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you, ?

Wor. It pleas’d your majesty, to turn your looks
Of favour, from myself, and all our house ;
And yet I must remember you, my lord,
We were the first and dearest of your friends.


staff of office I did break
In Richard's time; and posted day and night
To meet you on the way, and kiss your hand,
When yet you were in place and in account
Nothing so strong and fortunate as I.
It was myself, my brother, and his son,
That brought you home, and boldly did out-dare
The dangers of the time. You swore to us,
And you did swear that oath at Doncaster,
That you did nothing purpose 'gainst the state ;
Nor claim no further than

further than your new-fall’n right,
The seat of Gaunt, dukedom of Lancaster.
To this, we swore our aid: but in short space
It rain'd down fortune showering on your head;
And such a flood of greatness fell on you-
What with our help, what with the absent king;
What with the injuries of a wanton time ;
The seeming sufferances that you had borne ;
And the contrarious winds that held the king
So long in the unlucky Irish wars,
That all in England did repute him dead ;-
And, from this swarm of fair advantages
You took occasion to be quickly wood,
To gripe the general sway into your hand;
Forgot your oath to us at Doncaster ;
And, being fed by us, you us'd us fo,
3 As that ungende gull, the cuckow's bird,
Useth the sparrow: did oppress our nest;
Grew by our feeding to so great a bulk,

my faf of office-] See Richard the Second.

JOHNSON. 3.4s that ungentle gull, the cuckow's bird,] The cuckow's chicken, who, being hatched and fed by the sparrow, in whose peft the cuckow's egg was laid, grows in time able to devour her nurse. JOHNSON



Y 4

That even our love durft not come near your sight
For fear of swallowing: but with nimble wing
We were inforc’d, for safety's fake, to fly
Out of your fight, and raise this present head,
Whereby + we stand opposed by such means
As you yourself have forg'd against yourself
By unkind usage, dangerous countenance,
And violation of all faith and troth,
Sworn to us in your younger enterprize,
K. Henry. These things, indeed, you have 5 articu-

Proclaim'd at market-crosses, read in churches,
To face the garment of rebellion
With some fine colour, that may please the eye
Of fickle changelings and poor discontents,
Which gape, and rub the elbow, at the news
Of hurly-burly innovation.
And never yet did insurrection want
Such water-colours to impaint his cause;
Nor moody beggars, starving for a time
Of pell-mell havock and confusion.

P. Henry, In both our armies there is many a foul Shall


full dearly for this encounter,
If once they join in trial. Tell your nephew,
The prince of Wales doth join with all the world
In praise of Henry Percy.-By my hopes,
This present enterprize fet off his head,
I do not think, a braver gentleman,
6 More active-valiant, or more valiant-young,
More daring, or more bold, is now alive,
To grace this latter


with noble deeds. For my part, I may speak it to my shame,


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we fand opposed, &c.] We stand in opposition to you. JOHNSON erticulated,] i. e. Drawn out, article by article.

STEVENS. 6 More aflive-valiant, or more valiant-young,] Sir Thomas Hanmer reads more valued young. I think the present gingle has more of Shuhepcare. JOHNSON,

I have a truant been to chivalry ;
And so, I hear, he doth account me too.
Yet this before my father's majesty ---
I am content that he shall take the odds
Of his great name and estimation,
And will, to save the blood on either side,
Try fortune with him in a single fight.
K. Henry. And, prince of Wales, so dare we ven-

ture thee,
Albeit, confiderations infinite
Do make against it. No, good Worcester, no,
We love our people well; even those we love,
That are mised upon your cousin's part:
And, will they take the offer of our grace,
Both he, and they, and you, yea, every man,
Shall be my friend again, and I'll be his.
So tell your cousin, and bring me word
V hat he will do. But if he will not yield,
Rebuke and dread correction wait on us,
And they shall do their office. So, be gone;
We will not now be troubled with reply:
We offer fair, take it advisedly.

[Exit Worcester, with Vernon. P. Henry. It will not be accepted, on my life. Tle Douglas and the Hotspur both together Ar confident againft the world in arms. 6. Henry. Hence, therefore, every leader to his

charge : Foi on their answer, we will set on them: An God befriend us, as our cause is just! [Exeunt.

Manent prince Henry and Falstaff F. Hal, if thou see me down in the battle, 7 and bestde me, fo; 'tis a point of friendship.

1 and bestride me,-) In the battle of Agincourt, Henry when king, did this act of friendship for his brother the dy of Gloucester. STEEVENS.

P. Henry,

P. Henry. Nothing but a colossus can do thee that friendship. Say thy prayers, and farewell.

Fal. I would it were bed-time, Hal, and all well. P. Henry. Why, thou owest heaven a death.

(Exit prince Henry. Fal. 'Tis not dụę yet: I would be loth to pay him before his day. What need I be so forward with him that calls not on me? Well, 'tis no matter, honour pricks me on. But how if honour prick me off, when I come on? how then? Can honour set to a leg? no: or an arm? no: or take away the grief of a wound? no: honour hath no skill in surgery then ? no. What is honour? a word. What is that word, honour? air. A trim reckoning !--Who hath it? He that dy'd a Wednesday. Doth he feel it? no, Doch he hear it?

Is it insensible then? yea, to the dead; but will it not live with the living? 'no: why? detraction will not suffer it. Therefore I'll none of it; 9 honour is a mere scutcheon, and so ends my catechism. (Exit.



Hotspur's camp
Enter Worcester and Sir Richard Vernon.
Wor. O, no, my nephew must not know, Sir

The liberal kind offer of the king.

Ver. 'Twere best he did.

Exit prince Henry.) This exit is remarked by Mr.jpton.

JOBSON. honour is a mere scutcheon,-) This is very fin. The reward of brave actions formerly was only some bodurable bearing in the fields of arms bestowed upon deserve. But Falftaff having said that honour often came not till afo death, he calls it very wittily a scutcheon, which is the painted eraldry borne in funeral procefsions: and by mere fcutcheon is inouated, that whether alive or dead, honour was but a name.



Wor. Then we are all undone.
It is not possible, it cannot be,
The king should keep his word in loving us ;
He will suspect us still, and find a time
To punish this offence in other faults.
* Suspicion, all our lives, shall be stuck full of

eyes :
For treason is but trusted like the fox,
Who ne'er so tame, fo cherish'd, and lock'd up,
Will have a wild trick of his ancestors.
Look how we can, or fad, or merrily,
Interpretation will misquote our looks ;
And we shall feed like oxen at a stall,
The better cherish’d, still the nearer death.
My nephew's trespass may be well forgot,
It hath the excuse of youth, and heat of blood;
And 2 an adopted name of privilege
A hare-brain'à Hotspur, govern’d by a spleen:
All his offences live upon my head,
And on his father's; we did train him on ;
And, his corruption, being ta’en from us,
We, as the spring of all, shall pay for all.
Therefore, good cousin, let not Harry know,
In any case, the offer of the king.

Ver. Deliver what you will, I'll say, 'cis so. Here comes your cousin.

Enter Hotspur and Douglas.
Hot. My uncle is return'd. --Deliver up
My lord of Westmorland.Uncle, what news ?

Wor. The king will bid you battle presently,
Doug. Defy him by the lord of Westmorland.

Suspicion, all our lives, shall be Auck full of eyes :) The same image of suspicion is exhibited in a Latin tragedy, called Roxana, written about the same time by Dr. William Alablafter,

JOHNSON. an adopted name of privilege, A bare-brain' Hotspur -] The name of Hotspur will privilege him from censure. Johnson,


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