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Such poor, such base, 8 such lewd, such mean attempts,
Such barren pleasures, rude society,
As thou art match'd withal and grafted to,
Accompany the greatness of thy blood,
And hold their level with thy princely heart ?

P. Henry. So please your majesty, I would I could
Quit all offences with as clear excuse,
As well as, I am doubtless, I can purge
Myself of many I am charg’d withal.
9 Yet such extenuation let me beg,
As, in reproof of many tales devis’d,
Which of the ear of greatness needs must hear,
By liniling pick-thanks and base news-mongers,
I may, for fome things true, wherein my youth
Hath faulty wander'd, and irregular,
Find pardon on my true submision.
K. Henry. Heaven pardon thee. Yet let me won-

der, Harry,
At thy affections, which do hold a wing
Quite from the flight of all thy ancestors.
Thy place in council thou hast rudely loft,
Which by thy younger brother is fupply'd;
And art almost an alien to the hearts
Of all the court and princes of my



-- such levd, fuch mean attempts, ] Shakespeare certainly wrote attaints, i. e. unlawful actions. WARBURTON.

Mean attempts are mean, unworthy undertakings. Lewd does not in this place barely fignify wanton, but licentious. So B. Jonson, in his Poetafter,



be fu'd 'Gainit such as wrong mens' fames with verses lewd." And again, in Volpone,

they are most lewd impoftors, “ Made all of terms and Mreds." Steevens. 9 Ye: such extenuation let me beg, &c.] The contruction is fomewhat obscure. Let me beg so much extenuation, that, upon conjutation of many folje charges, I may be pardoned some that

I thould read in reproof inttead of in reproof; but concerning Shakefpeare's particles there is no certainty.



are 11*116.

The hope and expectation of thy time
Is ruin'd; and the soul of every man
Prophetically does fore-think thy fall.
Had I fo lavish of my presence.been,
So common hackney'd in the eyes


So stale and cheap to vulgar company ;
Opinion, that did help me to the crown,
Had still kept " loyal to poffeffion;
And left me in reputeless banishment,
A fellow of no mark, nor likelihood.
By being feldom feen, I could not ftir,
But, like a comet, I was wonder'd at;
That men would tell their chillren, this is be;
Others would say, where? which is Boling broke?
2 And then I stole all courtesy from heaven,
And drest myself in such humility,
That I did pluck allegiance from mens' hearts,
Loud shouts and falutations from their mouths,
Even in the presence of the crowned king.
Thus I did keep my person fresh and new;
My presence, like a robe pontifical,
Ne'er feen, but wonder'd at: and so my state,
Seldom, but sumptuous, shewed like a feaft,
And won, by rareness, such solemnity.
The skipping king, he ambled up and down
With shallow jefters, and 3 ralh bavin wits,

loyal to poffeffion;-) True to him that had then poffeffion of the crown. JOHNSON.

? And then I ftole all courte/v from heaven,] This is an allfion to the story of Prometheus's theft, who stole fire from thence; and as with this he made a man, fo with that Bolingbroke made a king. As the gods were supposed jealous in appropriating reason to themselves, the getting fire from thence, which lighted it up in the mind, was called a theft ; and as power is their prerogative, the getting courtesy from thence, by which power is beit procured, is called a theft. The thought is exquifitely great and beautiful. WARBURTON.

rash, bavin wits,] Rafh is heady, thoughtless : bavin is brushwood, which, fired, burns fiercely, but is soon out. JOHNSON



U 3

Soon kindled, and soon burnt: 4 carded his state,
Mingled his royalty with carping fools ;
Had his great name profaned with their scorns;
5 And gave his countenance, againit his name,
To laugh at gybing boys, and itand the puih
6 Of every beardless, vain comparative :
Grew a companion to the common streets,
Enfeoff’d himself to popularity :
That, being daily swallow'd by mens' eyes,
They surfeited with honey, and began
To loath the taste of sweetness; whereof a little
More than a little is by much too much.
So, when he had occasion to be seen,
He was but, as the cuckow is in June,
Heard, not regarded; seen, but with such eyes,
As, sick and blunted with community,
Afford no extraordinary gaze,
Such as is bent on sun-like majesty,
When it shines feldom in admiring eyes:
But rather drowz'd, and hung their eye-lids down,

carded his state,] In former copies,

CARDED his state,] Richard is here represented as laying aside his royalty, and mixing himself with common jefters. This will lead us to the true reading, which I suppose is,

'SCARDED his fate,] i, e. discarded, threw off, WARBURTON.

carded his state,] 7 he metaphor seems to be taken from mingling coursé wool with fine, and carding them together, whereby the value of the latter is diminished. The king means that Richard mingled and carded together his royal ftate with carping fools, rash, bavin wits, &c. STEVENS.

5 And gave his counter.ance, against his name,] Made his prefance injurious to his reputation. Johnson.

6 of every beardless, vain comparative:] Of every boy whose vanity incited him to try his wit againft the king's.

When Lewis XIV. was asked, why, with so much wit, he never attempted raillery, he answered, that he who practised raillery ought to bear it in his turn, and that to stand the but of raillery was not suitable to the dignity of a king. Scudery's Cor nn, JOHNSON,


Slept in his face, and render'd such aspect
As cloudy men use to their adversaries;
Being with his presence glutted, gorg’d, and full.
And in that very line, Harry, standst thou:
For thou hast lost thy princely privilege
With vile participation; not an eye,
But is a-weary of thy common sight,
Save mine, which hath defir'd to see thee more;
Which now doth, what I would not have it do,
Make blind itself with foolish tenderness. [Weeping.

P. Henry I shall hereafter, my thrice gracious lord, Be more myself.

K. Henry. For all the world, As thou art at this hour, was Richard then, When I from France set foot at Ravenspurg; And even as I was then, is Percy now. Now by my fceptre, and my soul to boot, 7 He hath more worthy interest to the state, Than thou, the shadow of succession : For, of no right, nor colour like to right, He doth fill fields with harness in the realm ; Turns head against the lion's armed jaws ; And, being no more in debt to years than thou, Leads ancient lords and reverend bishops on To bloody battles, and to bruising arms. What never-dying honcur hath he got Against renowned Douglas; whose high deeds, Whose hot incursions, and great name in arms, Holds from all soldiers chief majority, And military title capital, Through all the kingdoms that acknowledge Christ! Thrice hath this Hotspur, Mars in swathing cloaths,

? He hath more worthy interest to the state,

Than thou, the fpadoru of Juccellion :] This is obscure. I believe the meaning is--Hotspur haih a right to the kingdom more worthy than thou, who haft only the fivudowy ri, bit of lineal succesion, while he has real and solid power. Johnson.



This infant warrior, in his enterprizes,
Discomfited great Douglas; ta’en him once,
Enlarged him, and made a friend of him,
To fill the mouth of deep defiance up,
And shake the peace and fafety of our throne.
And what say you to this ? Percy, Northumberland,
The archbishop's grace of York, Douglas, Mortimer,
Capitulate against us, and are up.
But wherefore do I tell this news to thee?
Why, Harry, do I tell thee of my foes,
Which art my near'st and 8 dearest enemy?
Thcu that art like enough, through vassal fear,
Base inclination, and the start of spleen,
To fight against me under Percy's pay,
To dog his heels, and curt'sy at his frowns,
To Thew how much thou art degenerate.

P. Henry. Do not think so; you shall not find it so:
And heaven forgive them, that so much have sway'd
Your majesty's good thoughts away from me!
I will redeem all this on Percy's head.
And, in the closing of some glorious day,
Be bold to tell you, that I am your son.
When I will wear a garment all of blood,
9 And stain my favours in a bloody mask,


dearest-] Deareft is most fatal, most mischievous,

JOHNSON. And Ruin my favours in a bloody mak,) We should read favour, i. e, countenance.

Favours are features. JOHNSON.

I am not certain that favours, in this place, means features, or that the plural number of favour in that sense is ever used. I believe favours means only fome decoration usually worn by knights in their helmets, as a present from a mistress, or a tro: phy from an enemy. So in this play,

Then lst my favours hide thy bloody face :
where he must have meant his scarf.
So in Heywood's Rape of Lucruce, 1626,
“ Arurs, these crimson favours, for thy sake,
ar pon my forehead mask'd with blood.


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