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6 Weak and wicked enthusiasts like you can never accomplish their wild designs.")

5. I appeal to the immaculate God, to the throne of heaven, before which I must shortly appear, to the blood of the murdered patriots who have gone before, that my conduct has been, through all this peril, and through all my purposes, governed only by the convictions which I have uttered, and by no other view than that of the emancipation of my country from the superinhuman oppression under which she has so long and too patiently travailed; and that I confidently and assuredly hope, that, wild and chimerical as it may appear, there is still union and strength in Ireland to accomplish this noblest enterprise. Of this I speak with the confidence of intimate knowledge, and with the consolation that appertains to that confidence.

6. Think not, my lords, I say this for the petty gratification of giving you a transitory uneasiness; a man who never yet raised his voice to assert a lie, will not hazard his character with posterity by asserting a falsehood on a subject so important to his country, and on an occasion like this. Yes, my lords, a man who does not wish to have his epitaph written until his country is liberated, will not leave a weapon in the power of envy, nor a pretence to impeach the probity which he means to preserve even in the grave to which tyranny consigns him. Again I say that what I have spoken was not intended for your lordships,-whose situation I commiserate rather than envy: my expressions were for my countrymen; if there is a true Irishman present, let my last words cheer him in the hour of his affliction

(Here he was interrupted by the court.)

7. I have always understood it to be the duty of a judge, when a prisoner has been convicted, to pronounce the sentence of the law; I have also understood the judges sometimes think it them duty to hear with patience, and to speak with humanity,- to ex. hort the victim of the laws, and to offer with tender benignity their opinions of the motives by which he was actuated in the crime of which he had been adjudged guilty. That a judge has thought it his duty so to have done, I have no doubt; but where is the boasted freedom of your institutions, where is the vaunted impartiality, clemency, and mildness of your courts of justice, if an unfortunate prisoner, whom your policy and not your justice is about to deliver into the hands of the executioner, is not suffered to explain his motives sincerely and truly, and to vindicate the principles by which he was actuated ?

8. My lords, it may be a part of the system of angry justice to bow a man's mind by humiliation to the proposed ignominy of the scaffold; but worse to me than the proposed shame, or the

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scaffold's terrors, would be the shame of such foul and unfounded imputations as have been laid against me in this court. You, my lord, are a judge; I am the accused culprit: I am a man; you are a man also. By a revolution of power we might change places, though we never could characters. If I stand at the bar of this court and dare not vindicate my character, how dare you calumniate it? Does the sentence of death, which your unhallowed policy inflicts on my body, also condemn my tongue to silence, and my reputation to reproach?

9. Your exécutioner may abridge the period of my existence, but while I exist, I shall not forbear to vindicate my character and motives from your aspersions; and, as a man to whom fame is dearer than life, I will make the last use of that life in doing justice to that reputation which is to live after me, and which is the only legacy I can leave to those I honor and love, and for whom I am proud to perish. As men, my lords, we must appear on the great day at one common tribunal; and it will then remain for the Searcher of all hearts to show a collected universe who was engaged in the most virtuous actions, or actuated by the purest motives,—by the country's oppressors, or- (Here Lord Norbury said, "Listen, sir, to the sentence of the law.")

10. My lords, shall a dying man be denied the legal privilege of exculpating himself in the eyes of the community of an undeserved reproach thrown upon him during his trial, by charging him with ambition and attempting to cast away, for a paltry consideration, the liberties of his country? Why did your lordships insult me-or, rather, why insult justice-in demanding of me why sentence of death should not be pronounced? I know, my lord, that form prescribes that you should ask the question ; the form also presumes the right of answering. This, no doubt, may be dispensed with, and so might the whole ceremony of the trial, since sentence was already pronounced at the castle before your jury was empanneled. Your lordships are but the priests of the oracle, and I submit; but I insist on the whole of the forms. (Here Mr. Emmett paused, but was told by the court to proceed.)


EMMETT’S VINDICATION.-(Concluded.) 1. I AM charged with being an emissary of France. An emissary of France !--and for what end? It is alleged I wish to



sell the independence of my country. And for what end ? this the object of my ambition? And is this the mode by whicb a tribunal of justice reconciles contradictions ? No! I am emissary; and my ambition was to hold a place among the deliverers of my country,—not in power, nor in profit, but in the glory of the achievement. Sell my country's independence to France ! And for what? Was it for a change of masters ? No; but for ambition. O my country! was it personal ambition that could influence me? Had it been the soul of my actions, could I not, by my education and fortune, by the rank and consideration of my family, have placed myself among the proudest of my oppressors ?

2. My country was my idol : to it I sacrificed every selfish, every endearing sentiment; and for it I now offer up my life. O God! No, my lord ! I acted as an Irishman, determined on delivering my country from the yoke of a foreign and unrelenting tyranny, and from the more galling yoke of a domestic faction. It was the wish of my heart to extricate my country from this doubly-riveted despotism. I wished to place her independence beyond the reach of any power on earth. " I wished to exalt her to that proud station in the world which she is destined to occupy.

3. Connection with France was, indeed, intended; but only as far as mutual interest would sanction or require. Were the French to assume any authority inconsistent with the purest independence, it would be the signal for their destruction. We sought aid; and we sought it as we had assurance we should obtain it,-as auxiliaries in war, and allies in peace. Were the French to come as invaders or enemies, uninvited by the wishes of the people, I would meet them on the beach with a sword in one hand and a torch in the other. I would meet them with all the destructive fury of war, and I would animate you, my countrymen, to immolate them in their boats before they had contaminated the soil of my country.

4. If they succeeded in landing, and if forced to retire before superior discipline, I would dispute every inch of ground, burn every blade of grass, and the last intrenchment of liberty should be my grave.

What I could not do myself, if I should fall, I would leave as a last charge to my countrymen to accomplish; because I should feel conscious that life is unprofitable when a foreign nation holds my country in subjection. But it was not as an enemy that the succors of France were to land. I looked indeed, for the assistance of France; but I wished to prove to France and to the world, that Irishmen deserved to be assisted;

that they were indignant at slavery, and ready to assert the independence and liberty of their country!

5. I wished to procure for my country the guarantee which Washington procured for America,—to procure an aid whose example would be as important as its valor,-allies disciplined, gallant, pregnant with science and experience; who would perceive the good and polish the rough points of our character; who would come to us as strangers, and leave us as friends, after sharing our perils, and elevating our destiny. These were my objects; not to receive new taskmasters, but to expel old tyrants.. These were my views, and these only became Irishmen. It was for these ends I sought aid from France,- because France, even as an enemy, could not be more implacable than the enemy already in the bosom of my country.

6. I have been charged with that importance, in the efforts to emancipate my country, as to be considered the keystone of the combination of Irishmen, or, as your lordship expressed it, "the life and blood of the conspiracy.” You do me honor overmuch. You have given to the subaltern all the credit of a superior. There are men engaged in this conspiracy who are not only superior to me, but even to your own conceptions of yourself, my lord, -men before the splendor of whose genius and virtues I should bow with respectful deference, and who would think themselves dishonored to be called your friends, who would not disgrace themselves by shaking your blood-stained hand.

7. What, my lord ! shall you tell me, on the passage to the scaffold which tyranny has erected for my murder, that I am accountable for all the blood that has been and will be shed in this struggle of the oppressed against the oppressor? Shall you tell me this, and must I be so very a slave as not to repel it? (Here he was interrupted.) I do not fear to approach the Omnipotent Judge, to answer for the conduct of my whole life: and am I to be appalled and falsified by a mere remnant of mortality here? By you too, who, if it were possible to collect all the innocent blood you have shed, in your unhallowed minis. try, in one great reservoir, your lordship might swim in it! (Here the judge interfered.)

8. Let no man dare, when I am dead, to charge me with dis honor! Let no man attaint my memory by believing that I could have engaged in any cause but that of my country's liberty and independence, or that I could have become the pliant minion of power in the oppression or the miseries of my countrymen The proclamation of the provisional government speaks for our views: no inference can be tortured from it to countenance barbarity or debasement at home, or subjection, humiliation, or

treachery from abroad. I would not have submitted to a foreign oppressor, for the same reason that I would resist the present domestic tyrant. In the dignity of freedom would have fought on the threshold of my country; and its enemy should only enter by passing over my lifeless corpse.

9. And am I, who lived but for my country, and who have subjected myself to the dangers of the jealous and watchful oppressor, and the bondage of the grave, only to give my countrymen their rights, and my country her independence,-am I to be - loaded with calumny, and not suffered to resent or repel it? No! God forbid! If the spirits of the illustrious dead participate in the concerns and cares of those who are dear to them in this transitory life; O ever dear and venerated shade of my departed father, look down with scrutiny upon the conduct of your suffering son, and see if I have ever, for a moment, deviated from those principles of morality and patriotism, which it was your care to instil into my youthful mind, and for which I am now to offer up my life.

10. My lords, you are impatient for the sacrifice. The blood which you seek is not congealed by the artificial terrors that surround your victim; it circulates warmly and unruffled, through the channels which God created for nobler purposes, but which you are bent to destroy for purposes so grievous that they cry to Heaven. Be yet patient.

I have but a few words more to say. I am going to my cold and silent grave: my lamp of life is nearly extinguished; my race is run; the grave opens to receive me, and I sink into its bosom.

11. I have but one request to make at my departure from this world. It is the charity of its silence! Let no man write my epitaph; for, as no man who knows my motives dare now vindicate them, let not prejudice or ignorance asperse

them. Let them and me repose in obscurity and peace,


tomb remain uninscribed, until other times and other men can do justice to my character. When my country takes her place among the nations of the earth, then, and not till then, let my epitaph be written! I have done.

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