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The su 2115 HET of the OPENI
security bill and the President k or two, there will be a big Oval ake the additional steps as a Conization and the appropriation, that
doomed to failure. We currently mmittees that have a piece of the julepartment of Homeland Security. It have 88 committees and subcommitis going to be in itself a very difficult Agency. front of that, and we appreciate that. y of us in the Congress will be pushing. iy said he is going to consolidate the apat I think we have to do is based on the all have been putting forth, and that is zation process as well. .r being here. The gentleman from Mis
Gene Taylor, is not here. And he is very d in this issue. I am going to ask unaniin put whatever comments he wants in the distinguished ranking member, Mr. Skelton, erest in this area. k of their appearance here does not indicate erested. They are. I have had discussions with just, unfortunately, this two day period we are ning. We wanted to give you the chance to come ountry and present your outline during this very d, which is why we scheduled this hearing at this ie. But I want you to understand that our colsides of the aisle do want to work with the Comnt to continue their support, and appreciate the have been providing for us up until this point in
Governor, I will, without objection, place your entire the record, and you may use whatever time you might e get to questions.
T OF HON. JAMES S. GILMORE, III, CHAIRMAN, ADPANEL TO ASSESS DOMESTIC RESPONSE CAPABILI. OR TERRORISM INVOLVING WEAPONS OF MASS DETION, AND FORMER GOVERNOR, COMMONWEALTH OF VIA rnor GILMORE. Mr. Chairman, thank you very much for the unity to appear before you and Members of the subcommittee morning. I certainly recognize that there are some organiza
issues at work that are preventing some Members from here this morning. But, nonetheless, I appreciate your affordus the opportunity, and me the opportunity, to make this urd, which we believe will be useful for you and other leaders the Congress as you go forward in the days and the months lead. I want to thank you for the opportunity to be here. I certainly want to thank Congresswoman Davis for her presence here today,
poration has done this from the very beginning and continues to do so to this day.
Our first report issued in 1999 was an assessment of the threat. At that time, we assessed that there was less possibility of an attack by a weapon of mass destruction in this country, but the Commission's deliberations took the issue so seriously that we knew we could not take it off the table and that it had to be up on the public agenda for discussion.
On the other hand, we concluded that the chances of a conventional attack, the hijacking of a train, the hijacking of an airplane, the explosion of a bomb were very highly probable inside the homeland. This was not considered in 1999 to be something that was very much on the forefront of discussion at that time.
In the second year, in the year 2000, we did major policy work. We recommended that there be a national strategy. We pointed out that a Federal strategy is not a national strategy; that a national strategy requires people at the Federal, State, and local level to be coordinated in order to do proper preparation, prevention, and response. We recommended in that year of 2000 that there be a special committee, or consolidation of committees, within the Congress in order to be able to provide proper oversight in enabling legislation for any potential Federal effort, that there be emphasis on intelligence sharing, health care, and, above all, national standards so that we could begin to organize ourselves so that we were prepared to respond as a nation. Our focus was on State and local, health and medical, immigration and border in the third year, cyber security and the use of the military.
Mr. Chairman, if you—those who read our reports and the entire body of work over all these years, all will see a constant focus on the concern for the civil liberties of the people of the United States. The enemy would like to push this country into a position where we are so effective in our response that we begin to diminish what we are as Americans, and so there has been a constant concern for this issue. The introductory letter in the second report, in the year 2000, focuses on this very much.
With that preliminary, Mr. Chairman, the current deliberations that we are doing in Year four, we are just about to complete our work. In the report that we are publishing on December 15th, we will focus chapters on the strategy and structure necessary for the government to be in a position to respond-in short, the national strategy, the types of organizational efforts that have to be made, the use of the military, health and medical, critical infrastructure protection, and agroterrorism. Those are the concerns that I think our Commission is focusing on right now.
With respect to the issue of strategy and structure of government, I have a bit of an announcement to make in this forum this morning, because the Congress yesterday has just passed the Department of Homeland Security bill; and it is going to require further discussions in organization, and in the weeks ahead, additional legislation will no doubt come forward.
We have concluded that we wish to release the principal recommendations in the area of strategy and structure today to the Congress in our advisory capacity. A copy of that is at the desks of the Members, and I know that the staff people will make it a Congresswoman from my home State of Virginis to me and Roxanne, and someone that we rely on v.
So, thank you very much, Congresswoman, for be
Mr. Chairman, as of course you know, and for Commission that we have, that has been estab! mission on—this advisory Commission to the C ism, weapons of mass destruction, and domestic ties, was established by you, your leadership a mittee, all the way back in January of 1999 think the Chairman said, the thought was si but the truth was that the Congress and pa ship that you provide was very concerned abı and ability to respond to a terrorist atta Commission was established.
We, by statute, are required to report De We, in fact, did report on December 15th and completed all of our work and sent to utory report to be published on Decembe late August, when of course the Septes Then under your proposal, your leader tended an additional two years. We ar man, on the end of the fourth year. year to go under the present status
I want to thank you very much f. fied before your committee before. been the person who has really fr. man Weldon, and I want to tha ship in this. We look to you as these critical issues, particula a national strategy.
The panel composition, as that is traditional in Wash typical blue ribbon commis working men and women these issues each and er fire, police, rescue, emerg local leadership, people general officers, a very to deal with many of th
Ray Downey was a leader of the New Yo this Commission, an on the World Trade stood in the place o or who have passe continues to be ve
We have point approaches wor! issues that have more technolog that must bed of the RAND search or
poration has done the
», emergency services so to this day.
at work. Our first regn. *
ne National Guard, and At that time we
people from the commutack by a weapii O MES B
| fact that becomes necmission's deageer
of course with specialty could not take i file
ng in the regular military agenda for sasa
e believe that this is the On the one han
id feeling of the American tional attack.
ind not to overreact by too the explosio & ports
of the military. land. This was the
1 health and medical issues, very much as die idee
ior a bioterrorism attack. We In the secunt : 2
utical stockpile usage, we are We recommend te z
e focused our attention on the that a Federa se
es to be prepared for bioterrorstrategy regurs D. coordinated in onze i
are a lot of concerns about this sponse. We 2
Congress on December 15th, parcial commer
al reimbursement for any types of in order to ik :
es, localities, private sector, for imtion for alt telligence size
there needs to be constant interoperso that we SE.
particularly telecommunications. I pared to es health ani meru
that are before the Federal Communica3
ght now and before the Committees of cyber secut I Mr. Charts
iectrum and the ability to distribute that body of wii
as to enhance inter operability_Federal, the concert te
at, we are focusing a great deal of attention
i of the critical infrastructure is in private we are se efects we are fer
rical companies, water companies—critical, foe if there is a major attack—will need to be y communicate as well.
rns that we are bringing forward, including i the need to be prepared to maintain the food ne case of a major attack. 1, the second issue that I would bring forward today the Committee has asked us to specifically address, equipment needed, and policies and procedures and ity of entities and common training requirements. It
essential issue that we still have to answer, Mr. Chairour Car
nation, and that is, what is readiness? Until we define
is and we understand the level of risk that inevitably we n, only then can we begin to focus our attention on what sary to reduce that risk to a minimum while maintaining vil liberties. That is the principal policy goal that the Conand the administration will need to reach towards. uw do we best set our priorities? Mr. Chairman, it is not pos· to buy everything that people want to sell to the government. hody is coming forward with systems; some work and some
ut most do work and most do enhance security, but it will ssible to do everything. So we have to define what the pri
this issue 2000, focuse
With the that we are work in the will focus goverTIME strates the the met protect