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Need to establish focal points within the loosely associated, but

relatively independent members of the law enforcement system to main

tain a national perspective of the white-collar crime problem;
Need to establish an information system whereby national trends and

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patterns can be identified;

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Need to encourage investigators and prosecutors to work closely
together and to foster those relationships;

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Need to reach an understanding concerning the types of matters the investigating agencies will pursue, and the OUSA will prosecute; Need to focus resources on quality cases and develop proactive

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Need to provide training to some agency investigative personnel and

prosecutors in order to utilize effectively new investigative and

prosecutive techniques; and

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Need to address the problem of inadequate sanctions, either available

or imposed, including the need to acquire legislative changes as


The ECE program was developed to meet the needs outlined above, and in so doing, to improve the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the white-collar

crime law enforcement system. Based on the above discussion, the study team

prepared the chart in Appendix V to demonstrate the manner in which program

goals and objectives address the needs resulting from the indicated obstacles

to effective law enforcement. In addition, the chart outlines the national and local responsibilities for accomplishing the program's goals and objectives.


The ECE program, encompassing two of the Attorney General's four enforcement

priorities, was developed to focus attention on white-collar crime, emphasize

its effect upon all citizens individually and the public good generally, and coordinate governmental efforts in attacking white-collar crime. The program's overall goal is to enhance the Department's ability to prevent,

detect, investigate, prosecute and obtain greater sentences against signi

ficant criminal offenders. The program's implementing order and other background materials established end objectives* for attaining the Department's

goal** of enhanced capabilities, but allowed the individual districts to develop the mean objectives, *** thus setting a uniform scope for the program, while retaining an aspect of local flexibility to account for individual

district characteristics. The end objectives for enhancing the Department's

capabilities in this program, listed below, are separated into the enhancement

goals they are designed to achieve.

The fact that some objectives appear

under more than one goal is indicative of the overlapping nature of the obstacles to effective white-collar crime law enforcement, and to the needs, objectives and goals.of the ECE program.

End Objectives - those objectives which, if accomplished, should result in meeting the program's goals.

Goals - the end toward which all efforts are directed. *** Mean Objectives those procedures or methods designed to reach the

end objectives.

(1) Investigation:
• To develop an inventory of current or past white-collar crime

investigations to establish an information base and locate
duplications of effort;
To establish priorities in an effort to focus investigative atten-
tion on significant district problems and characterize the types
of cases the OUSA will prosecute;
To coordinate and consolidate the various investigative agencies'
efforts in order to eliminate duplication of effort and maximize

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OUSA so that major investigative activities will be brought to

the attention of the OUSA early in the investigative process; and

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To provide seminars and conferences for investigative agencies to present information on specific subjects, e.g., investigative

auditing, exchange ideas concerning new investigative techniques,

and increase each agency's awareness of the other's roles and

expertise in the effort against white-collar crime.

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To inventory current or past white-collar crime cases to gain an

understanding of white-collar crime in the district, establish an

information base, and locate duplications of effort or cases which

would be better consolidated;

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To establish district priorities to identify unit cases and focus

investigative/prosecutive efforts on priority cases, and place
significant cases with experienced prosecutors;
To coordinate the investigative agencies and the OUSA early in an
investigation to develop the strongest case possible and to com-
pletely familiarize the prosecutor with the case; and

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To provide conferences and seminars, or documentation for the AUSAs

to present information on new cases, new prosecutive approaches

and specific subjects, e.g., the investigative grand jury; exchange experiences; and establish a network of communication among AUSAS

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To establish an information base from which white-collar crime

patterns and trends can be identified;
To establish district priorities, within the framework of national
priorities. These priorities will highlight programs or operations
which are susceptible to white-collar crime, thereby focusing

on these areas; and

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To disseminate information to those persons in a position to

locate white-collar criminal activities, e.g., auditors or con

sumers, on how to recognize white-collar crime indicators.

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To create an awareness of the extent and nature of white-collar crime in the business community and in the general public, thus

reducing the opportunity for the commission of such crimes;

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To enhance the capabilities of the general public, business

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white-collar crime, resulting in a stronger overall effort to

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deficiencies in agencies or businesses, making it more difficult

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sentencing, and the prosecutor's role in sentencing; and

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tives being implemented on a continuum at the appropriate time and level.

To date, national efforts have been directed to selecting unit sites and

Specialists, developing lines of communication within the program and estab

lishing liaison with participating agencies and organizations, while the efforts by the units have concentrated on enhancing investigative and prosecutive capabilities. This is to be expected, since enhanced capabilities

in detection, prevention and obtainment of appropriate sanctions result, to

some extent, from better investigations and prosecutions.

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