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February approximately 1,000,000 people are to be brought in this way into the Government-General. The families of good racial extraction present in the occupied Polish territory (approximately 4,000,000 people) should be transferred into the Reich and individually housed and thereby be uprooted as

a people.” (2233-G-PS) The top secret minutes of a meeting held on 12 February 1940 on “questions concerning the East,” at which Goering was chairman and Himmler and Frank were present, stated, among other things:

"By way of introduction, the General Field Marshal (Goering) explained that the strengthening of the war potential of the Reich must be the chief aim of all measures to be taken in the East.

"The task consists of obtaining the greatest possible agricul-
ture production from the new Eastern Gaus disregarding
questions of ownership.


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Special questions concerning the Government-General:
“The Government-General will have to receive the Jews who
are ordered to emigrate from Germany, and the New Eastern

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"The following reported on the situation in the Eastern ter-
"2. Reichsstatthalter Gauleiter Forster: The population of
the Danzig/West Prussia Gau (newly acquired territories) is
1.5 million, of whom 240,000 are Germans, 850,000 well-estab.
lished Poles and 300,000 immigrant Poles, Jews and asocials
(1,800 Jews). 87,000 persons have been evacuated, 40,000 of
these from Gotenhafen. From there, also the numerous shirk-
ers, who are now looked after by welfare, will have to be de-
ported to the Government-General. Therefore, an evacuation
of 20,000 further persons can be counted on for the current

( EC-305) Comparable reports were made by other Gauleiters at this meeting. These figures, it may be noted, were only as of February 1940.

These forcible deportations did not involve merely ordering the victims to leave their homes, and to take up new residences elsewhere. These deportations were accomplished, according to plan,


in a brutal and inhuman manner. This is shown in a speech delivered by Himmler to officers of the SS on a day commemorating the presentation of the Nazi flag. The exact date of the speech does not appear in the document, but its contents plainly show that it was delivered sometime after Poland had been overrun. In this speech Himmler said:

“Very frequently the member of the Waffen-SS thinks about the deportation of this people here. These thoughts came to me today when watching the very difficult work out there performed by the Security Police, supported by your men, who help them a great deal. Exactly the same thing happened in Poland in weather 40 degrees below zero, where we had to haul away thousands, ten thousands, hundred thousands; where we had to have the toughness

you should hear this but also forget it again—to shoot thousands

of leading Poles." (1918-PS) Such Poles from the incorporated area as managed to survive the journey to the Government-General could look forward at best to extreme hardship, and exposure to degradation and brutality. For the Jews who were forcibly deported to the GovernmentGeneral there was no hope. Frank, by his own admissions, had dedicated himself to their complete annihilation. In his diary Frank wrote:

"We must annihilate the Jews, wherever we find them, and wherever it is possible.". (2233-D-PS)

(3) Forcible Return of Racial Germans to the Reich. The conspirators had planned the forcible Germanization of persons in the incorporated area who were deemed to possess German blood. Such persons were given the choice of the concentration camp, or submission to Germanization. Himmler was the chief executioner of this program. In a secret decree signed by Hitler, Goering, and Keitel, dated 7 October 1939, Himmler was entrusted with the task of executing the conspirators' Germanization program. The decree provided, among other things:

"The Reichsfuehrer SS (Himmler) has the obligation in ac-
cordance with my directives:
"1. To bring back for final return into the Reich all German

nationals, and racial Germans in the foreign countries. “2. To eliminate the harmful influence of such alien parts of

the population, which represent a danger to the Reich,

and the German folk community. “3. The forming of new German settlements by re-settling,

and in particular by settling of the returning German
citizens and racial Germans from abroad.
“The Reichsfuehrer SS is authorized to take all neces-
sary general and administrative measures for the execu-

tion of this obligation.” (686-PS)
Himmler's conception of his tasks under this decree were
plainly stated in the foreword which he wrote for the “Deutsche
Arbeit" issue of June/July 1942. He wrote:

"It is not our task to Germanize the East in the old sense, that is, to teach the people there the German language and German law, but to see to it that only people of purely Ger

man, Germanic blood live in the East.” (2915-PS) The 1940 Edition of "Der Menscheneinsatz," a confidential publication issued by Himmler's Office for the Consolidation of German Nationhood, contained the following statements:

"The removal of foreign races from the incorporated Eastern Territories is one of the most essential goals to be accomplished in the German East. This is the chief national political task, which has to be executed in the incorporated Eastern Territories by the Reichsfuehrer SS, Reich Commissioner for the strengthening of the national character of the German people.”


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there are the following two primary reasons, which make the regaining of lost German blood an urgent necessity. "1. Prevention of a further increase of the Polish intelli

gentsia, through families of German descent even if they

are Polonized. "2. Increase of the population by racial elements desirable

for the German nation, and the acquisition of ethno-biologically unobjectionable forces for the German recon

struction of agriculture and industry." (2916-PS) Further light upon the goals which the conspirators had set for their Germanization program in conquered Eastern areas, is contained in a speech delivered by Himmler on 14 October 1943. This speech was published by the National Socialist Leadership staff of the OKW. The following are excerpts from this speech:

I consider that in dealing with members of a foreign country, especially some Slav nationality, we must not start from German points of view, and we must not endow these people with decent German thoughts, and logical conclusions of which they are not capable, but we must take them as they really are


"Obviously in such a mixture of peoples, there will always
be some racially good types. Therefore, I think that it is
our duty to take their children with us, to remove them
from their environment, if necessary by robbing, or stealing
them. Either we win over any good blood that we can use
for ourselves and give it a place in our people, or
we destroy that blood."


“For us the end of this war will mean an open road to the East, the creation of the Germanic Reich in this way or that

the fetching home of 30 million human beings of our blood, so that still during our lifetime we shall be a people of 120 million Germanic souls. That means that we shall be the sole decisive power in Europe. That means that we shall then be able to tackle the peace, during which we shall be willing for the first twenty years to rebuild and spread out our villages and towns, and that we shall push the borders of our German race 500 kilometers further out to the East." (L-70)

(4) The Racial Register. In furtherance of these plans, the conspirators established a Racial Register in the incorporated area of Poland. The Racial Register was, in effect, an elaborate classification of persons deemed to be of German blood, and contained provisions setting forth some of the rights, privileges, and duties of the persons in each classification. Persons were classified into four groups:

(1) Germans who had actively promoted the Nazi cause.

(2) Germans who had been more or less passive in the Nazi struggle, but had retained their German nationality.

(3) Persons of German extraction who, although previously connected with the Polish nation, were willing to submit to Germanization.

(4) Persons of German descent, who had been “politically absorbed by the Polish nation", and who would be resistant to Germanization.

The Racial Register was inaugurated under a decree of 12 September 1940, issued by Himmler as Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German Nation hood. The following are pertinent extracts:

“The list of 'ethnic Germans' will be divided into four parts
(limited to inter-office use).
“1. Ethnic Germans who fought actively in the ethnic

struggle. Besides the membership of a German organiza-
tion, every other activity in favor of the German against a
foreign nationality will be considered an active manifesta-
“2. Ethnic Germans, who did not actively intervene in favor
of the German nationality, but who preserved their traceable
German nationality.
“3. Persons of German descent, who became connected with
the Polish nation in the course of the years, but have on
account of their attitude, the prerequisites to become full-
fledged members of the German national community. To
this group belong also persons of non-German descent who
live in a people's mixed marriage with an ethnic German in
which the influence of the German spouse has prevailed.
Persons of Masurian, Slonzak, or upper Silesian descent who
are to be recognized as ethnic Germans, usually belong to
this group 3.
"4. Persons of German descent, politically absorbed by
the Polish nation (renegades).
Persons not included on the list of ethnic Germans are
Poles, or foreign nationals. Their treatment is regulated by
“Members of groups 1 and 2 are ethnic Germans who will
be used for the reconstruction in the East. The differentia-
tion between the groups 1 and 2 is important for the Na-
tional Socialist Party; primarily only members of group 1
should be accepted in the Party according to the instructions
of the deputy of the Fuehrer.
“Members of groups 3 and 4 have to be educated as full
Germans, that is, have to be re-Germanized in the course of
time through an intensive educational training in old Ger-
“The establishment of members of group 4 has to be based
on the doctrine, that German blood must not be utilized in
the interest of a foreign nation. Against those who refuse
re-Germanization, Security Police measures are to be taken."

(2916-PS) The basic idea of creating a racial register for persons of German extraction was later incorporated into a decree of 3 March 1941, signed by Himmler, Frick, and Hess. This decree is set forth in the 1941 Reichsgesetzblatt Part 1, page 118.

The entire apparatus of the SS was thrown behind the vigorous execution of these decrees. Proof of this fact is contained in the

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