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Weft. There is no need of any such redress;
Or, if there were, it not belongs to you.

Mowb. Why not to him, in part, and to us all,
That feel the bruises of the days before;
And suffer the condition of these times
To lay a heavy and unequal hand
Upon our honours ?

Weft. O my good lord Mowbray,
i Construe the times to their neceffities,

you shall say, indeed, it is the time,
And not the king, that doth you injuries.
Yet, for your part, it not appears to me,
2 Or from the king, or in the present time,
That you should have an inch of any ground
To build a grief on. Were you not restor'd
To all the duke of Norfolk's signiories,
Your noble and right-well-remember'd father's ?

“ bute its benefits equally, is become an enemy to those of his " own house, to brothers-born, by giving fome all, and others

none ; and this (says he) I make my quarrel or grievance “ that honours are unequally distributed ;" the constant birth of male-contents, and source of civil commotions.

WARBURTON. In the first folio the second line is omitted, yet that reading, unintelligible as it is, has been followed by Sir T. Hanmer. How difficultly sense can be drawn from the best reading the explication of Dr. Warburton may show. I believe there is an error in the first line, which perhaps may be rectified thus,

My quarrel general, the common-wealth,
To brother born an household cruelty,

I make my quarrel in particular. That is, my general cause of discontent is publick mismanagement; my particular cause a domestic injury done to my natural brother, who had been beheaded by the king's order. Johnson.

· Construe the times to their necessities,] That is, Judge of what is done in these times according to the exigencies that overrule us. JOHNSON.

2 Or from the king, &c.] Whether the faults of government be imputed to the time or the king, it appears not that you have, for your part, been injured either by the king or the time.


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Mowb. What thing, in honour, had my father lost, That need to be reviv'd and breath'd in me? The king, that lov'd him, as the state stood then, Was, force perforce, compelld to banish him. And then, when Harry Bolingbroke, and he Being mounted, and both roused in their seats, Their neighing courses daring of the spur, 3 Their armed staves in charge, their beavers down, Their eyes of fire sparkling through sights of steel, And the loud trumpet blowing them together; Then, then, when there was nothing could have staid My father from the breast of Bolingbroke, O, when the king did throw his warder down, His own life hung upon the staff he threw : Then threw he down himself; and all their lives, That, by indictment, or by dint of sword, Have since miscarried under Bolingbroke. West. You speak, lord Mowbray, now, you know

not what :
The earl of Hereford was reputed then
In England the most valiant gentleman :
Who knows on whom fortune would then havę

smil'd ?
But if your father had been victor there,
He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry :
For ail the country, in a general voice,
Cry'd hate upon him; and all their

him; and all their prayers and love Were set on Hereford, whom they doated on, 4 And bless’d, and grac’d, indeed, more than the king. But this is mere digression from my purpose.Here come I from our princely general,

3 Their armed saves in charge, &c.) An armed staff is a lance. To be in charge, is to be ixed in the rest for the encounter.

JOHNSON. * And blofi'd and gracd more than the king himself.] The two oldelt folio's (which firit gave us this speech of Westmorland) read this line thus ;

And bics’d and gree'd and did more than the king. Dr. Thirlby reform'd the text very near to the traces of the corrupeed reading. THEOWALD,

To know your griefs ; to tell you from his

from his grace, That he will give you audience : and wherein It shall appear that your demands are just

, You shall enjoy them ; every thing set off, That might so much as think you enemies.

Mowb. But he hath forc'd us to compel this offer; And it proceeds from policy, not love.

Weft. Mowbray, you over-ween to take it so;
This offer comes from mercy, not from fear.
For, lo! within a ken, our army lies ;
Upon my mine honour, all too confident
To give admittance to a thought of fear.
Our battle is more full of names than

Our men more perfect in the use of arms,
Our armour all as strong, our cause the best;
Then reason wills our hearts should be as good :-
Say you not then our offer is compelld.

Mowb. Well, by my will, we shall admit no parley.
West. That


but the shame of your offence: A rotten case abides no handling.

Haft. Hath the prince John a full commission,

very ample virtue of his father, To hear, and absolutely to determine Of what conditions we shall stand upon ?

West. 5 That is intended in the general's name :
I mule, you make so flight a question.
York. Then take, my lord of Westmorland, this

For this contains our general grievances.
Each several article herein redress’d;
All members of our cause, both here and hence,
That are insinew'd to this action,
Acquitted by a true 6 substantial form


s This is intended in the general's name :) That is, This power is included in the name or office of a general. We wonder that you can ask a question so trifling. JOHNSON.

fubflantial form ;] That is, By a pardon of due form and legai validity. JOHNSON,



And present execution of our wills 7 To us, and to our purposes, confin'd; 8 We come within our awful banks again, And knit our powers to the arm of peace. West. This will I few the general. Please you,

lords, 9 In light of both our battles we may meet : And either end in peace, which heaven fo frame ! Or to the place of difference call the swords, Which must decide it.

York. My lord, we will do so. [Exit Weft.

Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom, tells me, That no conditions of our peace can stand.

Haft. Fear you not that: if we can make our peace Upon such large terms, and so absolute

7 To us, and to our purposes, confir'd;] This schedule we see consists of three parts, 1. A redress of general grievances. 2. A pardon for those in arms. 3. Some demands of advantage for them. But this third part is very strangely expressed.

And present execution of our wills

To us, and to our purposes, confin'd. The first line shews they had something to demand, and the fecond expresses the modesty of that demand. The demand, says the speaker, is confined to us and to our purposes. A very modest kind of restriction truly! only as extensive as their appetites and passions. Without question Shakespeare wrote,

To us and to our properties confin'd; i. e. We desire no more than security for our liberties and properties; and this was no unreasonable demand. WARBURTON.

This passage is so obscure that I know not what to make of it. Nothing better occurs to me than to read consign'd for confin'd. That is, let the execution of our demands be put into our hands according to our declared purposes. JOHNSON.

I believe we should read confirm'd. This would obviate every difficulty. Steevens.

We come within our awful banks again,] Awful banks are the proper limits of reverence. JOHNSON.

In fight of both our battles we may meet, &c.] The old copies read,

At either end in peace; which beaven fo frame ! That easy, but certain, change in the text, I owe to Dr. Thirlby. THEOBALD.

we may meet


As our conditions shall insist upon,

shall stand as firm as rocky mountains,
Mowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such,
That every night and false-derived cause,
Yea, every idle, nice, and wanton reason,
Shall, to the king, taste of this action.
i That, were our loyal faiths inartyrs in love,
We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind,
That even our corn shall seem as light as chaff,
And good from bad find no partition.

York. No, no, my lord; nore this : the king is weary
? Of dainty and such picking grievances :
For he hath found, to end one doubt by death,
Revives two greater in the heirs of life.
And therefore will he 3 wipe his tables clean;
And keep no tell-tale to his memory,
That may repeat and history his loss
To new remembrance. For full well he knows,
He cannot so precisely weed this land,
As his misdoubts present occasion :
His foes are so enrooted with his friends,
That, plucking to unfix an enemy,
He doth unfasten so, and shake a friend,
So that this land, like an offensive wife,
That hath enrag'd him on to offer strokes,
As he is striking, holds his infant

up, And hangs resolv'd correction in the arm That was upreard to execution.


'That, were our loyal faiths, &c.] In former editions :

That, were our royal faiths martyrs in love. If royal faiths can mean faith to a king, it yet cannot mean it without much violence done to the language. I therefore read, with Sir Thomas Hanmer, lo; al faiths, wnich is proper, natural, and suitable to the intention of the speaker. JOHNSON.

Of dainty and such picking grievances :) I cannot but think that this line is corrupted, and that we should read,

Of picking out such dainty grievances. JOHNSON. Picking means piddling, insignificant. STEVENS.

wipe bis tables clean;] Alluding to a table-book of fate, ivory, Oc. WARBURTON,


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