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BEFORE THE

HEARINGS Government fusteria
V.S, Congress. House,

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES
IN THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 2202
A BILL TO FSTABLISH A NATIONAL POLICY AND PROGRAM
FOR ASSURING CONTINUING FULL EMPLOYMENT IN A
FREE COMPETITIVE ECONOMY, THROUGH THE CON-
CERTED EFFORTS OF INDUSTRY, AGRICULTURE,
LABOR, STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS,

AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

SEPTEMBER 25, 26, 27, 28, OCTOBER 2, 9, 10, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 24,

25, 26, 29, 30, 31, AND NOVEMBER 1, 5, AND 7, 1945

Printed for the use of the Committee on Expenditures in the

Executive Departments

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, A/52

1945

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS

CARTER MANASCO, Alabama, Chairman JOHN J. COCHRAN, Missouri

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan WILLIAM M. WHITTINGTON, Mississippi GEORGE H. BENDER, Ohio EDWARD J. HART, New Jersey

RALPH E. CHURCH, Illinois JOSEPH J. MANSFIELD, Texas

WALTER H. JUDD, Minnesota WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois

CHARLES M. LAFOLLETTE, Indiana DONALD O'TOOLE, New York

ROBERT F. RICH, Pennsylvania
JOHN S. GIBSON, Georgia

HENRY H. LATHAM, New York
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia ROBERT K. HENRY, Wisconsin
ALFRED J. ELLIOTT, California
ED GOSSETT, Texas
JOE W. ERVIN, North Carolina
ALEXANDER J. RESA, Illinois

WILLIAM A. Young, Clerk
11

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439

99

ACT, Full Employment:

Page

H. R. 2202

1

H. R. 4181-

7

S. 380.-

4

American Legion---

1132 vi!

Anderson, Hon. Clinton P., Secretary of Agriculture_

1047

Anderson, Joseph P., American Association of Social Workers_

171

Arnall, Governor Ellis-

1128

Ball, Dr. Carleton, Congregational Christian Churches.-

237

Benson, Dr. George, President, Harding College---

503

Bradley, Gen. Omar N., Administrator of Veterans' Affairs-

513

Brown, Col. Millard D., President, Continental Mills

7994

>Buffalo Chamber of Commerce---

1128

Carpenter, Herbert L., Commerce & Industry Association of New York

295

('owan, Nathan E. Legislative Director, (IO.-

3471

Crawford, Frederick C., President, Thompson Products.

761

Davis, John H., National ('ouncil of Farmers Cooperatives.

1146

Donnelly, James L., Illinois Manufacturers Association.

705

Eaʻon, Charles E., Jr., President, National Association State Chambers of

Commerce

Flanders, Ralph E., Committee for Economic Development.

591 L
Friedman, Elisha M..

1147
5. Albert S., Master National Grange
"" "tings, Hudson, Professor of Economics, Yale University-

669
itt, Henry, American Enterprise Association -

192

1. aderson, Donald, Agricultural Workers Union...

1129

wes, Thomas

255
wines, Lewis G., Legislative Representative, A. F. of L-

391

Ingraham, Mrs. Henry A., Y. W. C. A.

1138

Kane, Joseph W., Detroit Board of Commerce_

628
King, Williford I., Committee for Constitutional Government-

130
La Follette, Charles M., Representative_--

719
Levy, Austin T., President, Harrisville Combing Mills..

287
Lewis, John L., I'nited Mine Workers of America.-

1142
Lonigan, Edna, Economist, Brooklyn College -

1120

Lucey, Most Reverend Robert E., Archbishop of San Antonio--

1139

Mec'ormack, Representative John W..

1119

McHale, E. J., American Veterans Committee.

317

Marston, Dr. R. B., National Education Association--

148

Milliman, E. E., Railroad Brotherhood.

539

Mosher, Ira, National Association of Manufacturers.

547

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People-

1136

National Catholic Welfare Conference_

1156

National Council of Jewish Women.--

1135
Ogg, A. S., American Farm Bureau Federation

738
Outland, Representative George E.
Patman, Representative Wright A.

35, 105
Rice, Millard, Disabled American Veterans.-

238
Schramm, James S., Manager, Co-owner Schramm Co-

205
>Schwellenbach, Hon. Lewis B., Secretary of Labor---

1089
Schultz, Dr. Arch D., Ohio State Chamber of Commerce-

533
Scott, Thomas J., Veteran World War II.-----

145

Shoup, Paul, Merchants & Manufacturers Association..

1160

Smith, Representative Frederick C..

1051
Smith, Harold, Director of the Budget.

58

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FULL EMPLOYMENT ACT OF 1945

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1945

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS,

Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Carter Manasco (chairman) presiding

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. We have met this morning for the consideration of H. R. 2202, which will be printed in the record at this point. (The bills are as follows:)

[H. R. 2202, 79th Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To establish a national policy and program for assuring continuing full employ

ment in a free competitive economy, through the concerted efforts of industry, agriculture, labor, State and local governments, and

the Federal Government Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this act may be cited as the “Full Employment Act of 1945."

DECLARATION OF POLICY

Sec. 2. The Congress hereby declares that

(a) It is the policy of the United States to foster free competitive enterprise and the investment of private capital in trade and commerce, and in the development of the natural resources of the United States;

(b) All Americans able to work and seeking work have the right to useful, remunerative, regular, and full-time employment, and it is the policy of the United States to assure the existence at all times of sufficient employment opportunities to enable all Americans who have finished their schooling and who do not have full-time housekeeping responsibilities freely to exercise this right;

(c) In order to carry out the policies set forth in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, and in order to (1) promote the general welfare of the Nation; (2) foster and protect the American home and the American family as the foundation of the American way of life; (3) raise the standard of living of the American people; (4) provide adequate employment opportunities for returning veterans; (5) contribute to the full utilization of our national resources ; (6) derelop trade and commerce among the several States and with foreign nations; (7) preserve and strengthen competitive private enterprise, particularly small business enterprise; (8) strengthen the national defense and security; and (9) contribute to the establishment and maintenance of lasting peace among nations, it is essential that continuing full employment be maintained in the United States;

(d) In order to assist industry, agriculture, labor, and State and local governments in achieving continuing full employment, it is the responsibility of the Federal Government to pursue such consistent and openly arrived at economic policies and programs as will stimulate and encourage the highest feasible levels of employment opportunities through private and other non-Federal investment and expenditure;

(e) To the extent that continuing full employment cannot otherwise be achieved, it is the further responsibility of the Federal Government to provide such volume of Federal investment and expenditure as may be needed to assure continuing full employment; and

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