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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE
ONE HUNDRED EIGHTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

FEBRUARY 12, 2004

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

Available via the World Wide Web: http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate

DEPOSITORY

JUL 2 8 2004

STANFORD UNIVERSITY U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE JONSSON LIBRARY

93-316 PDF

WASHINGTON : 2004

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512–1800

Fax: (202) 512–2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

RICHARD G. LUGAR, Indiana, Chairman CHUCK HAGEL, Nebraska

JOSEPH R. BIDEN, JR., Delaware LINCOLN CHAFEE, Rhode Island

PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland GEORGE ALLEN, Virginia

CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut SAM BROWNBACK, Kansas

JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts MICHAEL B. ENZI, Wyoming

RUSSELL D. FEINGOLD, Wisconsin GEORGE V. VOINOVICH, Ohio

BARBARA BOXER, California LAMAR ALEXANDER, Tennessee

BILL NELSON, Florida NORM COLEMAN, Minnesota

JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West Virginia JOHN E. SUNUNU, New Hampshire

JON S. CORZINE, New Jersey
KENNETH A. MYERS, JR., Staff Director
ANTONY J. BLINKEN, Democratic Staff Director

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CONTENTS

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Page

Biden, Hon. Joseph R., Jr., U.S. Senator from Delaware, opening statement ...

Chronology of administration statements prior to the war ............

Boxer, Hon. Barbara, U.S. Senator from California, submission for the record:

Article from The New York Times, Feb. 7, 2004, “The Struggle for Iraq:

Intelligence; Agency Alert About Iraqi Not Heeded, Officials Say” .........
Feingold, Hon. Russell D., U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, prepared statement ..
Lugar, Hon. Richard G., U.S. Senator from Indiana, opening statement ...........
Nelson, Hon. Bill, U.S. Senator from Florida, submission for the record:

Letter to President Bush, Feb. 10, 2004, concerning the deteriorating

conditions in Hispaniola ......

Powell, Hon. Colin L., Secretary of State, U.S. Department of State, Wash-

ington, DC .............

Prepared statement ....

...........

16

Responses to additional questions for the record from:

Senator Biden

.......... 57,65

Senator Voinovich

41,69

Senator Sarbanes

Senator Coleman

Senator Feingold

37,70

Senator Bill Nelson ........

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STATE DEPARTMENT: POLICY AND

PROGRAMS

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 2004

U.S. SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Washington, DC. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:34 a.m. in room SR325, Russell Senate Office Building, Hon. Richard G. Lugar (chairman of the committee), presiding.

Present: Senators Lugar, Chafee, Allen, Voinovich, Biden, Sarbanes, Feingold, Boxer, Bill Nelson, and Corzine.

OPENING STATEMENT OF HON. RICHARD G. LUGAR, CHAIRMAN The CHAIRMAN. This hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee is called to order. This is a very special meeting. We have the Secretary of State with us. We appreciate that we are in the process of concluding a rollcall vote on the Senate floor, but the time of the Secretary and of all members is valuable. Therefore, I will proceed with my opening statement. Hopefully, we will be joined shortly by the ranking member of the committee, Senator Biden, and then we will call upon the Secretary for his testimony.

At some point, as I have advised the Secretary, we are hopeful to have a quorum of our membership. At such appropriate time as I see that we will continue the Law of the Sea markup, hopefully can have a vote and at least take committee action on that important convention as a part of our work today.

Today the Senate Foreign Relations Committee is pleased to welcome Secretary of State Colin Powell. Mr. Secretary, we are eager to hear your views on the status of our alliances, the Bush administration's plans for making further progress in Iraq and Afghanistan, the status of negotiations pertaining to the Middle East and the Korean Peninsula, and your assessments of the State Department's budget.

During last year, American foreign policy achieved an extensive list of accomplishments, some of which have gone unnoticed but shall not today. The President put forward bold plans to fight the global spread of AIDS and to establish the Millennium Challenge Corporation, which will encourage political and economic progress in developing nations that embrace positive reforms. Congress worked closely with the White House and the State Department on these initiatives, and passed legislation that would implement them.

Our commitment of substantial funds to the Liberian crisis and to the Middle East Partnership Initiative have similarly dem

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