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sovereignty of Jehovah, in the all wise Being, who, from the kingdoms of grace and provi- first, designed him for extensive dence, his soul was filled with usefulness, and richly furnished profoundest humility and rever- him for it, prepared him a suitaence. In defending the cause of ble sphere. The aspects of ProvChrist and his truth, he exbibit- idence seemed plainly to indicate ed a zeal truly primitive and his removal ; and being fixed in apostolic; a zeal enlightened, the South Church in Boston, he meek and affectionate ; a zeal became a great blessing, not only directed and restrained by Chris- to his own congregation, and to tian prudence. Courageous and the town, but to all New Enginflexible in discharging his du- land. ties as a Christian, and a minis- His public discourses
were ter, he neither forgot the rights, uniformly elaborate, judicious nor intruded into the province and instructive. It is said that of others. He was a man of a his common sermons were such genuinely quiet spirit. Such as might have been pronounced was his value for peace, that he with applause before an assembly could sacrifice every thing but of divines. The subjects which truth and duty, for its preserva- he discussed were various, well tion. He was a bright example selected, and with much care and of self denial, of abstraction from judgment adapted to the state the world, of patience under the and circumstances of his flock. reproaches of men, and of resig- He inculcated, not a system of pation to the correcting rod of mere natural religion, not the his heavenly Father. In the refinements of metaphysics, but darkest seasons of distress, he the plaib, peculiar, unadulteratmeekly bowed to the righteous ed doctrines of the gospel. On sovereignty of the unerring Dis- this foundation, he erected the poser. Nor did he think it whole fabric of practical religion. enough, amid scenes like these, He made it appear that the docnot to complain, He maintained trines of grace were not mere a cheerful spirit. Perceiving by speculations, but so many powerthe eye of faith, the excellence, ful persuasives to love, to gratiglory, and grace of Jehovah's tude, to devotion, to all holiness government, beaming through of heart and life. And with the the darkness which surrounded utmost vigilance and assiduity his throne, he rejoiced in the did he labour to guard them Lord, and triutophed in the God against that licentiousness to of his salvation.
which they were sometimes per, The qualifications which con: verted. His addresses were pestitute a faithful, indefatigable and culiarly pungent and powerful ; useful pastor, were remarkably calculated at once to solemnize, combined in Mr. Willard. His to humble, and win the hearer. eminence in this character was His style was such as became acknowledged and celebrated the pulpit; simple, with dignity; throughout the churches. In and masculine, with ease. In his his earlier years indeed, his sta- manner of delivery, there was tion was fixed in an obscure part always a seriousness and gravity of the vineyard. But the same which commanded attention ;
and sometimes a tenderness and He died suddenly, Sept. 12, ardour almost irresistible.
1707, at the age of 68. His To the insensible and secure, removal was deeply lamented by he was a son of thunder; and a the church and congregation unson of consolation to the humble der his care, and by the Universimourner in Zion. In his treat- ty, which had for several years ment of those under mental dis- enjoyed the benefit of his able tress, he acted the part of a faith- and faithful superintendence. In. ful and tender physician. He deed, it was considered as a se. neither slightly healed the wound, vere judgment of Heaven upon nor willingly suffered it to rankle; the whole community. An af but pointed the patient to the fectionate tribute was paid to his precious Balm in Gilead.
distinguished worth, by his His public prayers were perti- venerable colleague, Mr. PEM. nent, pathetic, devout, and er- BERTON, in a funeral sermon, riched with an unusual variety of which has furnished the princi. thought.
pal materials of thę present He bore his flock with the ut. memoir, most affection his heart. Mr. WILLARD was one of the Their joys, their sorrows, their most voluminous writers of his perplexities he made his own. time. He published, during his When any applied to him for life, a variety of sermons and oth, information or advice in the con- er religious treatises, which were cerns of religion, they were sure highly esteemed. His Exposito be treated tenderly and faith, tion of the Assembly's Shorter fully, and to have the result of his Catechism may, however, be con. maturęst thoughts.
sidered as his most important It ought to be recorded to the work. It is said to have been the honour of Mr, WILLARD, that in first folio volume on Divinity, one of the darkest seasons which printed in New England.
His New England ever experienced, exposition was originally deliver, he maintained a vigorous, though ed to the author's congregation prudent opposition to the general in the form of monthly lectures; infatuation. No man was more excepting that his sickness and indefatigable, or more successful death having prevented the than be, in detecting and expos- completion of his design, several ing those strange and lamentable lectures are inserted which he delusions, which, for a țime, not had merely prepared for the desk, only affixed a foul stain on the and a few of the last are supplied character of the community, but from a shorter exposition which threatened to deluge it with blood. he had delivered many years be.
In a word, such was his devo fore, to the children of his flock: tion to his ministerial work, such The work was published at the his anxiety to redeem time, such pressing solicitation of many of his diligence in season and out of the most intelligent persons in season, and such his exemplary Boston and its vicinity. And fidelity, that with propriety he though it appears under som might have appealed to his of the disadvantages usually people at his departure, that he attending posthumous publicawas pure from the blood of all men. tions, it must be allowed to pos
sess great merit. Few systems him respect from the learned of theoretic and practical divinity Bishop Walton. Sir J. Bur. are to be found, even at the pres: goyne was his great friend and ent day, exhibiting such variety patron, and first assisted him in of matter, such a compass and undertaking the work of the min, depth of thought, and such an istry, which he began at Wroxal intimate acquaintance with the in Warwickshire ; whence,by adword of God. It displays the vice of the London ministers, he great doctrines of Christianity in removed into Leicestershire. their evidence, their harmony, He was there ejected for refus and practical use ; it refutes the ing the engagement, and after: principal errors by which they ward settled in Chester, where have been opposed; it solves he was a useful minister, till he many of the Christian's perplexi. was ousted by the act of uniforme ties; and all in a way calculated ity. He was a zealous royalist, to impress the conscience, and and thought it his duty to join interest the heart.* Even the with Sir G. Booth, when he' style, though not polished accord, made an attempt to restore the ing to modern rules, partakes of king in 1639, and persuaded the the sichness and energy of the citizens of Chester to deliver up author's mind. In a word, what their city to him. For this he ever minor inaccuracies, either was brought up a prisoner to of the logical or philosophical London, and long confined in kind, may sometimes meet the Lambeth house ; and, had not critic's eye, these lectures will the times turned, he would be perused by the serious Chris- have been tried for his life. But tian with equal profit and delight. all this could not afterward pro
2, çure him liberty to preach the
gospel of Christ, without strict
conformity. Nay, quickly after SKETCH OF REV. WILLIAM
his being silenced, he was confined by the Mayor to the common
jail of Chester for preaching in Mr. William Cook, of St. his own house. But he strictly Michael's Church in Chester, adhered to his principles in all was educated under the famous the changes of the times; sufMr. John Ball. In his family fering with great patience and there was a remarkable succes
meekness, and continued to his sion of piety from parents to death in a pastoral relation to a children for several generations. Society of many eminent ChrisHe had great natural powers, a tjans in that city; though during quick apprehension, and a strong the heat of the five mile act, he memory. He was studious to a
was forced to withdraw'to Pudprodigy ; and his proficiency, dington, where lie constantly at : in whatever he applied his mind tended the public ministry of the to, was astonishing. His skill in parish, and preached in the inthe oriental languages procured tervals. .
a Christian of the On the subject of the decrees Mr. Willard's ideas were carried tur- primitive 'stamp; a man of a ther than those of many Calvinists. most godly, mortified life, and
unwearied labour; who could go all his benefits. On all occasions in mean clothing, live on little, was importunate for the and travel on foot, trampling on church of God, and for the enthis world as dirt. He was very largement of the kingdom of indefatigable in his ministerial Christ. His regard to justice labours, in which he never uncommonly exact; and sought any one's assistance, but his charity, considering his conwould preach and pray almost tracted circumstances, was stu. the whole week, as he had op- pendous. Having no child of portunity, in season and out of his own, he freely took into his
While he had liberty, family three or four poor chil. he constantly kept a public fast in dren, whom he boarded and his congregation every month; clothed at his own expense, and as also a private one in his own instructed in literature and reli. closet and family every week. gion. These and his servants He usually set apart one after he catechised twice a week, exnoon every week to visit the plaining every thing to them in families of his congregation, to
the easiest manner. catechise their children and ser- When he could no longer exvants, and to discourse with them ercise his ministry in the church, personally about spiritual affairs. he performed most parts of it His visits were short, but edify- in his family, with the same care ing. He managed them like and diligence he was accustomed one, who was a good husband of to use in public, though no othhis time, and seldom parted with- er person was present. He was put prayer. He governed his a strict observer of the Lord's family with great strictness and day. His family constantly had prudence. Every morning, in their work done by 4 or 5 o'clock his family worship, after he had on Saturday afternoon. He then briefly implored the divine assis- spent an hour and a half in ex. tance, a psalm was sung, then a plaining scripture, and in praychapter in the Old Testament ers. After this, all retired to (and in the evening one in the their apartments, to learn the cat. new) was read, which he ex. echism, and for devotion. At pounded ; pointing out the sev. eight they supped, and then he eral parts, of which it consisted ; dismissed his family as usual eve then giving an account of the ery other day. He always rose substance of it in as few words as early on the Lord's day. Every possible ; then explaining the one in his house read a chapter chief difficulties in it; concludin the morning, and he spent an ing with useful instructions. hour and a half in expounding He then spent a quarter of an and prayer. Then he and his hour in prayer and praise, usual, family went to public worship, ly improving inuch of the chap- and upon their return, (after bis ter read, as matter for both. He being silenced) he prayed and re was eminent in all the parts of peated the sermon, and then prayer ; but commonly abound- prayed and preached, as he was ed most in the confession of sin, wont to do in public. After dinin admiring all the divine excel. ner he went to church, and at his lencies, and in praising God for return performed the same, as
before. After supper each of the the church with zeal, he manage family gave an account of the ed his dissent with great candour sermon, and he concluded the and moderation. His great piety, day with singing a psalm, and integrity, and charity recomwith solemn prayer and praise. mended him to the respect of He went through all this labour many, who differed from him. with surprising vigour, cheertul. He was a great scholar, and conDess, and fervour of spirit. He tinued a hard student to the last. was a great lover of peace ; civ- So far was he from entangling il, courteous, and obliging, but a himself in the affairs of this stranger to ceremoniousness. He life, that he knew not what he was very free in reproving his re- had, save the bread which he lations and all his acquaintance, ate ; nor was he very conversible
as occasion required; and was about worldly concerns; but in · much concerned, when he heard discourse on the things of God of the prosperity of any of them, none were more free and affable. that they might be provided a- He lived and died an eminent gainst the temptations of their example of close walking with condition ; and he was an earn- God, and of a heavenly conversaest intercessor for the afflicted. tion. When he lay on his death His abstinence and self denial, bed, an aged friend of his asking bis strict watch over himself, bim, if he had not comfort in reand regard to divine Providence, flection on his labours in the in all instances, were very un- cause of God, he replied, “I common; as also was his humil- have nothing to boast of.” He ity. He fortified himself to an finished his course with joy, in uncommon degree against every 1684, aged 72. Though for thing, he could suspect of having some time before he died, such a tendency to tempt him even to was the heat of persecution, that a moderate conceit of himself. he durst not show his face in
Though he was not free to the city ; many persons of conjoin in the common prayer, sequence were forward to do him and bore his testimony against honour at his death. prelacy and the ceremonies of
SURVEY OF NEW ENGLAND CHURCHES.
Continued from page 23. As we have undertaken to dis- hensible ; we beg leave, before close some of the dangers of the proceeding, to present the folchurches with respect to the lowing observations. Christian faith ; and as that faith It is not unfrequently alleged, includes several doctrines emin asan argument against preaching Dently profound and incompre. or otherwise exhibiting some of