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Improving Security Against Cyber Attacks and enhancing related critical infrastructure protection to guard essential government, financial, energy, and other critical sector operations against attack; and

Clarifying the Roles and Missions for Use of the Military for providing critical and appropriate emergency response and law enforcement related support to civilian authorities.

Mister Chairmen, I should note that the substance of all of the recommendations

contained in the third report were approved by the panel at its regular meeting held on

August 27 and 28, 2001—Tuesday the 28th being exactly two weeks prior to the attacks

of September 11. Although we thoroughly reviewed those recommendations

subsequently, the panel unanimously agreed that all were valid and required no

supplementation prior to publication.

The recommendations contained in that report, listed below in summary form, are

discussed in detail in the body of the report, and further supported by material in the

report appendices, especially the information from the nationwide survey of State and

local responders covering an array of preparedness and response issues.

State and Local Response Capabilities

Increase and accelerate the sharing of terrorism-related intelligence and threat assessments Design training and equipment programs for all-hazards preparedness Redesign Federal training and equipment grant programs to include sustainment components Increase funding to States and localities for combating terrorism Consolidate Federal grant program information and application procedures Design Federal preparedness programs to ensure first responder participation, especially volunteers Establish an information clearinghouse on Federal programs, assets, and agencies Configure Federal military response assets to support and reinforce existing structures and systems

Health and Medical Capabilities

Implement the AMA Recommendations on Medical Preparedness for Terrorism
Implement the JCAHO Revised Emergency Standards
Fully resource the CDC Biological and Chemical Terrorism Strategic Plan
Fully resource the CDC Laboratory Response Network for Bioterrorism

Fully resource the CDC Secure and Rapid Communications Networks
Develop standard medical response models for Federal, State, and local levels
Reestablish a pre-hospital Emergency Medical Service Program Office
Revise current EMT and PNST training and refresher curricula
Increase Federal resources for exercises for State and local health and medical entities
Establish a government-owned, contractor-operated national vaccine and therapeutics

facility Review and recommend changes to plans for vaccine stockpiles and critical supplies Develop a comprehensive plan for research on terrorism-related health and medical

issues Review MMRS and NDMS authorities, structures, and capabilities Develop an education plan on the legal and procedural issues for health and medical

response to terrorism Develop on-going public education programs on terrorism causes and effects

Immigration and Border Control

Create an intergovernmental border advisory group
Fully integrate all affected entities into local or regional “port security committees”
Ensure that all border agencies are partners in intelligence collection, analysis, and

Create, provide resources for, and mandate participation in a “Border Security

Awareness" database system
Require shippers to submit cargo manifest information simultaneously with

shipments transiting U.S. borders Establish “Trusted Shipper” programs Expand Coast Guard search authority to include U.S. owned—not just “flagged"

vessels Expand and consolidate research, development, and integration of sensor, detection,

and warning systems Increase resources for the C.S. Coast Guard for homeland security missions Negotiate more comprehensive treaties and agreements for combating terrorism with

Canada and Mexico

Cyber Security

Include private and State and local representatives on the interagency critical

infrastructure advisory panel Create a commission to assess and make recommendations on programs for cyber

security Establish a government funded, not-for-profit entity for cyber detection, alert, and

warning functions Convene a “summit” to address Federal statutory changes that would enhance cyber

assurance Create a special “Cyber Court” patterned after the count established in FISA Develop and implement a comprehensive plan for cyber security research,

development, test, and evaluation


Use of the Military

Establish a homeland security under secretary position in the Department of Defense Establish a single unified command and control structure to execute all military

support to civil authorities Develop detailed plans for the use of the military domestically across the spectrum of

potential activities Expand training and exercises in relevant military units and with Federal, State, and

local responders Direct new mission areas for the National Guard to provide support to civil

authorities Publish a compendium of statutory authorities for using the military domestically to

combat terrorism Improve the military full-time liaison elements in the ten Federal Emergency

Management Agency region

Status of Our Recommendations

Mr. Chairman and Members, I can tell you that, according to our most recent

count, of the 79 major policy recommendations mad by the Advisory Panel to date, 64

have now been adopted in whole or in major part. Having said that, there are others that

continue to need to be addressed, and some that could still use additional resources or

policy direction.

Our Current Deliberations

Mr. Chairman, as we sit here today, the Congress has once again taken up

consideration of the creation of a Department of Homeland Security. At the same time,

the intelligence committees of each House are putting together a report, flowing from the

recent Joint Inquiry of those committees, which will, perhaps, contain major

recommendations with respect to the structure, laws, and procedures of the Intelligence

Community for combating Terrorism. In addition, the Congress is attempting to

complete action on appropriations bills for the current fiscal year, which if enacted will

contain significant additional funding to address some of these issues, especially for

supporting the efforts of State and local responders.

In the midst of all that, the Advisory Panel is crafting and putting the finishing

touches on significant policy recommendations in several key areas:

• Strategy and Structure

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In addition, that report will contain an update of the comprehensive threat assessment contained in the Panel's First Annual Report, as well as a set of

recommendations on the nature and sources of the resources necessary to fund the

national efforts to combat terrorism.

Recommendations for the Fourth Annual Report

Strategy and Structure

Mr. Chairman and Members, I have a bit of an announcement to make in this

forum. Because the Congress in considering the new Department of Homeland Security,

the Advisory Panel decided at its meeting last week to release its principal recommendations in this area in advance of the publication of its full report in December. We have done so in the hope that those recommendations may help to inform the current

debate. Briefly, the “Strategy and Structure” Chapter recommends:

That the President create an entity that will become the all-source fusion and analysis center for potential terrorists attacks inside the United States from foreign terrorists and their supporters. That center would also house, in a separate component, the intelligence collection against such terrorists currently in the FBL.

That more comprehensive assessments of threats to the homeland be developed

That the new DHS have the necessary capability and authority to perform the critical infrastructure vulnerability and warning functions envisioned in its enabling legislation

• That the President clearly define the responsibilities of DHS and other federal

entities before, during, and after an attack has occurred, especially any authority for directing the activities of other federal agencies

That the President direct a restructuring of the Federal interagency mechanisms to ensure better coordination within the federal government, and with states, localities, and the private sector, to avoid confusion and to reduce unnecessary expenditure of limited resources at all levels

And to repeat an earlier recommendation of the panel:

That each House of the Congress establish a separate authorizing committee and related appropriation subcommittee with jurisdiction over Federal programs and authority for Combating Terrorism/Homeland Security.

Copies of that advance document have been made available to Members; and I would ask

respectfully that the Chair entertain a request to include that document in the official

record along with my testimony. I will be happy to address any questions that Members

may have concerning those recommendations.

Use of the Military

The panel continues to address issues involving the use of the military inside the

United States for various responses to terrorism. In its next report, the panel will make

recommendations dealing with:

Command and control issues involving the new U.S. Northern Command

Developing more comprehensive, coordinated process to identify the potential needs of States and localities, as well as other Federal agencies, for military support against terrorist attacks


Additional authority for use of the National Guard in a Title 32 status

New roles and missions for certain National Guard units

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