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"a. Possibility of supplying fuel, compressed air, oxygen,
in Narvik as an alternative." (C-5) In October 1939 Hitler was merely considering the Norwegian aggression and had not yet committed himself to it. Raeder persevered in pressing his point of view with regard to Norway, and at this stage he found a powerful ally in Rosenberg.
C. Use of the Fifth Column: Quisling.
The Nazi employment of traitors and the stimulation of treachery as a political weapon are now proven historical facts. Should further proof be required, it is found in a “Brief Report on Activities of the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the Party (Aussenpolitisches Amt der NSDAP) from 1933 to 1943" (007-PS). This was Rosenberg's Bureau. The report reads:
“When the Foreign Affairs Bureau (Aussenpolitische Amt)
“In Scandinavia an outspokenly pro-Anglo-Saxon attitude, based on economic consideration, had become progressively more dominant after the World War of 1914-18. There the Bureau put the entire emphasis on influencing general cultural relations with the Nordic peoples. For this purpose it took the Nordic Society in Luebeck under its protection. The Reich conventions of this society were attended by many outstanding personalities, especially from Finland. While there were no openings for purely political cooperation in Sweden and Denmark, an association based on Greater Germanic ideology was found in Norway. Very close relations were established with its founder, which led to further conse
quences.” (007-PS) There follows an account of the activity of Rosenberg's Bureau in various parts of the world. The last paragraph of the main body of the report reads in part:
"With the outbreak of war, the Bureau was entitled to consider its task as terminated. The exploitation of the many personal connections in many lands can be resumed under a
different guise." (007-PS) The Annex to the report shows what the "exploitation of personal connections" involved. Annex One to the document is headed, “To Brief Report on Activities of the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the Nazi Party from 1933 to 1943.” The subheading is "The Political Preparation of the Military Occupation of Norway During the War Years 1939-1940". The annex reads:
“As previously mentioned, of all political groupings in Scan-
1939, Quisling made an appearance at the convention of the
sion to the Fuehrer." (007-PS) This document is another illustration of the close interweaving between the political and military leadership of the Nazi State. Raeder, in his report to Admiral Assmann, admitted his collaboration with Rosenberg (C-66). The second paragraph of the Raeder report, headed “Weseruebung," reads as follows:
"In the further developments, I was supported by Commander Schreiber, Naval Attache in Oslo and the M-Chief personally-in conjunction with the Rosenberg Organization. Thus, we got in touch with Quisling and Hagelin, who came to Berlin at the beginning of December and were taken to the Fuehrer by me—with the approval of Reichsleiter
Rosenberg." (C-66) The details of the manner in which Raeder made contact personally with Quisling are not clear. In a report from Rosenberg to Raeder, however, the full extent of Quisling's preparedness for treachery and his potential usefulness to the Nazi aggressors was reported and disclosed to Raeder. The second paragraph of this report reads as follows:
"The reasons for a coup, on which Quisling made a report, would be provided by the fact that the Storthing (the Norwegian Parliament) had, in defense of the constitution, passed a resolution prolonging its own life which is to become operative on January 12th. Quisling still retains in his capacity as a long-standing officer and a former Minister of War, the closest relations with the Norwegian Army. He showed me the original of a letter which he had received only a short time previously from the Commanding Officer in Narvik, Colonel Sunlo. In this letter, Colonel Sunlo frankly lays emphasis on the fact that, if things went on as they were going at present, Norway was finished.” (C-65)
Then came the details of a plot to overthrow the government of
"A plan has been put forward which deals with the possi-
quired which accord with German calculations." (C-65) Subsequent developments are indicated in a report by Raeder of his meeting with Hitler on 12 December 1939 at 1200 hours, in the presence of Keitel, Jodl and Puttkammer, who at this time was adjutant to Hitler. The report is headed “Norwegian Question", and the first sentence reads:
“C-in-C Navy” (Raeder) “has received Quisling and Hagelin.
Quisling creates the impression of being reliable.” (C-64) There then follows, in the next two paragraphs, a statement of Quisling's views. The fourth paragraph reads:
“The Fuehrer thought of speaking to Quisling personally so
It was at a meeting on 12 December that Raeder made the above report to Hitler. Raeder's record of these transactions reports the next event:
"Thus, we got in touch with Quisling and Hagelin, who came to Berlin at the beginning of December and were taken to the Fuehrer by me, with the approval of Reichsleiter Rosen
berg." (C-66) A note at the bottom of the page states:
"At the crucial moment, R" (presumably Rosenberg) "hurt his foot, so that I visited him in his house on the morning of
the 14th of December." (C-66) That is Raeder's note, and it indicates the extent of his contact in this conspiracy. The report continues:
"On the grounds of the Fuehrer's discussion with Quisling
memorandum of the Naval War Staff.” (C-66) Raeder's note referring to the "crucial" moment was an appropriate one, for on the same day that it was written, 14 December, Hitler gave the order that preparations for the Norwegian operation were to be begun by the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces.
Rosenberg's report on the activities of his organization deals with further meetings between Quisling and the Nazi chiefs in December. The extract reads:
"Quisling was granted a personal audience with the Fuehrer