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Senator THURMOND. Mr. Chairman, I will be glad to put a full definition in the record so it will be available to all the members.
Senator STENNIS. I would like to have it. I need it when I consider all these questions and answers, and frankly, I do not know what is meant by the term.
Senator THURMOND. Dr. Beerstecher testified that it is the technique the Communists use to oppose anything military except their own. They are willing to go to great extents to undermine anti-Communist military forces. They follow the revolutionary methods and whatever is necessary to accomplish their objective of destroying the military effort.
Senator BARTLETT. You mean in other countries, Senator?
For instance, I hold in my hand the October 1961 issue of “Nation” magazine. Here is an example. On page 305 is a cartoon which is designed to downgrade the U.S. military. It is to undermine the effectiveness of the military.
Senator STENNIS. Is that an illustration of what you mean when you say "revolutionary antimilitarism”?
Senator THURMOND. There are many illustrations. We have included any number of them here, Mr. Chairman, illustrations, articles, slogans, demonstrations, and programs. You are out a good deal.
Senator STENNIS. Now, the Chair has been here all the time except for a few hours when it was necessary to be absent because of other urgent demanding business as a Senator.
Senator THURMOND. I did not mean to say —
Senator THURMOND. I understand you could not be here all the time.
Senator STENNIS. I am still asking you, Senator, to give a definition of what you mean when you use that term, “revolutionary antimilitarism,” because I am not versed in that term.
Senator BARTLETT. _Well, I am not, either. Senator STENNIS. I just want this record to show what we mean when we use those terms.
Senator THURMOND. Mr. Chairman, did you hear Dr. Beerstecher's testimony?
Senator STENNIS. I heard part of his testimony, I am sure.
Senator THURMOND. Why do you want my definition ? I am not a witness here and I am not going to testify.
Senator STENNIS. Well, I know you.
Senator THURMOND. If you are trying to cross-question me, this is not the time and the place.
Senator STENNIS. No, I am not trying to cross-question you, Senator.
Senator THURMOND. It looks very much like it.
Senator STENNIS. I think anyone is entitled to a definition of the term used here. Senator THURMOND. I explained it to you. That is my
definition of it.
I explained it to you, if that is not clear enough, please refer to Dr. Beerstecher's testimony and others, they provided the details.
Senator STENNIS. If that is your definition, that is all right.
ANTIMILITARY CARTOONS INTRODUCED BY THURMOND
Senator THURMOND. Here is another example of antimilitary propaganda designed to downgrade the military. Senator BARTLETT. That is a German publication. Senator THURMOND. Yes, East German.
The earlier example is from Nation magazine in the issue of October 28, 1961. This magazine, of course, as you know, it was brought out in the record, has a Communist for its editor.
Now, Mr. Chairman, at this point, I would move that these two cartoons be put in the record.
Senator STENNIS. All right. They are identified as to the source of publication ?
Senator THURMOND. Yes, sir.
Senator BARTLETT. I wonder if the German one, Senator, relates to the East German soldier or West German soldier ?
The figure in the cartoon is a German soldier.
Senator THURMOND. It is East German propaganda which depicts the West German military. The swastika is shown to imply that the United States is collaborating with the Nazis; to show us in the role of "war-mongering" and using the Nazis of World War II to defend “Wall Street."
Senator BARTLETT. But not aimed at a U.S. soldier in that case.
Senator THURMOND. Well, this is aimed particularly at NATO. It is military, whether it is in this country or abroad, of non-Communist nations which is the target for antimilitary propaganda.
Senator BARTLETT. Or in East Germany. It could be in East Germany?
Senator THURMOND. This is East German propaganda put out there against the West.
The other one is from the Nation magazine put out in this country.
The purpose of such material is to downgrade the military and attempt to project embarrassing and compromising themes; to belittle patriotic objectives and minimize the importance of the military.
Senator STENNIS. All right. These are admitted in the record, with the identification to go on them as to when, where, and in what article they were published.
Jast German cartoon contained in study of Communist propaganda directed
against United States and West German army. Translation reads, “They drum the old tune and say: 'Defense and my 'profit!” Published by Karl Motz & Co., Schongau, West Germany, May 1961.
Cartoon from "The Nation” magazine, October 28, 1961, "Juggernaut—The War
fare State," by Fred J. Cook (p. 305). (See also illustrations on pages 2150– 2165 of the subcommittee hearings.)
QUESTION OF COMMUNIST EXPLOITATION OF U.S. PUBLICATIONS
Senator THURMOND. To what extent do some elements of the U.S. press, apparently unfamiliar with this Communist cold war technique, designed to weaken our military forces, open itself to exploitation by Communist propaganda ?
Mr. SYLVESTER. Excuse me, Senator, to what extent is the American press
Senator THURMOND. To what extent do some elements of the U.S. press, apparently unfamiliar with this Communist cold war technique, designed to weaken our military forces, open itself to exploitation by Communist propaganda?
Mr. SYLVESTER. Are you speaking of the daily newspapers?
Senator THURMOND. I am speaking of the press-newspapers, dailies, weeklies, magazines such as the Nation, New York Post, Washington Post, New York Times, and many others.
Mr. SYLVESTER. You are using press in its generic term?
Senator THURMOND, I did not say all of the press. I said to what extent do some elements of the U.S.
press. Mr. SYLVESTER. Are you speaking to newspapers only, are you speaking to all publications that appear in print?
Senator THURMOND. Any publication that lends itself to propaganda exploitation.
Mr. SYLVESTER. Well, I can only answer the ones I am familiar with. I am not familiar with any of them that are lending themselves to any Communist line. The ones I am familiar with are not.
Senator THURMOND. You don't know of any that do?
Mr. SYLVESTER. I said the ones that I am familiar with, and I am speaking now of newspapers and national magazines. This is in the general field to which I can speak. There may be other publications that
PUBLICATION OF STATEMENTS BY GUS HALL Senator THURMOND. In other words, you do not recall, for example, the announcement made by Gus Hall that his primary goal was the military and its anti-Communist education in seminars? Do you recall that statement made by Gus Hall in 1961
Mr. SYLVESTER. No; I do not remember.
Senator THURMOND. And you remember how it was picked up in the New York Times and how articles were written in the Washington Post and how articles came out in some of these Nation and other magazines ?
Mr. SYLVESTER. No; I have no independent recollection of it. Frankly, I do not pay very much attention to what Mr. Hall says.
Senator THURMOND. It is important, though, to read what papers say after he makes such a statement, is it not?
Mr. SYLVESTER. I would not think so, no.
Senator THURMOND. If a newspaper or magazine follows his line, you do not think it is important?
Mr. SYLVESTER. Aside from the Daily Worker, I know of no newspaper or publication that follows his line.
COMMUNIST AND PRO-COMMUNIST PRESS IN UNITED STATES
Senator THURMOND. How about the Communist and pro-Communist press in the United States? Does it respond to Soviet-inspired anti-United States propaganda!
Mr. SYLVESTER. I presume, Senator, if there is a Communist press in the United States, it would. I am not aware of any Communist press in the United States aside from the Daily Worker.
Senator THURMOND. Are you familiar with the Nation magazine ? Have you ever read it?
Mr. SYLVESTER. Yes, I have read it.
Senator THURMOND. Would you call that a pro-Communist publication?
Mr. SYLVESTER. No, I do not think I would. I haven't read it in recent years very much because I find it rather boring.
Senator THURMOND. Are you familiar with the reports of the House Committee on Un-American Activities?
Mr. SYLVESTER. Yes, I am. Senator THURMOND. Have you ever seen a letter written by Mr. Walter, chairman of this committee, to the Honorable Herbert Brownell, Attorney General of the United States, dated June 5, 1956, in which he identified Cary McWilliams, editor of Nation magazine, as a Communist ?
Mr. SYLVESTER. No.
Mr. SYLVESTER. Do your records show what Mr. Brownell did about it?