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situation. When she entered the room, even least equalled his own; and whose connexion Fathom, whose eyes had been sated with beauty, with him was of such a nature, as raised an al. was struck dumb with admiration, and could most insurmountable bar to his design : because, scarce recollect himself so far as to perform the with what face could he commence rival to the ceremony of his introduction.

person whose family had raised him from want She seemed to be about the age of eighteen. and servility, and whose own generosity had reHer stature was tall; her motion graceful; a scued him from the miseries of a dreary jail ? knot of artificial flowers restrained the luxur- Notwithstanding these reflections, he would iancy of her fine black hair that flowed in shin- not lay aside an idea which so agreeably flatter. ing ringlets a-down her snowy neck. The ed his imagination. He, like every other procontour of her face was oval; her forehead rejector in the same circumstances, was so partial markably high; her complexion clean and de to his own qualifications, as to think the lady licate, though not florid ; and her eyes were so would soon perceive a difference between him piercing as to strike the soul of every beholder: and Renaldo that could not fail to turn to his yet, upon this occasion, one half of their viva- advantage in her opinion. He depended a good city was eclipsed by a languishing air of me deal on the levity and inconstancy of the sex ; lancholy concern; which, while it in a manner and did not doubt, that, in the course of their sheathed the edge of her beauty, added a most acquaintance, he should profit by that languor engaging sweetness to her looks. In short, which often creeps upon and flattens the interevery feature was elegantly perfect ; and the course of lovers cloyed with the sight and conharmony of the whole ravishing and delightful. versation of each other.

It was easy to perceive the mutual sentiments This way of arguing was very natural to a of the two lovers at meeting, by the pleasure man who had never known other motives than that sensibly diffused itself in the countenances those of sensuality and convenience; and perof both. Fathom was received by her as the haps, upon these maxims, he might have sucintimate friend of her admirer, whom she had ceeded with nine-tenths of the fair sex: but, often heard of in terms of the most sincere af, for once, he erred in his calculation ; Monimia's fection; and the conversation was carried on in soul was perfect, her virtue impregnable. His the Italian language, because she was a foreigner first approaches were, as usual, performed by the who had not as yet made great proficiency in the method of insinuation, which succeeded so well, knowledge of the English tongue. Her under that, in a few days, he actually acquired a very standing was such as, instead of diminishing, distinguished share of her favour and esteem. reinforced the prepossession which was inspired To this he had been recommended, in the by her appearance; and if the sum total of her warmest strain of exaggerating friendship, by charms could not melt the heart, it at least ex- her dear Renaldo : so that, placing the most cited the appetite of Fathom to such a degree, unreserved confidence in his honour and intethat he gazed upon her with such violence of grity, and being almost quite destitute of acdesire, as had never transported him before; quaintance, she made no scruple of owning herand instantly began to harbour thoughts not self pleased with his company and conversation ; only destructive to the peace of his generous and therefore he was never abridged in point of patron, but also to the prudential maxims he opportunity. She had too much discernment to had adopted on his first entrance into life. overlook his uncommon talents and agreeable

We have already recorded divers instances of address, and too much susceptibility to observe his conduct, to prove that there was an intem- them with indifference. She not only regarded perance in his blood, which often interfered him as the confidant of her lover, but admired with his caution : and although he had found him as a person whose attachment did honour means to render this heat sometimes subservient to Count Melvil's choice : she found his disto his interest, yet, in all probability, Heaven course remarkably entertaining, his politeness mingled the ingredient in his constitution, on dignified with an air of uncommon sincerity, purpose to counteract his consummate craft, and she was ravished with his skill in music, defeat the villainy of his intention, and at last -an art of which she was deeply enamoured. expose him to the justice of the law, and the While he thus ingratiated himself with the contempt of his fellow-creatures.

fair Monimia, Renaldo rejoiced at their intimacy, Stimulated as he was by the beauty of the being extremely happy in the thought of havincomparable Monimia, he foresaw that the ing found a friend who could amuse and proconquest of her heart would cost him a thou- tect the dear creature in his absence. That she sand times more labour and address than all might be the better prepared for the temporary the victories he had ever achieved : for, besides separation which he meditated, he began to be her superior understanding, her sentiments of less frequent in his visits, or rather to interrupt, honour, virtue, gratitude, religion, and pride of by gradual intermissions, the constant attendbirth, her heart was already engaged by the ance he had bestowed upon her since her imotenderest ties of love and obligation, to a man ther’s death. This alteration she was enabled whose person and acquired accomplishments at to bear by the assiduities of Fathom, when she

understood that her lover was indispensably em- These expostulations did not even respect the ployed in negotiating a sum of money for the beauteous, the accomplished, the gentle-heartpurposes of his intended voyage. This was ed, the orphan Monimia. Although they ownreally the case : for, as the reader hath been ed her perfections, and did not deny that it already informed, the provision he had made would be highly meritorious in any man of for that emergency was expended in behalf of fortune to make her happy, they disapproved of our adventurer ; and the persons of whom he Renaldo's attachment to the fair beggar, made had borrowed it, far from approving of the use light of that intimate union of hearts which to which it was put, and accommodating him subsisted between the two lovers, and which no with a fresh supply, reproached him with his human consideration could dissolve; and some benevolence as an act of dishonesty to them, among them, in the consummation of their pru.. and, instead of favouring this second applica- dence, ventured to hint a proposal of providing tion, threatened to distress him for what he had for her in the service of some lady of fashion. already received. While he endeavoured to Any reader of sensibility will easily conceive surmount these difficulties, his small reversion how these admonitions were relished by a young was quite exhausted, and he saw himself on gentleman whose pride was indomitable, whose the brink of wanting the common necessaries of notions of honour were scrupulously rigid and life.

romantic, whose temper was warm, and whose There was no difficulty which he could not love was intense. Every such suggestion was have encountered with fortitude, had he alone as a dagger to his soul ; and what rendered the been concerned; but his affection and regard torture more exquisite, he lay under obligations for Monimia were of such a delicate nature, that, to those very persons whose selfish and sordid far from being able to bear the prospect of her sentiments he disdained ; so that he was rewanting the least convenience, he could not stricted by gratitude from giving vent to his endure that she should suspect her situation indignation, and his forlorn circumstances would cost him a moment's perplexity ; because he not permit him to renounce their acquaintance. foresaw it would wring her gentle heart with While he struggled with these mortifications, unspeakable anguish and vexation. This there. his wants grew more and more importunate, fore he endeavoured to anticipate, by expres- and his creditors became clamorous. sions of confidence in the emperor's equity, and Fathom, to whom all his grievances were frequent declarations touching the goodness and disclosed, lamented his hard hap with all the security of that credit from which he derived demonstrations of sympathy which he could his present subsistence.

expect to find in such a zealous adherent;

he upbraided himself incessantly as the cause CHAP. XLVI.

of his patron's distress; took God to witness, that he would rather have perished in

gaol, than have enjoyed his liberty, had he Anecdotes of poverty, and experiments for the known it would have cost his dearest friend benefit of those whom it may concern. and benefactor one-tenth part of the anguish he

now saw him suffer; and, in conclusion, the His affairs being thus circumstanced, it is not fervency of his affection glowed to such a deto be supposed that he passed his time in tran- gree, that he offered to beg, steal, or plunder quillity. Every day ushered in new demands on the highway, for Renaldo's assistance. and fresh anxiety: for, though his economy Certain it is, he might have recollected a less was frugal, it could not be supported without disagreeable expedient than any of these, to almoney; and now not only his funds were leviate the pangs of this unhappy lover; for, at drained, but also his private friends tired of re- that very period, he was possessed of money lieving his domestic necessities ; nay, they be- and moveables to the amount of a much greater gan to relinquish his company, which formerly sum than that which was necessary to remove they had coveted, and those who still favoured the severest pangs of the Count's misfortune. him with their company embittered that favour But, whether he did not reflect upon this rewith disagreeable advice, mingled with imper- source, or was willing to let Melvil be better actinent reproof. They loudly exclaimed against quainted with adversity, which is the great the last instance of his friendship for Fathom, school of life, I shall leave the reader to deteras a piece of wrong-headed extravagance, which mine: yet, so far was he from supplying the neither his fortune could afford, nor his con- wants of the young Hungarian, that he did not science excuse; and alleged, that such speci- scruple to receive a share of the miserable pitmens of generosity are vicious in any man, let tance which that gentleman made shift to exhis finances be never so opulent, if he has any tort from the complaisance of a few comparelations of his own who need his assistance; nions, whose countenance he still enjoyed. but altogether scandalous, not to say unjust, in Renaldo's life was now become a sacrifice to a person who depends for his own support on the most poignant distress. Almost his whole the favour of his friends.

time was engrossed by a double scheme, com FOL. III.


prehending his efforts to render his departure spendthrift and importunate beggar. Though practicable, and his expedients for raising the his purse was exhausted to the last shilling ; means of daily bread. With regard to the first, though he was surrounded with necessities and he exerted himself among a set of merchants, demands, and knew not how to provide another some of whom knew his family and expecta- meal for his fair dependant, he, in opposition tions; and, for the last, he was fain to depend to all the suggestions and eloquence of Fathom, upon the assistance of a few intimates, who despatched him with the money and another were not in a condition to furnish him with billet, intimating, in the most respectful terms, sums of consequence. These, however, gradu. that he approved of his friend's new-adopted ally dropped off

, on pretence of friendly resent- maxim, which, for the future, he should alment for his indiscreet conduct; so that he ways take care to remember ; and that he had found himself naked and deserted by all his sent back the last instance of his bounty, as a former companions, except one gentleman, with proof how little he was disposed to incommode whom he had lived in the most unreserved core his benefactor. respondence, as with a person of the warmest This letter, though sincerely meant, and friendship, and the most unbounded benevo- written in a very serious mood, the gentleman lence: nay, he had actually experienced repeat- considered as an 'ungrateful piece of irony, and ed proofs of his generosity'; and such were the in that opinion complained to several persons of Count's sentiments of the gratitude, love, and the Count's acquaintance, who unanimously exesteem, which were due to the author of these claimed against him as a sordid, unthankful, obligations, that he would have willingly laid and profligate knave, that abused and reviled down his own life for his interest and advan- those very people who had generously befriendtage. He had already been at different times ed him, whenever they found it inconvenient accommodated by this benefactor with occa- to nourish his extravagance with further supsional supplies, amounting in the whole to plies. Notwithstanding these accumulated op about forty or fifty pounds ; snd so fearful was pressions, he still persevered with fortitude in he of taking any step by which he might for his endeavours to disentangle himself from this feit the good-will of this gentleman, that he maze of misery. To these he was encouraged struggled with unparalleled difficulty and vex- by a letter which about this time he received ation, before he could prevail upon himself to from his sister, importing, that she had good put his liberality to another proof.

reason to believe the real will of her father had What maxims of delicacy will not the dire been suppressed for certain sinister views; and calls of necessity infringe ! Reduced to the ala desiring him to hasten his departure for Hunternative of applying once more to that benefi- gary, where he would still find some friends cence which had never failed him, or of seeing who were both able and willing to support his Monimia starve, he chose the first, as of two cause.

He had some trinkets left; the pawnevils the least, and intrusted Fathom with a broker's shop was still open ; and hitherto he letter explaining the bitterness of his case. It made shift to conceal from Monimia the extent was not without trepidation that he received in of his affliction. the evening from his messenger an answer to The money-broker whom he employed, after this billet; but what were his pangs when he having amused him with a variety of schemes, learned the contents ! The gentleman, after which served no other purpose than that of having professed himself Melvil's sincere well- protracting his own job, at length undertook to wisher, gave him to understand, that he was make him acquainted with a set of monied resolved for the future to detach himself from men who had been very adventurous in lendevery correspondence which would be incon- ing sums upon personal security; he was venient for him to maintain; that he considered therefore introduced to their club in the most his intimacy with the Count in that light; yet, favourable manner, after the broker had en nevertheless, if his distress was really as great deavoured to prepossess them separately, with as he had described it, he would still contribute magnificent ideas of his family and fortune. something towards his relief; and accordingly By means of this anticipation he was received had sent by the bearer five guineas for that with a manifest relaxation of that severity purpose; but desired him to take notice, that, which people of this class mingle in their asin so doing, he laid himself under some diffi- pects to the world in general ; and they even culty.

vied with each other in their demonstrations of Renaldo's grief and mortification at this dis- hospitality and respect; for every one in parappointment were unspeakable: he now saw ticular looked upon him as a young heir, who demolished the last screen betwixt him and the would bleed freely, and mortgage at cent. per extremity of indigence and woe; he beheld the cent. mistress of his soul abandoned to the bleakest Renaldo, buoyed up with these exterior ciscenes of poverty and want; and he deeply re- vilities, began to flatter himself with hopes of sented the lofty strain of the letter, by which success, which, however, were soon checked by he conceived himself treated as a worthless the nature of the conversation; during which the chairman upbraided one of the members in porting their credit. Mr Ferret, sure I am, open club, for having once lent forty pounds you was not ignorant of my situation ; and I'm upon slight security: the person accused al- not a little surprised that you should bring the leged in his own defence, that the borrower gentleman to me on business of this kind ; was his own kinsman, whose funds he knew to but, as the wise man observes, “ Bray a fool in be sufficient; that he had granted his bond, a nortar, and he'll never be wise." So saying, and been at the expense of insuring his life for with a most emphatic glance directed to the the money; and, in conclusion, had discharged broker, he rung the bell, and called for the it to the day with great punctuality. These reckoning; when, finding that he was to be allegations were not deemed exculpatory by the the guest of Renaldo, he thanked him dryly for rest of the assembly, who, with one voice, pro- his good cheer, and in an abrupt manner took nounced him guilty of unwarrantable rashness himself away. and indiscretion, which, in time coming, must Though baffled in this quarter, the young undoubtedly operate to the prejudice of his gentleman would not despair ; but forth with character and credit.

employed Mr Ferret in an application to anoThis was a bitter declaration to the young ther of the society; who, after having heard Count, who, nevertheless, endeavoured to im- the terms of his commission, desired him to tell prove the footing he had gained among them, his principal, that he could do nothing, withby courting their company, conforming to their out the concurrence of his partner, who hapmanners, and attentively listening to their dis- pened to be at that time in one of our American course. When he had cultivated them with plantations: a third being solicited, excused great assiduity for the space of some weeks, himself on account of an oath which he had dined at their houses upon pressing invitations, lately taken on the back of a considerable loss : and received repeated offers of service and a fourth being tried, made answer, that it was friendship, believing that things were now ripe not in his way: and a fifth candidly owned, for the purpose, he one day, at a tavern to that he never lent money without proper secuwhich he had invited him to dinner, ventured rity. to disclose his situation to him whose coun- Thus the forlorn Renaldo tried every expea tenance was the least unpromising ; and as he riment without success, and now saw the last introduced the business with a proposal of bor- ray of hope extinguished. Well nigh destitute rowing money, he perceived his eyes sparkle of present support, and encompassed with unwith a visible alacrity, from which he drew an relenting duns, he was obliged to keep within happy presage. But, alas ! this was no more doors, and seek some comfort in the conversathan a transient gleam of sunshine, which was tion of his charming mistress, and his faithful suddenly odumbrated by the sequel of his ex- friend; yet, even there, he experienced the planation ; insomuch, that, when the merchant extremesi rigour of adverse fate. Every rap understood the nature of the security, his vi- at the door alarmed him with the expectation sage was involved in a most disagreeable gloom, of some noisy tradesman demanding payment. and his eyes distorted into a most hideous obli- When he endeavoured to amuse himself with quity of vision : indeed he squinted so horri. drawing, some unlucky feature of the occably, that Renaldo was amazed and almost af- sional portrait recalled the image of an obdufrighted at his looks, until he perceived that rate creditor, and made him tremble at the work this distortion proceeded from concern for a of his own hands. When he fled for shelter to silver tobacco-box which he had laid down by the flattering creation of fancy, some abhorred him on the table, after having filled his pipe: idea always started up amidst the gay vision, as the youth proceeded to unfold his necessie and dissolved the pleasing enchantment. Even ties, the other became gradually alarmed for the seraphic voice of Monimia had no longer this utensil, to which he darted his eyes as- power to compose the anxious tumults of his kance in this preternatural direction, until he mind : every song she warbled, every tune she had slyly secured it in his pocket.

played, recalled to his remembrance some scene Having made this successful conveyance, he of love and happiness elapsed ; and overwhelmshifted his eyes alternately from the young gen- ed his soul with the woeful comparison of past tleman to the broker for a considerable pause, and present fate. He saw all that was amiable during which he in silence reproached the last and perfect in woman, all that he held most for introducing such a beggarly varlet to his ac- dear and sacred upon earth, tottering on the quaintance; then taking the pipe from his mouth, brink of misery, without knowing the danger ** Sir (said he, addressing himself to the Count), of her situation, and found himself unable to if I had all the inclination in the world to come prevent her fall, or even to forewarn her of the ply with your proposal, it is really not in my peril; for, as we have already observed, his power: my correspondents abroad have remita soul could not brook the thought of communited such a number of bad bills of late, that all cating the tidings of distress to the tenderany running cash hath been exhausted in sup- hearted Monimia.


confirmed her fatal conjecture; and she cone

jured him, in the most pathetic manner, to tell Renaldo's distress deepens, and Fathom's plot her if he thought Renaldo's heart had contracte thickens.

ed any new engagement. At this question, he

started with signs of extreme agitation, and Such aggravated misfortune could not fail to stifling an artificial sigh, “Sure, madam (said affect his temper and deportment: the conti- he), you cannot doubt the Count's constancynual efforts he made to conceal his vexation I am confident-he is certainly-I protest, maproduced a manifest distraction in his behaviour dam, I am so shocked”— and discourse. He began to be seized with Here he made a full pause, as if the conflict horror at the sight of poor Monimia, whom he between his integrity and his friendship would therefore shunned as much as the circumstan- not allow him to proceed, and summoned the ces of their correspondence would allow ; and moisture into either eye-" Then are my doubts every evening he went forth alone to some so- removed (cried the afflicted Monimia): I see litary place, where he could, unperceived, give a your candour in the midst of your attachment loose to the transports of his sorrow, and in sic to Renaldo; and will no longer torment you lence meditate some means to lighten the bure with impertinent interrogations and vain comden of his woe. His heart was sometimes so plaints." With these words, a flood of tears savaged by despair, which represented mankind gushed from her enchanting eyes, and she inas his inveterate enemies, that he entertained stantly withdrew into her own apartment, thoughts of denouncing war against the whole where she indulged her sorrow to excess. Nor community, and supplying his own wants with was her grief unanimated with resentment.-the spoils' he should win : at other times he She was by birth, nature, and education, inspire was tempted with the desire of putting an ended with that dignity of pride which ennobles to his miseries and life together : yet these were the human heart; and this, by the circumbut the transitory suggestions of temporary stance of her present dependence, was rendered madness, that soon yielded to the dictates of extremely jealous and susceptible ; insomuch reason. From the execution of the first he was that she could not brook the least shadow of restrained by his own notions of honour and indifference, much less an injury of such a namorality; and, from using the other expedient, ture, from the man whom she had honoured he was deterred by his love for Monimia, to- with her affections, and for whom she had disgether with the motives of philosophy and reli- obliged and deserted her family and friends, gion.

Though her love was so unalterably fixed on While in this manner he secretly nursed the this unhappy youth, that, without the contiworm of grief that preyed upon his vitals, the nuation of reciprocal regard, her life would have alteration in his countenance and conduct did become an insupportable burden, even amidst not escape the eyes of that discerning young all the splendour of affluence and pomp; and lady. She was alarıned at the change, yet although she foresaw, that, when his protection afraid to inquire into the source of it; for, be- should cease, she must be left a wretched oring ignorant of his distress, she could impute phan in a foreign land, exposed to all the miseit to no cause in which her happiness was not ries of want; yet, such was the loftiness of her deeply interested. She had observed his strained displeasure, that she disdained to complain, or complaisance and extraordinary emotion : she even demand an explanation from the supposed had detected him in repeated attempts to avoid author of her wrongs. her company, and taken notice of his regular ex- While she continued undetermined in her purcursions in the dark. These were alarming pose, and fluctuating on this sea of torture, symptoms to a lover of her delicacy and pride: Fathom, believing that now was the season for she strove in vain to put the most favourable working upon her passions, while they were all construction on what she saw; and, finally, im- in commotion, became, if possible, more assiputed the effects of his despondence to the duous than ever about the fair mourner, moalienation of his heart. Made iniserable beyond delled his features into a melancholy cast, preexpression by these suspicions, she imparted tended to share her distress with the most them to Fathom, who, by this time, was in emphatic sympathy, and endeavoured to keep full possession of her confidence and esteem, her resentment glowing by cunning insinuaand implored his advice touching her conduct tions, which, though apparently designed to in such a nice conjuncture.

apologize for his friend, served only to aggraThis artful politician, who rejoiced at the ef- vate the guilt of his perfidy and dishonour.fect of her penetration, no sooner heard him. This pretext of friendly concern is the most self questioned on this subject, than he gave effectual vehicle for the conveyance of malice tokens of surprise and confusion, signifying his and slander; and a man's reputation is never concern to find she had discovered what (for so mortally stabbed, as when the assassin bethe honour of his friend) he wished had never gins with the preamble of, " For my own part, come to light. His bchaviour on this occasion I can safely say, that no man upon earth has a

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