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A SKETCH

OF

ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY

FROM THALES TO CICERO.

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A SKETCH

OF

ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY

FROM THALES TO CICERO

BY

JOSEPH B. MAYOR, M.A.

PROFESSOR OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY AT KING'S COLLEGE,
FORMERLY FELLOW AND TUTOR OF ST JOHN'S

COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

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London: CAMBRIDGE WAREHOUSE, 17, PATERNOSTER Row.

Cambridge: DEIGHTON, BELL AND CO.
Leipzig: F. A. BROCKHAUS.

1881

[:All Rights reserved.]

2662. f

}

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

A. PRE-SOCRATIC PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE.

IONIC SCHOOL. One ever-changing self-developed universe.

(Dynamical Physicism?.)

ITALIC SCHOOL. One unchanging self-existent universe

(Transcendental Physicism.)

B.C. 530 f. Pythagoras, p. 7.

530 Xenophanes

480 Parmenides Eleatic school, pp. 14–16.

460 Zeno of Elea

1 Ritter in his History of Ancient Philosophy employs the terms
Dynamical and Mechanical to distinguish the view which regards
the universe as one great organism with an inherent power of move-
ment and change, from that which regards it as a result of forces
acting upon a number of independent elements.

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