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in the Scriptures, of which he in- years is to constitute a period of
stances several examples ; but parti- judgement in the way of warning
cular stress is laid upon the 490 on the apostate empire, and also a
years of Daniel, calculated from the time during which the elect remnant
going forth of the decree to the is to be called out: and that in the
time of our Lord's death, and which latter period is to take place the re-
he states to have been 489 years and storation of Israel, the battle of Arma-
14 days. The accurateness of this geddon, the advent of Jesus, and the
statement he supports by the re- resurrection of the saints. Thus
markable testimony of Ferguson the Mr. Cuninghame sbews, that unpre-
astronomer, who in regard to the cedented wars and convulsions have
disputed period of the death of our agitated the states of Europe during
Lord has shewn, that it must have the former period, the principles of
taken place on the 3d April, 4746, which are still ripening towards a
of the Julian period ; that being the more awful crisis of judgement.
only year in which a passover full And he considers also, that the whole
moon could have fallen on a Friday of the seven vials began to be poured
for several years before or after the out in 1792; and that their effusion
whole period embraced in the con- is now rapidly going forward. On
troversy.c 1260 years thus calcu- the other hand he demonstrates that
lated from the edict of Justinian will the great preaching of the Gospel
“ lead us down (says our Author) to Jews and Gentiles commenced
precisely to the period of the French also contemporaneously, by the
Revolution;" when, according to the formation of the Baptist Mission-
almost unanimous voice of all com- ary Society in 1792, and the as-
mentators of our own times, the tonishing succession and gigantic
judgement of Daniel began to sit, efforts of successive evangelical in-
and the seventh trumpet sounded.d stitutions, which have since arisen
And as Mr. Faber, and others after in Great Britain, America, and vari-
him, consider the three and a half ous other parts.e
times as the moiety of seven times, The termination of this period in
which is the perfect number of Scrip- 1822 he considers to be marked,
ture, and supposed to be the period first, politically by the Greek insur-
specially meant by the times of the rection, which then assumed such a
Gentiles' domination over Israel,- form of organization that the Greeks
it is remarkable, that 1260 years, distinguish it as the first year of
reckoned backwards from the decree their independence. The events
of Justinian, brings us to the year which have flowed from it are
before Christ in which the captivity marked progress in the drying up of
of Israel commenced.

the mystic Euphrates; and the apIn the last chapter of Daniel pearance on the prophetic theatre, this chief prophetical period is so one and the same time, of reiterated, as to have attached to it the whole four empires of Daniel : two additional periods, the one of viz. Babylon, (now identified with thirty years, the other of forty five Turkey,) Persia, Greece and Rome. years, making in the whole 1335

Thus the gold, silver, brass, iron years. (vv. 11, 12.) It has been and clay are found in contemporlatterly supposed, that the thirty aneous existence ready for the stroke



c Ibid. preface p. viii, x.

e Scheme of Irving and

d Ibid. pp. 84. Frere, Exam. pref. x.

of the mystic stone;f which Mr. captivity in Jerusalem, since their Cuninghame conceives is the king- dispersion by the Romans.h dom of Israel restored to political Our limits will not allow us to existence. Secondly, he considers pursue this subject further than to the termination of this period to be observe, that Mr. Cuninghame's marked evangelically, by Mr. Wolfe view does not rest solely upon his (a converted Jew, sent out as one of a hypothesis of the dates : but is national mission to the ancient people corroborated by other parts of the of God) appearing at Jerusalem, and prophetical Scriptures (more esin the midst of the assembled rabbies pecially Matt. xxiv) on which great of the holy city confessing that light has been thrown by the signs Jesus is the Son of God. This he of the times, and the investigation asserts is the first preaching of the of prophecy. pure Gospel to the children of the

f Dan. ii, 34, 35, 44, 45.

h Scheme

& Strictures on Irving's Lectures, pref. xii.
of Frere, Exam. p. 114-117.


ON MISSIONARY EXERTIONS. die unconverted would be about three (From an American Paper.)

hundred and sixteen thousand mil

lions! If any can reconcile their beChristianity has been making lief and their feelings to such a prosprogress in the world about 1800 pect, we have not another word to years, and we have no reason to be say to them. From these calculalieve that more than ten millions, or tions it will be evident to all whom one eightieth part, of the inhabitants it is of any use to address, that the of the world are true believers in work of conversion is to go on, at no Christ. Let real conversions go on very distant day, with a power, and at this rate, and the whole world will rapidity, and continuousness, which be converted to God in 80 times few Christians of this age have ever 1800, or 144,000 years. Perhaps, thought of as possible. Scenes like however, this is not a fair computa- those of the apostolic age, when tion. Perhaps we ought to count thousands were converted at the the ten millions as the progress made hearing of one sermon, are then to be since the time of Luther, when pure witnessed.

witnessed. Our old notions on this christianity was revived. Say, then, subject are to be broken up, and we that one eightieth part of the world must learn to expect great things, has been converted in 300 years : at and attempt great things.” When this rate, piety would pervade the shall this be ?—Why not now?" earth in 24,000 years. Supposing the population of the earth to con

ON THE SAME; tinue during this period the same as

(From " An Inquiry after Prophetical at present, and to change once in

Truth, 8.c." by Joseph Tyso.) thirty years, and the progress of conversions to be uniform during the “ Some persons suppose the world whole period; the number who would will be evangelized by the ordinary




means of preaching the gospel only; from the least even to the greatest.” therefore they see no necessity for How disheartening the prospect, acthese prophetic wonders. Others, cording to human calculation, and who think it will be effected by the the use of present means ! But the personal appearance of Jesus Christ, prophecies cheer the drooping heart; and the pouring out of the Spirit for though the Jews be small and upon all flesh, conclude that mis- despised, and Christians weak and sions to the heathen are almost use- feeble, yet Christ will come and inless, therefore they refuse to labour crease and bless them. Thus saith in the missionary cause, and to aid the Lord, “ A little one shall become those who do. This, in my opinion, a thousand, and a small one a strong is holding the truth in unrighteous- nation, I the Lord will hasten it in

For though it be true that his time.” Isa. lx, 22. Then a nathe world will be converted by a

tion shall be born at once. Isa. special effusion of the Spirit, yet it lxvi, 8. As soon as Zion travailed is equally true that the gospel she brought forth. Then the proshould be preached to all nations lific mother will make the astofor the obedience of faith. Rom. i, nished inquiry, Who hath be5; vi, 26. Therefore all Christians gotten me these ?" Isa. xlix, 21. should unite their energies to fulfil The language of the New Testathe high command of their risen ment is equally decisive, ·For he Lord, “Go ye into all the world, will finish the work, and cut it short and preach the Gospel to every in righteousness; because a short creature.” Mark xvi, 15. This is a work will the Lord make upon the glorious work, in which every one earth.” Rom. ix, 28.” (p. 212.) should assist; happy is that servant whom, when his Lord cometh, he shall find so doing.”

A HINT ON PRAYER. But there are many Missionary

Extract from a Sermon by the very Societies in active operation; yet the Gospel at Boston in new England,

Rev. Increase Mather, D.D. Minister of infidelity is increasing. There is

preached in 1731, reprinted at Edinburgh a Reformation Society in England; 1714 ; " showing that the present disyet popery is increasing in several pensations of Providence declare that counties. There are Societies for wonderful revolutions in the world are

near at hand." the suppression of vice; yet crime is increasing though, in some

(Communicated by W. G. I.) places, evangelical piety is also in- • Mr. Mede has in my opinion creasing. The world is supposed excelled all who have written on to contain eight hundred millions the Revelation ; which has often of human beings, which die, and 'made me think of what an aged are renewed by their offspring, gentleman many years since inthree times in every century; so

formed me: viz. that when he was that all converts die in about thirty- a student in the university of Camfive years : and as all children are bridge, it being known that Mr. born unregenerate, the same work Mede was studying the Revelaof conversion is to be done over * tion, the Puritans of those days again every thirty years. With the (as good men were then honorably present rate of operation and suc- nicknamed) in their private meetcess, it would take more than ONE ings used to pray much for him,

" that the Lord would discover to YEARS to bring about that state · him the meaning of that mysterious when all shall know the Lord, i book.”





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Progress, and Decline: with notices TWO ESSAYS.-THE Holy of the Churches of Tralles, MagCatholic Church. The Millen nesia, Colosse, Hierapolis, Lyons, NIAL CHURCH. By the Rev. J. L. and Vienne; designed to show the JACKSON, M.A.

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[The above Tract is written under AN ADDRESS delivered at the peculiar circumstances; the Cholera conclusion of a meeting assembled having committed great ravages in for the purpose of considering the the town in which the Author resubject of UNFULFILLED PROPHECY, sides, many related to him by the hy the Rev. R. DALY, M.A. Rector ties of nature and of grace having of Powerscourt. London, Seeley ; been suddenly taken off by it, and Nisbet.

he himself attacked. These awful

realities, being about the writer, not A MAP OF CANAAN, OR THE only communicate a raciness to all LAND OF PROMISE ; designed chiefly his sentiments; but the Reader will to shew the manner in which it is find the subject generally treated to be divided at the final restoration with a force and perspicuity which of Judah and Israel to their inherit- render it a most useful and edifying ance, as foretold by the Prophet little work. Ed.]



his delineation in each separate

point of view; and after each has This chapter begins the 3d series been presented, and in a measure of John's visions, those which pro- apprehended, we must be in the perly form the prophetic history of Spiritto grasp the particulars in events subsequent to his day.—The their grand combination. first words denote a fresh vision; John was however called up to

AFTER this, I looked." The scene the Mount of vision, to behold the too is totally changed. Hitherto his entire scene and the complete action eye had beheld, first, the glorious of the prophecy, being “ in the anticipatory manifestation of Christ Spirit on the Lord's day.” May Jesus; secondly, the things which the same gracious Lord guide us concerned the seven churches under into all the truth concerning this his

own particular jurisdiction : revelation! for “only in His light now, thirdly, he " beheld a door can we see light.” opened in heaven;" because the v. 2. John “was immediately in events of futurity, though relating the Spirit :" whether in the body to things on earth, can be displayed or out of the body he could no only in and from that spiritual state more tell than Paul; but, like him, where time has no being, and where he was caught up to the third the whole succession of events is heaven, and heard unspeakable viewed at once. Perhaps a familiar words : for

so the first voice was illustration will be excused.-One as it were of a trumpet talking who stands in a valley when an with him;" but of that celestial army passes through a defile per- colloquy we are only told of the ceives it only as each person suc

call into his presence and of his cessively comes forth ; but he who promise, in coincidence with Rev. looks from the mountain's brow i, 1 and 10, to show him things beholds the whole army at once

which must be hereafter ; a coinin the defile and in the valley, and cidence that reveals the speaker has a bird's eye view of all the ob- to be Jesus Christ. Only the jects and scenery beneath him ; Son of man, who is in heaven, of the army likewise advancing to can show things to come; and that oppose, and of the various positions only to those who are in the Spirit, which each may seize. Thus on for the carnal mind cannot discern earth we can couceive of localities them.*

Probably Paul had similar and events only in succession, one visions and revelations ;a though for by one; whence the chief impedi- him it was not lawful to reveal ment to our apprehension of the them, except by such allusions as scheme of prophecy : for the divine Heb. xii, 22, &c. But John was teacher has to return frequently to commanded to reveal them ; so far the same point, and recommence as words can convey the idea of

* In this we see the distinct ministration of the two Persons. Jesus reveals what the Spirit enables the soul to apprehend.

a 2 Cor. xii. INVESTIGATOR, No. XI.


June, 1832.

2 w

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