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low thee the only God, through Jesus Christ our Lord.
For St. Matthew the Apostle. Almighty Ò God, who by thy blessed Son didst call Matthew from the receipt of custom, to be an Apostle and Evangelist; Grant us grace to forsake all covetous desires, and inordinate love of riches, and to follow the same thy Son Jesus Christ; who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
COMMUNION. Almighty God, unto whom all hearts be open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid; Cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy Holy Spirit; that we may perfectly love thee, and worthily magnify thy holy name, through Christ our Lord.
PUBLIC BAPTISM OF INFANTS. Then shall the Priest speak unto the Godfathers and Godmothers on this wise......I demand, therefore, Dost thou, in the name of this child, renounce the devil and all his works, the vain pomp and glory of the world, with all covetous désires of the same, and the carnal desires of the flesh, so that thou will not follow, nor be led by them? Answer. I renounce them all.
Then shall the Priest say, O merciful God, grant that the old Adam in this child may be so buried that the new man may be raised up in him. Amen.
Grant that all carnal affections may die in him,
and that all things belonging to the Spirit may live and grow in him. Amen.
CATECHISM. Question. What did fathers and Godmothers then for you?
Answer. They did promise and vow three things in my name: First, that I should renounce the devil and all his works, the pomps and vanity of this wicked world, and all the sinful lusts of the flesh:......
Quest. What is thy duty towards thy neighbour?
Answ. My duty towards my neighbour, is to love him as myself, and to do to all men as I would they should do unto me:... .Not to covet, nor desire other men's goods; but to learn and labour truly to get mine own living, and to do my duty in that state of life unto which it shall please God to call me.
From the Thirty-nine Articles.
Of Christian Men's Goods, which are not
The riches and goods of Christians are not common, as touching the right, title, and posses
sion of the same, as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man ought, of such things as he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor according to his ability.
HOMILY 6. Of Christian Love and Charity.
HOMILY 11. Of Alms-deeds.
The Ninth and Tenth Commandments, good children, be, as it were, brief commentaries and expositions of the other Commandments, that were spoken of before. For they declare unto us, that it is not enough to keep the former Commandments in outward works, and not to hurt our neighbour, neither in his body, wife, goods, fame, name, or estimation; but they declare also, that we ought not to covet or desire any
thing that is our neighbour's. And they teach us also that evil lusts and carnal desires, (which lurk in the secret corners of our hearts) are sins for the which we should be for ever damned, if God should render unto us after justice, and not after his mercy. Wherefore, good children, you shall here learn, that evil lusts and appetites, which come unto us even from our first father Adam, be sins, and that no man or woman, no not infants in their mother's wombs, do live without such lusts and appetites. For the which cause all men are sinners, and there is not one man innocent before God; according to the saying of St. Paul, "All men have sinned, and have need of the glory of God." To the which agreeth the Prophet David, saying, "All men and women have erred out of the right way; there is none that doeth good, no not one." For this we feel in ourselves and prove by experience, that naturally we be full of ill desires and lusts. For we delight in things that be pleasant to the flesh, and abhor all things that be displeasant to the same.......
Wherefore, good children, forasmuch as we know that concupiscence, lust, or longing, is sin, we ought to eschew and bridle it (as much as we may) by God's grace. And it is our part chiefly to take heed, that we consent not to the request of our lusts, nor fulfil in outward act the desires of the flesh. And that you may the better attain to the understanding of this Commandment, I will declare unto you the other words of this
Commandment, "Thou shalt not desire thy neighbour's house."
Where you shall note, that this word "house," doth not only signify the house, wherein men do dwell, but it betokeneth all the whole household, and the whole state of the householder, and all things that belong unto him. Sometimes it is taken for a stock or kindred. As when we say, "He and I come out of one house," meaning thereby that we be both of one stock or kindred. Wherefore this is the perfect sense of this Commandment. When thy neighbour is a nobleman born, and hath goodly manners, great cupboards of plate, costly hangings of cloth of arras, great plenty of riches, and abundance of all things, as appertain to such an household, then thou shalt not desire his house, that is to say, thou shalt in no wise wish that he might lose any of these things, to the intent that thou mightest have them. Nor covetousness or worldly desire ought not so to ravish thy mind, that thou wouldest be in the state of life that he is in, but let that kind of living please thee, whereunto it hath please God to call thee. Wherefore, good children, learn without book (I pray you) this short lesson, and put it daily in execution, "covet not," nor long not for a more noble or wealthy state than God hath already given unto you. But let every man be content with his progeny, office, calling, state, and degree; for so ye shall please God, and obey his will.
Furthermore, they break this Commandment