A School Compendium of Natural and Experimental Philosophy: Embracing the Elementary Principles of Mechanics, Hydrostatics, Hydraulics, Pneumatics, Acoustics, Pyronomics, Optics, Electricity, Galvanism, Magnetism, Electro-magnetism, Magneto-electricity, and Astronomy. Containing Also a Description of the Steam and Locomotive Engines, and of the Electro-magnetic Telegraph

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A.S. Barnes & Company, 1856 - 470 pages
 

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Page 309 - Levi Woodbury, then Secretary of the Treasury, issued a circular requesting information in regard to the propriety of establishing a system of telegraphs for the United States, to which Professor Morse replied, giving an account of his invention, its proposed advantages and probable expense.
Page 325 - Venus, a pea on a circle 284 feet in diameter ; the Earth also a pea, on a circle of 430 feet ; Mars, a rather large pin's head, on a circle of 654 feet...
Page 297 - It consists of a bar of soft iron, bent into the form of a horse-shoe, and wound with twenty-six strands of copper bell-wire, covered with cotton threads, each thirty-one feet long; about eighteen inches of the ends are left projecting, so that only, twenty-eight feet of each actually surround the iron. The aggregate length of the coils is therefore 728 feet. Each strand is wound on a little less than an inch : in the middle of the horse-shoe it forms three thicknesses of wire ; and on the ends,...
Page 331 - E to A, from A to B, from B to C, and from C to...
Page 36 - B it receives in return a blow equal to that which it gave, but in a contrary direction, and its motion is thereby stopped, or, rather, given to B. Therefore, when a body strikes against another, the quantity of motion communicated to the second body is lost by the first; but...
Page 69 - That is, if the circumference of the wheel be six times the circumference of the axle, then a power of one pound applied at the wheel will balance a power of six pounds on the axle.
Page 180 - The trunk of an elephant, that can pick up a pin, or rend an oak, is as nothing to it. It can engrave a seal, and crush masses of obdurate metal...
Page 266 - The process usually adopted for obtaining galvanic electricity is, to place between two plates of different kinds of metal a fluid capable of exerting some chemical action on one of the plates, while it has no action, or a different action, on the other. A communication is then formed between the two plates.
Page 332 - The third law teaches that, in the motion of the planets, the squares of the times of revolution are as the cubes of the mean distances from the sun...
Page 123 - ... vapors and exhalations from the earth, which float in it, and act in some degree as a covering, which preserves us equally from the intensity of the sun's rays, and from the severity of the cold.

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