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“In contrast, we, National Socialists, have to hold on steadily to our foreign political goals, namely, to secure on this earth the territory due to the German people. And this action is the only one which will make bloody sacrifice before God and our German posterity appear justified.” (2760-A-PS)

B. Methods. The Nazi conspirators advocated the accomplishment of the foregoing aims and purposes by any means deemed opportune, including illegal means and resort to threat of force, force, and aggressive war. The use of force was distinctly sanctioned, in fact guaranteed, by official statements and directives of the conspirators which made activism and aggressiveness a political quality obligatory for Party members, Hitler stated in Mein Kampf:

The lack of a great creative idea means at all times an impairment of the fighting spirit. The conviction that it is right to use even the most brutal weapons is always connected with the existence of a fanatical belief that it is necessary that a revolutionary new order of this earth should become victorious. A movement which does not fight for these highest aims and ideals will therefore never resort to the ultimate weapon.”

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It is not possible to undertake a task half-heartedly or hesitatingly if its execution seems to be feasible only by expending the very last ounce of energy ... One had to become clear in one's mind that this goal [i.e. acquisition of new territory in Europe) could be achieved by fight alone and then had to face this armed conflict with calmness and

composure.(2760-A-PS) In 1934 Hitler set out the duties of Party members in the following terms:

"Only a part of the people will be really active fighters. But they were the fighters of the National Socialist struggle. They were the fighters for the National Socialist revolution, and they are the millions of the rest of the population. For them it is not sufficient to confess: 'I believe, but to swear:

'I fighť.(2775-PS) This same theme is expressed in the Party Organization Book:

"The Party includes only fighters who are ready to accept and sacrifice everything in order to carry through the Na

tional Socialist ideology.” (2774-PS) At the trial of Reichswehr officers at Leipzig in September 1930 Hitler testified:

"Germany is being strangled by Peace Treaties.
The National Socialists do not regard the Treaty as a law, but
as something forced upon us. We do not want future gen-
erations, who are completely innocent, to be burdened by
this. When we fight this with all means at our disposal,
then we are on the way to a revolution.
President of the Court: 'Even by illegal means?'
Hitler: "I will declare here and now, that when we have
become powerful (gesiegt haben), then we shall fight against
the Treaty with all the means at our disposal, even from the

point of view of the world, with illegal means." (2512-PS) Moreover, Hitler stated the true reason for rearmament as follows:

“It is impossible to build up an army and give it a sense of worth if the object of its existence is not the preparation for war. Armies for the preservation of peace do not exist; they exist only for the triumphant exertion of war." (2541PS)

C. Doctrines. The Nazi conspirators adopted and published the following doctrines:

(1) That persons of so-called "German bloodwere a master race and were accordingly entitled to subjugate, dominate, or exterminate other "racesand peoples." The Nazi doctrine of racial supremacy was incorporated as Point 4 in the Party Program of 24 February 1920, which provided as follows:

**Only a member of the race can be a citizen. A member of the race can only be one who is of German blood, without consideration of creed. Consequently no Jew can be a mem

ber of the race." (1708-PS) The Nazi conspirators' dogma of the racial supremacy of the Germanic peoples was fully elucidated in the writings of Rosenberg:

“The meaning of world history has radiated out from the
north over the whole world, borne by a blue-eyed blond race
which in several great waves determined the spiritual face
of the world
"We stand today before a definitive decision. Either through
a new experience and cultivation of the old blood, coupled
with an enhanced fighting will, we will rise to a purificatory
action, or the last Germanic-western values of morality and
state-culture shall sink away in the filthy human masses of
the big cities, become stunted on the sterile burning asphalt
of a bestialized inhumanity, or trickle away as a morbific

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agent in the form of emigrants bastardizing themselves in
South America, China, Dutch East India, Africa.
"A new faith is arising today: the myth of the blood, the
faith, to defend with the blood the divine essence of man.
The faith, embodied in clearest knowledge that the Nordic
blood represents that mysterium which has replaced and

overcome the old sacraments." (2771-PS) Thus, the Nazi conspirators acclaimed the "master race" doctrine as a new religion—the faith of the blood-superseding in individual allegiance all other religions and institutions. According to Rosenberg:

"The new thought puts folk and race higher than the state and its forms. It declares protection of the folk more important than protection of a religious denomination, a class, the monarchy, or the republic; it sees in treason against the folk a greater crime than treason against the state." (2771PS; see also further excerpts from Rosenberg's writings

contained in 2405-PS.) Illustrative of the Nazi conspirators' continued espousal and exploitation of racial dogmas following their accession to power was the discriminatory legislation which they caused to be enacted. These laws, with particular reference to Jews, are set forth in Section 7 of this Chapter on the Program for Persecution of Jews.

The logical consequence of the "master race" dogma, in its bearing on the right of Germany to dominate other "inferior" peoples and to acquire such of their territory as was considered necessary for German living space, was disclosed by the Nazi conspirators. In a speech concluding the Reichsparteitag at Nurnberg on 3 September 1933 Hitler said:

"But long ago man has proceeded in the same way with his fellowman. The higher race-at first 'higher' in the sense of possessing a greater gift for organization-subjects to itself a lower race and thus constitutes a relationship which now embraces races of unequal value. Thus there results the subjection of a number of people under the will often of only a few persons, a subjection based simply on the right of the stronger, a right which, as we see it in Nature, can be regarded as the sole conceivable right because founded on reason. The wild mustang does not take upon itself the yoke imposed by man either voluntarily or joyfully; neither does one people welcome the violence of another.” (2584-PS)

(2) The Fuehrerprinzip (Fuehrer Principle).
(a) Essential elements.
1. Complete and total authority is vested in the Fuehrer.

"The Fuehrer Principle requires a pyramidal organ-
ization structure in its details as well as in its en-
tirety.
"The Fuehrer is at the top.
"He nominates the necessary leaders for the various
spheres of work of the Reich's direction, the Party
apparatus and the State administration.” (1814-PS)

“He shapes the collective will of the people within him-
self and he enjoys the political unity and entirety of
the people in opposition to individual interests.
"The Fuehrer unites in himself all the sovereign au-
thority of the Reich; all public authority in the state
as well as in the movement is derived from the author-
ity of the Fuehrer. We must speak not of the state's
authority but of the Fuehrer's authority if we wish
to designate the character of the political authority
within the Reich correctly. The state does not hold
political authority as an impersonal unit but receives
it from the Fuehrer as the executor of the national
will. The authority of the Fuehrer is complete and all-
embracing; it unites in itself all the means of political
direction; it extends into all fields of national life; it
embraces the entire people, which is bound to the Fueh-
rer in loyalty and obedience. The authority of the
Fuehrer is not limited by checks and controls, by
special autonomous bodies or individual rights, but it
is free and independent, all-inclusive and unlimited.
"The Fuehrer-Reich of the (German) people is
founded on the recognition that the true will of the
people cannot be disclosed through parliamentary
votes and plebiscites but that the will of the people in
its pure and uncorrupted form can only be expressed
through the Fuehrer." (2771-PS)

“Thus at the head of the Reich, stands a single Fuehrer, who in his personality embodies the idea which sustains all and whose spirit and will therefore ani

mate the entire community." (2780-PS) As stated in the Organization Book of the Nazi Party: 685964-46-14

“The will of the Fuehrer is the Party's law.”.

(1814-PS) The first commandment for the Party members declares:

“The Fuehrer is always right.” (1814-PS)
“He (the Fuehrer) is responsible only to his conscience

and the German people." (1814-PS) Hess, in a speech broadcast at Cologne on 25 June 1934, characterized the position of the Fuehrer as follows:

“It is with pride that we see that one man is kept above
all criticism that is the Fuehrer.
“The reason is that everyone feels and knows: he was
always right and will always be right. The National
Socialism of us all is anchored in the uncritical loyalty,
in the devotion to the Fuehrer that does not ask for
the wherefore in the individual case, in the tacit per-
formance of his commands. We believe that the Fueh-
rer is fulfilling a divine mission to German destiny !
This belief is beyond challenge." (2426-PS; see also
additional statements of the Nazi conspirators de-
signed to condition the German people to blind accept-
ance of the decisions of the Fuehrer and his co-con-

spirators, as translated in 2373-PS.) 2. The Fuehrer's power descends to subleaders in a hier

archial order. In the words of the Organization Book of the NSDAP:

"The Party is the order of fuehrers.
"All political directors (Politische Leiter) stand as
appointed by the Fuehrer and are responsible to him.
They possess full authority towards the lower eche-
lons. (1893-PS)
"He (The Fuehrer) nominates the necessary leaders
for the various spheres of work of the Reichs' direc-
tion, the Party apparatus, and the State administra-

tion." (1814-PS) The effect of this was aptly expressed by Hitler in 1933:

"When our opponents said, 'It is easy for you: you are a dictator'—We answer them, 'No, gentlemen, you are wrong; there is no single dictator, but ten thousand, each in his own place.' And even the highest authority in the hierarchy has itself only one wish, never to transgress against the supreme authority to which it, too, is responsible." (2771-PS)

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