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Changes to the archbishop of York's palace. Enter archbishop of York, Hastings, Thomas Mowbray

(earl marshal) and lord Bardolph. York. Thus have you heard our cause, and know

our means;
And, my most noble friends, I pray you all,
Speak plainly your opinions of our hopes.-
And first, lord marshal, what say you to it?

Mowb. I well allow the occasion of our arms;
But gladly would be better satisfied
How, in our means, we should advance ourselves,
To look with forehead bold and big enough
Upon the power and puissance of the king?

Haft. Our present musters grow upon the file
To five-and-twenty thousand men of choice ;
And our supplies live largely in the hope
Of great Northumberland, whose bosom burns
With an incensed fire of injuries.
Bard. The question then, lord Hastings, standeth

thus Whether our present five-and-twenty thousand May hold up head without Northumberland?

Haft. With him we may.

Bard. Ay, marry, there's the point :
But if without him we be thought too feeble,
My judgment is, we should not 3 step too far
Till we had his assistance by the hand.
For in a theme fo bloody-fac'd as this,
Conjecture, expectation, and surmise
Of aids uncertain, should not be admitted.

York. 'Tis very true, lord Bardolph; for, indeed, It was young Hotspur's case at Shrewsbury.

3. Rep too far) The four following lines were added in the second edition. JOHNSON.


Bard. It was, my lord; who lind himself with

Eating the air on promise of supply;
Flattering himself with project of a power
Much smaller than the smallest of his thoughts :
And so, with great imagination,
Proper to madmen, led his powers to death,
And, winking, leap'd into destruction.

Haft. But, by your leave, it never yer did hurt
To lay down likelihoods, and forms of hope.

Bard. 4 Yes, in this present quality of war, Indeed of instant action; a cause on foot

4 Yes, in this present quality of war,

Indeed the instaut action;] These first twenty lines were first inserted in the folio of 1623.

The first claufe of this paffage is evidently corrupted. All the folio editions and Mr. Rowe's concur in the same reading, which Mr. Pope altered thus,

Yes, if this present quality of war

Impede the instant act. This has been filently followed by Mr. Theobald, Sir Thomas Hanmer, and Dr. Warburton ; but the corruption is certainly deeper; for in the present reading Bardolph makes the inconvenience of hope to be that it may cause delay, when indeed the whole tenor of his argument is to recommend delay to the rest that are too forward. I know not what to propose, and am afraid that something is omitted, and that the injury is irremediable. Yet, perhaps, the alteration requifite is no more than this:

Yes, in this present quality of war,

Indeed of infi ant action. It never, says Hattings, did harm to lay down likelihoods of hope. Yes, says Bardolph, it has done harm in this present quality of war, in a state of things such as is now before us, of war, indeed of instant action. This is obscure, but Mr. Pope's reading is still less reasonable. JOHNSON.

I have adopted Dr. Johnson's emendation, though I think we might read,

if the present quality of war

Impel the instant action. Hastings fays, it never yet did hurt to lay down likelihoods and forms of hope. Yes, fays Bardolph, it has in every case like ours, where an army inferior in number, and waiting for supplies, has, without that reinforcement, impell’d or hastily brought on an immediate action. Steevens.


Bb 4

Lives fo in hope, as in an early spring
We see the appearing buds; which, to prove fruit,
Hope gives not so much warrant, as despair
That frofts will bite them. When we mean to build,
We first survey the plot, then draw the model ;
And when we see the figure of the house,
Then must we rate the cost of the erection :
Which, if we find outweighs ability,
What do we then but draw a-new the model
In fewer offices ? or, at least, desist
To build at all? Much more, in this great work,
(Which is almost to pluck a kingdom down,
And fet another up) should we survey
The plot of situation, and the model ;
Consent upon a fure foundation ;
Question surveyors; know our own estate,
How able such a work to undergo,
To weigh against his opposite; or else,
We fortify in paper, and in figures,
Using the names of men initead of men:
Like one that draws the model of a house
Beyond his power to build it; who, half through,
Gives o’er, and leaves his part-created cost
A naked subject to the weeping clouds,
And waste for churlish winter's tyranny.

Haft. Grant, that our hopes, yet likely of fair birth,
Should be still-born, and that we now possess'd
The utmost man of expectation,
I think we are a body itrong enough,
Even as we are, to equal with the king.
Bard. What is the king but five-and-twenty thou-

fand ? Haft. To us, no more; nay, not so much, lord

Bardolphi. For his divisions, as the times do brawl, Are in three heads : one power against the French, And one against Glendower ; perforce a third Must take up us: so is the unfirm king


In three divided; and his coffers found
With hollow poverty and emptiness.
York. That he should draw his several strengths to-

And come against us in full puissance,
Need not be dreaded.

Haft. 5 If he should do so, He leaves his back unarm'd, the French and Welsh Baying him at the heels: never fear that.

Bard. Who, is it like, should lead his forces hither?

Hast. The duke of Lancaster and Westmorland : Against the Welsh, himself and Harry Monmouth : But who is substituted ’gainst the French I have no certain notice.

York. 6 Let us on; And publish the occasion of our arms. The commonwealth is sick of their own choice; Their over-greedy love hath surfeited. An habitation giddy and unsure Hath he that buildeth on the vulgar heart. O thou fond many! with what loud applause Didst thou beat heaven with blessing Bolingbroke, Before he was what thou would'st have him be? And now, being trimm'd up in thine own desires, Thou, beastly feeder, art fo full of him, That thou provok'st thyself to cast him up. So, fo, thou common dog, didst thou disgorge Thy glutton bosom of the royal Richard; And now thou would'st eat thy dead vomit up, And howl'st to find it. What trust is in these times ?

5 If he should do so,] This passage is read in the first edition thus : If he should do so, French and Welsh he leaves his back unarm'd, they baying him at the heels, never fear that. These lines, which were evidently printed from an interlined copy not understood, are properly regulated in the next edition, and are here only mentioned to thew what errors may be suspected to semain. JOHNSON.

6 Let us on, &c.] This excellent speech of York was one of the passages added by Shakespeare after his first edition. Pore.


They, that when Richard liv’d, would have him die,
Are now become enamour'd on his grave:
Thou, that threw'st dust upon his goodly head,
When through proud London he came fighing on
After the admired heels of Bolingbroke,
Cry'st now, O earth, give us that king again,
And take thou this! O thoughts of men accurst!
Paft and to come seem best; things present worst.

Mowb. Shall we go draw our numbers, and set on?
Haft. We are time's subjects, and time bids be gone.




A street in London.

Enter Hostess, with two officers, Pbang, bis boy, and

Snare following


CASTER Phang, have you enter'd the action?

Phang. It is enter'd.
Hoft. Where is your yeoman? Is it a lufty yeoman?
Will a' stand to it?

Pbang. Sirrah, where's Snare?
Hoft. O lord, ay, good master Snare.
Snare. Here, here.
Phang. Snare, we must arrest Sir John Falstaff.

Hoft. Ay, good master Snare; I have enter'd him and all.

Snare. It may chance cost some of us our lives, for he will stab.

Hoft. Alas the day! take heed of him; he stabb’d me in mine own house, and that most beastly: he cares


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