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graffing, with 9 a dish of carraways, and so forth. Come, cousin Silence and then to bed.
Fal. You have here a goodly dwelling, and a rich.
Shal. Barren, barren, barren. Beggars all, beggars all, Sir John. Marry, good air. Spread, Davy, spread Davy; well said, Davy.
Fal. This Davy serves you for good uses ; he is your servingman, and your husbandman.
Shal. A good varlet, a good varlet, a very good varlet, Sir John. By the mass, I have drank too much sack at supper. A good varlet. Now fit down, now fit down : come, cousin.
Sil. Ah, firrah, quoth-a, We shall do nothing but eat, and make good chear, [Singing. And praise heaven for the merry year ; When flesh is cheap and females dear, And lusty lads roam here and there ; So merrily, and ever among, so merrily, &c.
Fal. There's a merry heart ! Good master Silence, I'll give you a health for that anon.
Shal. Give master Bardolph some wine, Davy.
Davy. Sweet Sir, fit; I'll be with you anon, most sweet Sir, fit. Master Page, good master Page, fit; proface. What you want in meat, we'll "have in
drink. a dish of carraways, &c.) A comfit or confection so called in our author's time. A passage in De Vigneul Marville's Mclanges d'Histoire et .de Litt. will explain this odd treat. “ Dans “ le dernier liecle ou l'on avoit le goût delicat, on ne croioit pas
pouvoir vivre sans Dragées. Il n'etoit fils de bonne mere, qui “ n'eut son Dragier; et il est raporté dans l'histoire du duc de “ Guise, que quand il fut tué à Blois il avoit fon Dragier à la “ main." WARBURTON.
Mr. Edwards has diverted himself with this note of Dr. War. burton's, but without producing a happy illustration of the passage. The dish of carraways here mentioned was a dish of apples of that name, GOLDSMITH.
- proface. Italian from profaccia ; that is, much good may it do you. "HANMER.
Sir Thomas Hanmer (says Mr. Farmer) is right, yet it is no argument for his author's Italian knowledge.
drink. But you must bear ; 2 the heart's all. (Exit,
Shal. Be merry, master Bardolph ; and, my little foldier there, be merry.
Sil. (Singing] Be merry, be merry, my wife has all ; For women are frews, both short and tall : 'Tis merry in hall, when beards wag all, And welcome merry Shrevetide. Be merry, be merry, &c.
Fal. I did not think master Silence had been a man of this mettle.
Sil. Who I? I have been merry twice and once, ere now.
Old Heywood, the epigrammatist, addressed his readers long before,
“ Readers, reade this thus; for preface, proface,
“ Much good may it do you,” &c. So Taylor, the water-poet, in the title of a poem prefixed to his Praise of Hempseed,
“ A preamble, preatrot, preagallop, preapace, or preface ; " and proface, my masters, if your ftomachs Terve,"
Decker, in his comedy, If this be not a good play the Devil is in it, makes Shackle-soule, in the character of Friar Rush, tempt his brethren with “choice of dishes."
“ To which proface; with blythe lookes fit yee." To thcfe instances produced by Mr. Farmer, I may add ons more from Springes for Woodcocks, an ancient collection of epi. frams,
“ Proface, quoth Fulvjus, fill us t'other quart." And another from Heywood's Epigrams,
“ I came to be merry, wherewith merrily
Proface. Have among you," &c. So, in The wife Woman of Hogfdon, 1638,
“ The dinner's half done, and before I say gracę
" And bid the old knight and his guest proface." So, in The Dorunfal of Robert E. of Huntington, 1601,
STEEVENS. - the heart's all.] That is, the intention with which the entertainment is given. The humour confifts in making Davy act as master of the house. JOHNSON
Davy. There is a dish of leather-coats for you.
Davy. Your worship ?-I'll be with you straight-
. [Singing] A cup of wine, that's brisk and fine, And drink unto the leman mine ; And a merry beart lives long-a.
Fal. Well said, master Silence.
. An we shall be merry, now comes in the sweet of the night.
Fal. Health and long life to you, master Silence.
Sil. 3 Fill up the cup, and let it come, I'll pledge you a mile to the bottom.
Sbal. Honest Bardolph, welcome: if thou want'st any thing and wilt not call, beshrew thy heart. Welcome, my little tiny thief; and welcome, indeed, too. I'll drink to master Bardolph, and to all the 4 cavaleroes about London.
Davy. I hope to see London once ere I die.
Sbal. You'll crack a quart together? Ha---will you not, master Bardolph?
Berd. Yes, Sir, in a pottle pot.
Shal. I thank thee: the knave will stick by thee, I can assure thee that. He will not out; he is truebred. Bard. And I'll stick by him, Sir.
[One knocks at the door.
3 Fill up the cup, &c.] This passage has hitherto been printed as prose, but I am informed that it makes a part of an old song, and have therefore restored it to its metrical form. Steevens.
4 -cavaleroes -] This was the term by which an airy, splendid, irregular fellow was distinguished. The soldiers of king Charles were called Cavaliers from the gaiety which they affected in opposition to the four faction of the parliament. JOHNSON.
Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing; be merry. Look, who's at the door there: ho—who knocks? Fal. Why, now you have done me right.
[To Silence, who drinks a bumper. Sil. [Singing] 5 Do me right, and dub me knight, 6 Samingo. Is't not so ?
Fal. 'Tis fo.
Sil. Is’t so? Why, then say, an old man can do somewhat.
[Re-enter Davy. Davy. An it please your worship, there's one Pistol come from the court, with news. Fal. From the court ? let him come in.
Pijt. Sir John, 'save you, Sir!
Pift. Not the ill wind which blows no man good. Sweec knight, thou art now one of the greatest men in the realm.
s Do me right, &c.] To do a man right and to do bim rrafen were formerly the usual expressions in pledging healths. He who drank a bumper expected a bumper should be drank to his toall. STEEVENS.
Samingo.] He means to say, Sun Domingo. Hanmer. Of Samingo, or San Domingo, I see not the use in this place.
JOHNSON. Unless Silence calls Falstaff St. Dominic from his fatness, and mcans, like Dryden, to sneer at sacerdotal luxury, I can give no account of the word. In one of Nath's plays, intitled, Summer's lafi Will and Teftament, 1604, Bacchus fings the following catch :
« Monsieur Mingo, for quafing doth surpass
Sil. Indeed I think he be, 7 but goodman Puff of Barfon.
Pift. Puff ?
Fal. I pr’ythee now, deliver them like a man of this world.
Pift. A foutra for the world and worldlings base! I speak of Africa and golden joys.
Fal. O base Assyrian knight, what is thy news ? 8 Let king Cophetua know the truth thereof.
Sil. And Robin Hood, Scarlet, and John. [Sings.
Pift. Shall dunghill curs confront the Helicons ?
Sbal. Honest gentleman, 1 know not your breeding.
. Give me pardon, Sir-If, Sir, you come with news from the court, I take it, there is but two ways; either to utter them, or to conceal them. I am, Sir, under the king, in some authority. Pift
. Under which king, 9 Bezonian? speak or die.
but goodman Puff of Barson.] A little before William Visor of Woncot is mentioned. Woodmancot and Barlon (says Mr.Edwards' MSS.) which I suppose are these two places, and are represented to be in the neighbourhood of justice Shallow, are both of them in Berkeley Hundred in Glottersire. This, I imagine, was done to disguise the satire a little ; for Sir Thomas Lucy, who, by the coat of arms he bears, must be the real justice Shallow, lived at Charlecot near Stratford, in WarwickThire. STEVEN 3
8 Let king Cophetua, &c.] Lines taken from an old bombast play of King Cophetua; of whom, we learn from Shakespeare, there were ballads too. WARBURTON. See Love's Labour loft. JOHkson.
Bezenian ? speak or die.] So again Suffolk says in zd Henry VI. “ Great men oft die by vile Bezonians." 1 i 2