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On equal terms to give him chastisement ?
up. Aum. Excepting one, I would he were the best In all this presence that hath moy'd me so.
Fitzw. 4 If that thy valour stand on sympathies, There is my gage, Aumerle, in gage to thine. By that fair sun that shews me where thou stand'st, I heard thee fay, and vauntingly thou spak'st it, That thou wert cause of noble Glofter's death, If thou deny'st it, twenty times thou liest; And I will turn thy falfhood to thy heart, Where it was forged, with my rapier's point 5.
We learn from Pliny's Nat. Hif. that the vulgar error assigned the bright and fair ftars to the rich and great. Sidera fingulis attributa nobis et clara divitibus, minora pauperibus, &c. Lib. I. cap. 8. Anonynaous.
4 If that thy valour stand on sympathies,] Here is a translated fense much harsher than that of stars explained in the foregoing note. Aumerle has challenged Bagot with some hefitation, as not being his equal, and therefore one whom, according to the rules of chivalry, he was not obliged to fight, as a nobler life was not to be faked in a duel against a baler. Fitzwalter then throws down his gage, a pledge of battle; and tells him that if he stands upon sympathies, that is, upon equality of blood, the combat is now offered him by a man of rank not inferior to his own. Sympathy is an affection incident at once to two subjects. This cominunity of affection implies a likencfs or equality of nature, and thence our poet transferred the term to equality of blood. JOHNSON.
my rapier's point.] Shakespeare deserts the manners of the age in which his drama is placed very often, without necessity or advantage. The edge of a fword had served his purpole as well as the point of a rapier, and he had then escaped the impropriety of giving the English nobles a weapon which was not seen in England till two centuries afterwards. Johnson.
Aum. Thou dar'st not, coward, live to see the day. Fitzw. Now, by my soul, I would it were this hour. Aum. Fitzwalter, thou art damn'd to hell for this.
Percy. Aumerle, thou lieft; his honour is as true, In this appeal, as thou art all unjust : And, that thou art so, there I throw my gage To prove it on thee to the extremest point Of mortal breathing; seize it, if thou dar’st.
Aum. And if I do not, may my hands rot off,
pawn, Engage it to the trial if thou darft.
Aum. Who fets me else? by heaven, I'll throw at all. I have a thousand spirits in one breast To answer twenty thousand such as you.
Surry. My lord Fitzwalter, I do remember well The very time Aumerle and you did talk.
Fitzw. My lord, 'tis true : you were in presence
And you can witness with me, this is true.
Surry. As false, by heaven, as heaven itself is true.
Surry. Dishonourable boy!
6 I take the earth to the like, &c.] This speech I have restored from the first edition in humble imitation of former editors, though, I believe, against the mind of the author. For the earth I suppose we should read, thy oath. JOHNSON.
From fin to fin. -] So both the quarto's and folio. I suspect we should read, From fun to fun; i.e. from one day to another, STEEVIN 3.
In proof whereof, there is mine honour's pawn;
Fitz. How fondly dost thou spur a forward horse?
That thou, Aumerle, didst send two of thy men
Aum. Some honest Christian trust me with a gage,
Boling. These differences shall all rest under gage,
Car. That honourable day shall ne'er be seen.
Boling. Why, bifhop, is Norfolk dead ?
? I dare meet Surry in a wilderness,] I dare meet him where no help can be had by me against him. So in Macbeth,
“ O be alive again, “ And dare me to the desert with thy sword.” JOHNS. 8 in this new world,] In this world where I have just begun to be an actor. Surry has, a few lines above, called him boy. JOHNSOX.
Carl. Sure as I live, my lord.
Enter York, attended.
Boling. In God's name, I'll afcend the regal throne.
Carl. Marry, heaven forbid ! -
9 Yet beft beseeming me to speak the truth.] It might be read' more grammatically,
Tet best befetins it me to speak the truth. but I do not think it is printed otherwise than as Shakespeare wrote it. Johnson.
And fall the figure, &c.) Here is another proof that our author did not learn in king James's court his elevated notions of the right of kings. I know not any flatterer of the Stuarts, who has expressed this doctrine in much fronger terms. It muit be observed that the poet intends, from the beginning to the end, to exhibit this bishop as brave, pious, and venerable. JOHNSON.
Shakespeare has represented this character of the bilbop as he found it in Holinshed. The politics of the historian were the politics of the poet. STEEVENS.
His captain, steward, deputy elect,
his day of trial.] After this line, whatever follows, almost to the end of the act, containing the whole process of dethroning and debasing king Richard, was added after the first edition of 1598, and before the second of 1615. Part of the addition is proper, and part might have been forborn without much lofs. The author, I suppose, intended to make a very moving scene. JOHNSON.