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for the old pike, I see no reason in the law of nature, but I may Inap at him. Let time shape, and there's
Changes to a forest in Yorkshire.
Enter the archbishop of York, Mowbray, Haftings, and
THAT is this forest call'd ?
forth To know the numbers of our enemies.
Haft. We have sent forth already.
York. 'Tis well done.
your attempts may over-live the hazard And fearful meeting of their opposite. Mowb. Thus do the hopes we have in him, touch
Enter a Messenger.
Mel. Weft of this forest, scarcely off a mile,
Mowb. The just proportion that we gave them out. * Let us sway on, and face them in the field.
West. Health and fair greeting from our general,
York. Say on, my lord of Westmorland, in peace : What doth concern your coming ?
West. Then, my lord,
· Let us sway on,
-] We should read, way on; i. e. march on. WARBURTON.
I know not that I have ever seen fway in this sense; but I believe it is the true word, and was intended to express the uniform and forcible motion of a compact body. There is a sense of the noun in Milton kindred to this, where, speaking of a weighty sword, he fays, “ It descends with huge two-handed “ fway." JOHNSON.
2 Led on by bloody youth,-) I believe Shakespeare wrote heady youth. WARBURTON.
Bloody youth is only fanguine youth, or youth full of blood, and of those passions which blood is supposed to incite or nourifh. JOHNSON.
guarded with rage. ] Guarded is an expression taken from dress, it means the same as faced, turned up. Mr. Pope, who has been followed by fucceeding editors, reads graded. Guarded is the reading both of quarto and folio. Shakespeare uses the same expression in the former part of this play :
And countenanc'd by boys and beggary;
York. 5 Wherefore do I this ? so the question stands.
“ Velvet guards and Sunday citizens,” &c. Again, in The Merchant of Venice, “ Let him have a livery more guarded than his fellows."
STEEVENS. 4.-graves-} For graves Dr. Warburton very plaufibiy reads gloves, and is followed by Sir Thomas Hanmer. JOUNS.
We might perhaps as plausibly read greaves, i.e. armour for the legs, a kind of boots. In one of the Discourses on the Art Military, written by Sir John Smythe, Knight, 1589, greaves are inentioned as necessary to be worn ; and Ben Jonson employs the same word in his Hymenci :
upon their legs they wore silver greaves.” Steevens. s Wherifore, &c.] In this speech, after the first two lines, the next twenty-five are either omitted in the first edition, or aduel in the fecond. The answer, in which both the editions 2gree, apparently refers to some of these lines, which therefore may be probably fuppofed rather to have been dropped by a player defirous to horten his speech, than added by the fe(und labour of the author. JOHNSON,
And we must bleed for it : of which disease
6 In former editions:
And are inforc'd from our most quiet there,) This is said in answer to Wellmorland's upbraiding the archbishop for engaging in a course which so ill became his profession,
you, my lord archbishop, Il bofe fee is by a civil peace mainiain’d, &c. So that the reply must be this, And are enforc'd from our most quiet sphere. WARBURT.
West. When ever yet was your appeal deny’d?
York. 8 My brother-general, the common-wealth,
7 And confecrate, &c.] In one of my old quarto's of 1600 (for I have two of the self fame edition ; one of which, it is evident, was corrected in some passages during the working off the whole impresion). I found this verse. I have ventured to subftitute fage for edge, with regard to the uniformity of metaphor. Though the fuord of rebellion, drawn by a bishop, may in some fort be said to be confecrited by his reverence. THEOBALD.
And confecrate commotion's civil edge:] So the old books read. But Mr. Theobald changes edge to page, out of regard to the uniformity (as he calls it) of the metaphor. But he did not underliand what was meant by edge. It was an old custom, continued from the time of the first croisades, for the pope to consecrate the general's sword, which was employed in the service of the church. To this custom the line in question alludes. As to the cant of uniformity of metaphoș in writing, this is to be observed, that changing the allusion in the fame sentence is in, deed vicious, and what Quintilian condemns, “ Malti quum “ initium à tempestate sumferint, incendio aut ruinâ finiunt.” But when one comparison or allusion is fairly separated from another, by difiinct sentences, the case is different, So it is here; in one fentence we see “ the book of rebellion ftampt with a “ fcal divine;' in the other, “ the sword of civil discord con“ feciated.” But this change of the metaphor is not only al. lowable, but sit. For the dwelling overlong upon one, occations the discourse to degenerate into a dull kind of allegoriím.
WARBURTON, What Mr, Theobald says of two editions seems to be true; for my copy reads, commotion's bitter edge; but ciril is undoubtedly right, and cne would wonder how bitter could intrude if civil had been written first; perhaps the author himself made the change. JONnson.
Since I began to print this play, I have seen both the copies, but they both concur in reading bitter. Uniefs there be a third çopy, Theobald has said what is not true. STEEVENS.
My brother generel, &c.! make my quarrel in particular.] The sense is this, “ " brother general, the common-wealth, which ought to diftri