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K. John. France, thou shalt rue this hour within
this hour. Faulc. Old time the clock-fetter, that bald sexton
time, Is it, as he will ? well then, France shall rue. Blanch. The sun's o'ercast with blood : fair day,
Lewis. Lady, with me, with me thy fortune lies.
life dies. K. John. Cousin, go draw our puissance together.
[Exit Faulconbridge. France, I am burn'd up with inflaming wrath; A rage, whose hate hath this condition That nothing can allay, nothing but blood, The blood, and dearest-valu'd blood of France. K. Phil. Thy rage shall burn thee up, and thou
shalt turn To ashes, ere our blood shall quench that fire: Look to thyself, thou art in jeopardy. K. Jokn. No more than he that threats. To arms ! let's hie !
Changes to a field of battle.
Alarms, excursions : enter Faulconbridge, with Auftrid's
Fault. Now, by my life, this day grows wondrous
hot; 8 Some airy devil hovers in the sky, And pours down mischief. Austria's head lie there; 9 Thus hath king Richard's son perform’d his vow,
Some airy devil) We must read, Some fiery devil, if we will have the cauje equal to the effect. WARBURTON.
There is no end of such alterations; every page of a vehement and negligent writer will afford opportunities for changes of terms, if mere propriety will justify them. Not that of this sbange the propriety is out of controversy. Dr. Warburton will have the devil fiery, because he makes the day hot; the author makes him airy, because he hovers in the sky, and the heat and mischief are natural confequences of his malignity.
JOHNSON. Shakespeare here probably alludes to the distinctions and divisions of some of the demonologists, fo much read and regarded in his time. They distributed the devils into different tribes and classes, each of which had its peculiar properties, attributes, &c.
These are described at length in Burton's Anatomie of Melancboly, part 1. fect. 2. p. 45. 1632.
“Of these sublunary devils-Prellus makes fix kinds; fiery,
aeriall, terrestriall, watery, and subterranean devils, besides “ those faieries, satyres, nymphes,” & c.
“ Fiery spirits or divells are such as commonly worke by " blazing ftarres, fire-drakes, and counterfeit funnes and
moones, and fit on ships mafts,” &c. &c.
“ Aeriall spirits or divells are such as keep quarter most part " in the aire, cause many tempefts, thunder and lightnings,
teare oakes, fire steeples, houses, strike men and beasts, " make it raine stones," &c. Percy.
9 Thus hath king Richard's son, &c.] This and the two following lines are taken from the old imperfect sketch by Mr. Pope. STEEVENS.
And offer'd Austria's blood for sacrifice
Enter king John, Arthur, and Hubert.
Faulc. My lord, I rescu'd her; Her highness is in safety, fear you not : But on, my liege; for very little pains Will bring this labour to an happy end. [Exeunt.
Alarms, excursions, retreat. Re-enter king John, Eli
nor, Arthur, Faulconbridge, Hubert, and lords. K. John. So shall it be ;-your grace shall stay behind,
[To Elinor. So strongly guarded. --Cousin, look not sad:
[To Arthur. Thy grandam loves thee ; and thy uncle will As dear be to thee as thy father was.
Arth. O, this will make my mother die with grief.
the fat ribs of peace Muff by the hungry now, be fed upon.] This word now seems a very idle term here, and conveys no satisfactory idea. antithesis, and opposition of terms, fo perpetual with our author, requires ;
Muft by the hungry war be fed upon. W'ar, demanding a large expence, is very poetically said to be bungry, and to prey on the wealth and fat of peace.
WARBUR. This emendation is better than the former, but yet not necefiary, Sir T. Hanmer reads, bungry masu, with less devia
Must by the hungry now, be fed upon.
Eli. Farewell, gentle cousin.
[Exit Faulc. Eli. Come hither, little kinsman ;-hark, a word.
[Taking him to one side of the stage.
Hub. I am much bounden to your majesty.
But thou shalt have ;—and creep time ne'er fo Now, Yet it shall come for me to do thee good.
tion from the common reading, but with not so much force or elegance as war. JOHNSON.
Either emendation is unnecessary. The hungry now is this hungry infant. Shakespeare perhaps used the word now as a fubftantive, in Measure for Mcafire,
very now, When men were fond, I smiľd and wonder'd how. STEEVENS.
* Bell, book, and candle, &c.] In an account of the Romimi curse given by Dr. Gray, it appears that three candles were extinguished, one by one, in different parts of the execration.
I had a thing to say,—but, let it go :
Hub. So well, that what you bid me undertake,
K. John. Do not I know thou would'st?
s Sound on unto the drowsy race of night ;] We should read, Sound ONE
WARBURTON. I should suppose found on (which is the reading of the folio) to be the true one. The meaning seems to be this ; if the midnight bell, by repeated strokes, was to hafien away the race of beings who are busy at that hour, or quicken night itself in its progress, the morning-bell (that is, the bell that strikes one) could not, with ftri& propriety, be made the agent; for the bell has ceased to be in the service of night, when it proclaims the arrival of day. Sound on has a peculiar propriety, because by the repetition of the strokes at twelve, it gives a much more forcible warning than when it only Itrikes one. STEEVENS.