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and as noxious, as the philan- therefore ready to acknowledge thropist, in his benevolent jour- the wildness of those schemers, ney, will ever realize. Mr. F. who expect with their own puny when he penned these remarks, instruments to cut down, at a seems to have forgotten the blow, the growth of half a centucharacter of Howard, which he ry. But we still believe, that had been just delineating. with weapons of a better temper,

Another illustration of the ex- and hands nerved with other travagant estimate of means is strength, they may lay low even the expectation of far too much the proudest trees of the forest. from mere instruction, commu- We are therefore unwilling to nicated either privately or from allow that means have been so the desk. Mr. F.'s remarks on unavailing, as Mr. F. would repthis subject are striking, and, resent. What would the venerthough perhaps not just to the able Vanderkemp, and the followextent to which he carries them, ers of the venerable Schwartz, have, with some alteration, been answer, if interrogated on this echoed by many a faithful cler- subject? Or rather, to what gyman. Perhaps in England his do the hundreds of Hottentots remarks may be strictly just. and the ten thousands of HinWe hear, perhaps because we doos, on the coast of Coromanare so distant, of few revivals of del, under God, attribute their religion in that country. If they conversion ? And how does the are just, they are enough to palsy great awakening in the time of the exertions of ordinary minds, President Edwards, and the nuand cramp those of the most res- merous smaller ones, which have olute. But to this country they followed it to this time, harwill not apply, without much monize with this representaqualification. Here it is certain- tion ? ly true, that an honest and faith- Mr. Foster concludes his Essay ful minister of Jesus Christ rare- with mentioning several of those ly toils through life to no pur. to whom the epithet romantic is pose. Few dig among the stones often unjustly applied. One of and earth continually, without these is the man, who takes high discovering here and there a examples for imitation ; who gem, to set in that “ crown of contemplates, with emotion, the glory which the Lord, the right class of men, who have been ileous Judge, will give them at his lustrious for their wisdom or coming.” As a general rule it their excellence ; and keeps is also true, that the success of them in view as the standard of clergymen here is somewhat pro- character. Another is he, who portioned to the sincerity, the devotes the privileges of the rank constancy, and the affectionate to which he belongs, to a mode zeal of their efforts. We hold of excellence, of which the peowith Mr. F. the deep rooted cor- ple who compose it never dreamruption of man ; we know that ed. He is a third, who makes sin is the natural growth of the and inculcates great sacrifices for heart, and that this growth is a purely moral and ideal reward. rank and noxious; and are Another, who thinks himself

bound to realize as far, and as pends wholly on himself, it is soon as possible, what in theory romantic only when there is some he approves and applauds. A fatal intellectual or moral defect fifth, is the man who aims at in the mind itself which has eminent personal attainments. adopted it. Since the success of the plan de

To be continued.

Religious Jntelligence.



The General Convention of Con. From the unerring word of prophe. gregational and Presbyterian Minis. cy we are assured that the glorious ters in the State of Vermont, (as. kingdom of grace shall, in due time, sembled at Middlebury on the Ist be extended over the whole earth, day of Sept. 1807) impressed with a and that all sball know the Lord, sense of the obligation İying on Chris- from the least to the greatest. But tians to diffuse the knowledge of our how is this to be effected! By the Lord Jesus Christ, and the glorious preaching of the gospel to w every doctrines of his gospel; commiserat. nation, and kindred, and tongue, and ing the case of the many thousands people.” This is the great, the of precious souls in this siate and the principal mean, which Christ bath neighbouring territories, whose situa- appointed, for spreading the light of tion and circumstances prevent their divine truth. When he gave com. enjoying those ordinances, which mission to his ministers, for the Christ hath appointed for the sanctifi. building up of his kingdom, he com. cation, comfort and salvation of men ; manded them to “ go and preach the and being desirous of affording them gospel to every creature." This aid and assistance, formed themselves command, though directed immediateinto a MISSIONARY SOCIETY, ly to ministers, necessarily implies an and appointed a board of Trustees tó obligation on Christians, to aid them prepare the way for carrying into ef- in the work. For, as the state of the fect the designs of the society. This world has ever been, and still is, the board was composed of the following ministers of Christ cannot execute persons. Rev. Asa Burton, D. D. this command, without the pecuniary Rev. Martin Tullar, Rev. Gershom assistance of others. Thus the c. Lyman, Rev. Lemuel Haynes, propagation of the gospel was first Rev. Jedidiah Bushnell

, Rev. Thom- begun. Those, who had embraced it, as A. Merrill, Hon. Beriah Loomis, enjoyed its institutions and tasted its Hon. Elisha Allis, Samuel Miller, sweetness, contributed to the support Esq. Col. Seth Storrs, Deac. Nathan of the apostles, while they went and Cooledge, and Deac. Timothy Board. preached to others. man. Agreeably to the instructions In this way has the gospel been of the Convention, the Trustees as. spread ; in this way, no doubt, will it sembled at Cornwall, on the 8th day continue to be spread, till “ all naof October, 1807, and voted to send tions shall see the salvation of God.” the following Ad.!ress to the Church. Within a few years God hath opened es and Congregations in this State, the hearts of Christians in a remarkaand parts acijacent.

ble manner to exert themselves in his DeaBRETHREN AND FRIENDS,

cause, and disposed them to “honour We beg leave to call your atten.

the Lord with their substance," by tion to a subject, important as the

their liberal contributions. These glory of the Saviour; interesting as have enabled the messengers of his the salvation of immortal souls. grace to carry the glad tidings of “ hardly

salvation into many parts of the world, whether the great salvation did not where the people sat in the “region come to our guilty world unsought | and shadow of death.” Many thou. Whether the Lord did not follow you sands, who must otherwise have with the calls and offers of his grace, perished in darkness, are now rejoic. when you were fleeing from him, and ing among the ransomed of the Lord, had no desire of acquaintance with and preparing to sing eternal praises him! Had he not done this, what to “Him, who hath redeemed them must have been your present condi. from the earth.”

tion! “Let the same mind be in you, From a desire to aid on a work so which was also in Christ Jesus." glorious, this society has been form- Follow the perfect example of your ed; and we now earnestly solicit Lord, “who went about doing good," your liberal contributions and fervent remembering that he said, “it is prayers. We invite you to “come up more blessed to give than to receive.” to the help of the Lord;" to come If your prayers and alms ascend to. forward to the relief of those, who are gether, they shall come as a sweet perishing and know not their danger, memorial before the Lord, and your nor have any to warn them. If, at charity shall return into your own bothe house of the Lord, and the or- soms, for “he who watereth shall be dinances of the gospel, you find your watered himself.” selves edified, refreshed and comfort. MARTIN TULLAR, Chairman, ed, forget not the pious souls, scatter. THOMAS A. MERRILL, Sec. ed here and there, in new settlements, who are mourning after the Lord, and pass heavily along, bestead and hungry," because they

FOREIGN cannot enjoy the provisions of God's house, those means of quickening and CATHOLIC MISSION IN CHINA. consolation which you enjoy. If you have tasted and seen that the Lord is Translated from the Memorial Euro. good, are you not ready to invite, peen of Tuesday, June 2, 1806. and solicitous to persuade all to come and taste and see the same goodness ? Extract from several Letters written Will you not cheerfully assist others by the Missionaries of the Foreign to carry the invitation to those, whom

Missionary Seminary at Paris, dated your voices cannot reach?

from the Province of Sutchuen, in Have affecting views of the “glory China. of God, in the face of Jesus Christ,” and of the divine plan of salvation,

The Christian religion continues sometimes filled your hearts with joy, to make sensible progress in this and “put a song of praise” into your province: 5181 heathens have emmouths? Think, what have been your braced the faith in the course of the feelings, at such seasons, respecting last year ; 6039 children have been those who are yet in the “gall of baptised. The infidels come of their bitterness and bonds of iniquity ?”

own accord to be instructed, and to Have not your desires and prayers,

request books ; which we gratuitousfor their enlightening and conversion,

ly distribute among them, in order to been sincere and ardent ? Have you acquaint them with both doctrines not felt an anxiety, if possible, to do and morality. The mildness of the something for their spiritual good ? government, and the manner in which Were these desires improper ? Will it conducts itself with respect to the you not then endeavour to revive Christians, make us hope to enjoy them, and embrace the opportunity, peace. We have experienced no now presented of gratifying them, by persecutions under the government of sending the means of instruction and the new emperor. The mandarins sanctification to the destitute ? no longer receive the denunciations

Should the enemy tempt you to which the Pagans used to bring withhold your liberality, by suggest against us, on account of our religion. ing that some to whom Missionaries Religious assemblies are publicly are sent, are able to help themselves, held, without any interruption fron if disposed, be pleased to consider the city governors.

In the district of Tonquin, a Chris. third ; and ten others which are call: tian, who had refused to give money ed Ting, and are a part of the twelve for the support of a superstitious first: it is divided into four parts, the ceremony, was discharged by the east, west, north, and south. True collectors from a silk manufactory, religion is nearly equally spread where he gained his living. The through those four parts, and has newly baptised, vexed to see himself made nearly equal progress. In the eompelled to abandon his trade, eastern division are reckoned 117 80entered an action against them. The cieties of Christians, 172 in the west, mandarins gave the verdict in favour 43 in the north, and 132 in the south. of the Christian; and said to his ad. The number of Christians in the versaries, “Since the Christians ask whole, amounts to 48,000 : whereas you for no money for the exercise of in 1785 there were only 24. But, in their religion, you have no right to order to visit and administer to all the force it from them for yours.” In converts, an immense tract of coun. another district, a Christian, having try must be traversed, whilst there refused to contribute to a comedy, are, from the seminary at Paris, only wherein the Pagans made eulogia on four missionaries, comprehending the their idols, was beaten by the collec. bishop and nineteen Chinese priests. tors. The affair having been carried We are now endeavouring to estab. before the government of the place, lish a national clergy. The schools they ordered the collectors to be ar. in which the Christian religion is rested ; and each of them to receive taught are not at all disturbed. The fitteen blows on their feet, for en. Pagans sometimes request us to ad. deavouring, by their private authori. mit their children, in order to teach ty, to force the Christians to contrib- them to read the school writers, and ate to a religious ceremony contrary write their characters. We have, in to their consciences. Indeed, the this province, sixty four Christian converts hold their assemblies pub- schools ; of which thirty five are boys, licly, without any opposition from the and twenty nine girls. It is melan. government; and religion is preached choly to think we cannot increase in all public places and markets, with these institutions; the poverty of the out any obstacle being put in the inhabitants generally forbid it. The way by the superintendents. After emperor has sent for two new Lazasuch å decided toleration there is rist missionaries to Pekin, who left the greatest reason to hope for an ex- Canton last summer, in order to go tensive progress to be made here in to the capital. Christianity, if a sufficient number of By these letters we find that the evangelical labourers will but come to hordes of rebels, who troubled the us, in order to preach in this vast prov. empire in 1803, are entirely dispersimce. It is 300 leagues from east to ed; and that the late report of civil west, and 320 from north to south. It war, rumoured abroad by some mis. contains 12 cities of the first order, informed merchants, deserves ne 29 of the second, and 110 of the credit.

Literary Intelligence.



It is well known to the public that work now extant. As many literary Mr. Webster, of New Haven, bas gentlemen, either from inattention to been many years engaged in preparing the subject, or from misapprehension materials

for a new Dictionary of our of the compiler's views, have ques. language, to be execu:ed on a plan tioned the necessity or the utility of different from that of any similar such a dictionary ; and most unwarrantable attempts have been made to many historical facts, equally curious excite prejudices against the contem- and interesting. This department of plated work, we have obtained a brief the work, the author supposes, will statement of the plan of it, and the “require as much labour, as Johnson objects intended to be accomplished bestowed on his whole work.” by this arduous undertaking.

III. Another principal object with 1. The proposed dictionary is in the compiler, is, “ to lessen the tax tended to supply the defects of the upon men of letters, imposed by the ne. English dictionaries. The great im- cessity of purchasing several dictiona. provements which have been made in ries, and especially of purchasing a many branches of knowledge, within great deal of useless matter in Johnthe last thirty or forty years, and par- son's large work.” It is believed to be ticularly in the various departments practicable to unite the advantages of of natural history, as in chemistry, all the present dictionaries, and digest botany, zoology, mineralogy, &c. have the whole work into a form and size, introduced into our language many which shall be much less expensive, new terms, and essentially varied the than even the single dictionary of Johnapplication of others; by which son, either in quarto or octavo. The means the dictionaries now in use are plan of the work, now executing, has rendered extremely imperfect. been laid before the Connecticut acad.

II. Another object is to correct the emy, and received their approbation. errors of the present dictionaries. It is intended to render this work These are far more in number than as accurate and complete as possible. men of letters suppose. In orthog. For this purpose the manuscript is raphy, the errors are but few, but read to the gentlemen of the Connectsome of them too palpable to be over- icut Academy of Arts and Sciences, looked. In definitions, the errors are among whom are professors, classical numerous and important. These scholars, and professional men of dishave proceeded, Mr. Webster sup. tinction, whose criticisms cannot fail poses, from Johnson's.“mistaking to be very useful, and to render the the sense of words used in his author. work, what every such work ought to ities, or from his ignorance of ety- be, minutely accurate. mology. A want of nice discrimina. This great work, which requires tion between the senses of words the incessant labour of at least ten which are apparently synonymous, or years, we are sorry, for our country's which have something common in honour, to say, is undertaken as Johntheir signification, has contributed to son's dictionary was written, “ with introduce or perpetuate a misapplica- little assistance of the learned, and tion of terms, and much confusion of without any patronage of the great. ideas."

So incompetent are the author's reIn etymology, Johnson and Bailey, sources to the expenses of the under. as well as all the other English authors taking, that we understand he has not of dictionaries, exhibit, in the view of been able to procure all the books, Mr. Webster, little less than " a tis. which he wishes to consult. But his sue of mistakes and imperfections ; persuasion of the utility of the work, while the origin and history of our lan- and his confidence of success, buoy guage lie buried in obscurity.” In him above despondence ; while almost this unexplored field, Mr. Webster daily discoveries of something interlabours with great and very com. esting in the history and progress of mendable diligence; tracing words nations, contribute to smooth the rug. 10 their radicals through five, six, ged path of investigation. and in some cases even ten and twelve different languages. By this means, he is usually enabled to arrive at the

CONNECTICUT ACADEMY primitive idea annexed to a word, and to trace its several applications. This institution originated at New This process we consider of great Haven in the spring of 1799. About use in ascertaining both orthography twenty gentlemen, among whom were and definition ; and in explaining dif- the President of Yale College, and ficulties which have embarrassed for the principal literary characters in mer lexicographers. It unfolds also the town, associated, formed a plan




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