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tion of Reichsbank regarding re-
quisition of Belgian gold..

VII
Report of the Commissar at the
National Bank of Belgium, 1 De-
cember 1942, covering period
August-October 1942.....

VII
Letter from Military Commander
in Belgium and Northern France,
22 February 1943, on exchange of
RKK notes in Belgium...

VII
Third Annual Report of the Com-
missar at the National Bank of
Belgium, 5 June 1943.....

VII
Memorandum from Special Com-
missioner West of Reichskredit-
kassen, 7 December 1943, on
occupation costs....

VII
Memorandum from Special Com-
missioner West of Reichskredit-
kassen, 10 May 1944, concerning
cash situation of Chief Paymaster
at Military Commander in Bel-
gium and Northern France...... VII
Letter from Reichskommissar for
Occupied Territories of Belgium
and Northern France, 21 July
1944, concerning equalization of
monthly balance in giro traffic of
Reichskreditkassen.....

VII
Report of Commissar at the Na-
tional Bank of Belgium, 15 August
1944, on total occupation charges
and Belgium clearing balance.... VII
Report of the Commissar of the
Netherlands Bank for the month
May 1941, dated 12 June 1941..... VII
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK

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Brussels, 18 May 1941, concerning
occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Brussels, 27 May 1941, concerning
occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 30 June 1941, concerning
occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 25 July 1941, concerning
occupation costs..
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 28 August 1941, concerning
occupation costs..
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 30 September 1941, con-
cerning occupation costs..
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 28 October 1941, concern-
ing occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 29 November 1941, con-
cerning occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 6 January 1942, concerning
occupation costs..
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 30 January 1942, concern-
ing occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to

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Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 27 February 1942, concern-
ing occupation costs....
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 28 March 1942, concerning
occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 30 April 1942, concerning
occupation costs..
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 13 July 1942, concerning
occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 13 August 1942, concerning
occupation costs..
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 31 August 1942, concerning
occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 30 September 1942, con-
cerning occupation costs..
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 6 November 1942, concern-
ing occupation costs...
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 7 December 1942, concern-
ing occupation costs.....
Letter of Commissar at the Neth-
erlands Bank Amsterdam, enclos-
ing report on contributions of Hol-

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land for Germany during the first
year of occupation, 28 May 1941... VII
Letter from RKK Amsterdam to
Central Administration of RKK
Berlin, 21 April 1942, concerning
Dutch East Help...

VII
Report of the Commissar of the
Netherlands Bank, 9 May 1941.... VII
Circular of the Reichsminister of
Economics in foreign exchange
matters, 31 March 1941..... VII
Speech by Himmler at Bad
Schachen, 14 October 1943, on the
Question of Security. (USA 308).. VII
Bormann report on conference of
16 July 1941, concerning treatment
of Eastern populations and terri-
tories. (USA 317).

VII
Instruction for internal use on ap-
plication of law concerning prop-
erty of Poles of 17 September 1940;
copy of monthly report 31 May
1942 with statistics on farms and
estates seized and confiscated in
the Incorporated Eastern Terri-
tories; copy of letter from SS offi-
cer to Himmler, 20 November
1940. (USA 312).

VIII
Orders issued by Reich Commis-
sioner for the Consolidation of
German nationhood, 16 February
1942, 1 July 1942, 28 July 1942.
(USA 309)....

VII
Memoranda of conferences, 4 and
18 August 1942, concerning direc-
tions for treatment of deported
Alsatians. (USA 314).

VIII

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122

THE PLUNDER OF ART TREASURES

1. THE EINSATZSTAB ROSENBERG

A. Formation, Purpose, Powers.

On 29 January 1940 Hitler issued a decree in the following terms:

"The 'Hohe Schule' is supposed to become the center for na-
tional-socialistic ideological and educational research. It will
be established after the conclusion of the war. I order that
the already initiated preparations be continued by Reichs-
leiter Alfred Rosenberg, especially in the way of research and
the setting up of the library.
"All sections of Party and State are requested to cooperate

with him in this task.” (136-PS) What began as a project for the establishment of a research library developed into a project for the seizure of cultural treasures. (141-PS)

On 1 March 1942 Hitler issued a decree in which he asserted that Jews, Freemasons, and affiliated opponents of National Socialism are the authors of the War against the Reich, and that a systematic spiritual battle against them is a military necessity. The decree thereupon authorized Rosenberg to search libraries, archives, lodges, and cultural establishments, to seize relevant material from these establishments as well as cultural treasures which were the property or in the possession of Jews, which were ownerless, or the origin of which could not be clearly established. The decree directed the cooperation of the Wehrmacht High Command and indicated that Rosenberg's activities in the West were to be conducted in his capacity as Reichsleiter and in the East in his capacity as Reichsminister. (149-PS)

This decree was implemented by a letter from Dr. Lammers, Reichsminister and Chief of Chancellory, directed to the “Highest Reich Authorities and the Services directly subordinate to the Fuehrer.” The letter reiterated the terms of the Hitler decree and requested support of the Reich authorities in Rosenberg's fulfillment of his task. (154-PS)

B. Scope of Activities.

Rosenberg's activities in fulfillment of the above decrees were extended, in the West, to France (138-PS), Belgium (139-PS), the Netherlands (140-PS), Luxembourg (137-PS), and Norway and Denmark. (159-PS)

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