel Members
The Honorable James S. Gilmore, III, Chair
L. Paul Bremer, Corporate Executive, and Former Ambassador-at-Large for Counter-Terrorism,
George Foresman, Assistant to the Governor for Commonwealth Preparedness, Commonwealth of Virginia
Michael Freemen, Chief, Los Angeles County Fire Department
William Garrison (Major General, U.S. Army, Retired), Corporate Executive, and Former Commander, U.S. Army
Ellen M. Gordon, Administrator, Emergency Management Division, Department of Public Defense,
James Greenleaf, Independent Consultant, and Former Associate Deputy for Administration, Federal
Dr. William Jenaway, Independent Consultant, and Chief of Fire and Rescue Services, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania
Paul M. Maniscalco, Past President, National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians, and Former Deputy
John O. Marsh, Jr., Attorney at Law, former Secretary of the Army, and former Member of Congress
M. Patricia Quinlisk, M.D., Medical Director/State Epidemiologist, Department of Public Health, State of Iowa
Patrick Ralston, Executive Director, Indiana State Emergency Management Agency; Executive Director, Department of
William Reno (Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, Retired), former Senior Vice President of Operations,
Joseph Samuels, Jr., Chief of Police, Richmond, California, and President, International Association of Chief of Police
Hubert Williams, President, The Police Foundation
John Hathaway, U.S. Department of Defense Representative
Y 4.AR 5/2 A: 2001-2002/ 49
[H.A.S.C. No. 107-49]
THE SAFETY, SECURITY, RELIABILITY,
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MILITARY PROCUREMENT SUBCOMMITTEE
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES
ONE HUNDRED SEVENTH CONGRESS
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