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him," and exalted him to be governor is remarkably typical of the conduct over Egypt. Then came the famine, of the Jews towards Christ, who which was the judgment chosen of came to his own, but his own reGod whereby to exalt Joseph still ceived him not;"~" they would not more, and to humble his persecutors. have this man to reign over them ;' They came " and bowed down to &c. But he, whom they rejected,

him with their face toward the God nevertheless “ exalted to be a

earth, and licked up the dust of “ Prince and a Saviour, and to give « his feet;" And at the second repentance to ISRAEL;"_and he

time Joseph was made known to it is who still, “ in the time of

his brethren.' Herein was in- Jacob's trouble, will save him out timated to the Jews the affliction and or of it.” (See Jer. xxx, 1--9.) famine of the word, which they would When the bondage is grievous, he experience on account of their envy; will prove their deliverer, and bring the intermediate exaltation of “ that them up out of their captivity. Just one” whom, as they thought, At verse 37 he begins a more they had slain ; and his revealing special application of this type; himself to them at their second shewing that Moses was not rejected coming to him and the circum- merely by an individual transgression, stance, that at the SECOND time and when he was in circumstances Joseph made known himself, re- whereof they might question his markably coincides with an opinion being appointed of God to deliver held by some modern interpreters of them; but afterwards, they could prophecy, that there are to be three not endure the wilderness church distinct acts of gathering at the state ; and the whole nation—those restoration of the Jews ; in the whom the Jews of Stephen's period second of which, -having been pre- boasted of their Fathers, viously brought together in an un- Would not obey, but thrust him converted state, and having Jesus “ from them, and in their hearts even in a manner with them, as the “ returned unto Egypt." And he patriarchs were with Joseph, yet further intimates, (by noticing their without knowing him, -Jesus will obduracy, to which God had given plead with them by affliction in the them up, and for which they were wilderness, and then reveal himself carried captive beyond Babylon) to them.

what would be the judgment of that 3. In verse 21-43 Moses is present race, of whom the Lord had brought before them, another emi- said, that they should be blinded and nent type of Christ, as Stephen bowed down. openly insists in verse 37. His first 4. In the last instance, (verses 44 offer of service is instanced ; as also —50 inclusive,) he apparently aims the circumstance, that he was re- at their idolatrous glorying in their jected by them, as a ruler and a temple, insisting (verses 48—50) judge :” and Stephen afterwards both of the tabernacle and temple, specially dwells on the circumstance, that they misunderstood them as that this very Moses “ whom they types; and that the most High was

refused, saying, who made thee a not limited to such places, as in “ ruler and a judge ? the same did their carnal notions they probably “ God send to be a ruler and de- imagined. Some commentators have

liverer;" who brought them out of concluded, from the mention of the Egypt, when they had previously tabernacle and temple in the four been reduced to great straits. This previous verses, that the design of

as

nance.

Stephen was to shew, that they had not they were the persons who had not
had the temple always at Jerusalem; kept the law; and that they had
but that God also gave a witness of never understood the nature and
himself in the wilderness. I appre- meaning of the temple as an ordi-
hend however, that he chiefly intends

And as to the prophets, and
to refer to the wilderness state, the Just one, or Messiah, whom
which the church has to pass through; they professed to acknowledge, they
more especially as he introduces had persecuted and killed both the
David and Solomon, the types of one and the other !
Christ suffering and triumphant ; The catastrophe follows. As
the tabernacle likewise being a type Stephen commenced his speech with
of the church in its fugitive state, a manifest glory shining on his face ;
and the temple of its more permanent that, if conviction might reach them,
condition. For he lays a stress upon they might be sensible, that the
the circumstance, that David de Holy Ghost spake in him: so, in
sired to build the house, but that conclusion, the Lord affords another
Solomon was chosen to accomplish marvellous attestation to the fact
it. The church is thus glanced at which Stephen had insinuated. The
at two different periods ; first with heavens open and Stephen sees that
Israel in the wilderness, which may Jesus, whom they gloried in having
be considered typical of the time destroyed, nevertheless exalted at
of trial to Jewish saints and martyrs; the right hand of God; and he is
secondly, when brought in by Joshua permitted to confirm and illustrate
into the possession of the Gentiles, his testimony by declaring this fact.
typical of the spiritual tabernacle of But horribly awful is the condition
David being among us, during the of souls given up to hardness! His
times of the Gentiles. But Solomon angelic countenance, his recital of
built the house ; which shews, that circumstances so calculated to pro-
its permanent state must be patiently duce conviction, his pungent appli-
waited for, and that it will be accom- cation, his appeal to the visible
plished under Messiah triumphant. manifestation to him of Christ in

5. The application remains; in heaven,-all these things prove
which he briefly charges his ad- powerless ! His opponents gnash
versaries with resisting the Holy on him with their teeth,—they
Ghost, in the same spirit as their vociferate aloud,—they stop their
fathers did. As regarded the law, ears,--they rush simultaneously upon
and the temple which they accused him,—and they murder him in the
him of subverting, he insists, that attidude of prayer for his assassins !

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40

REVIEW OF BOOKS, &c.

Under this department of the Investigator we purpose to bring before our Readers the substance of every work connected with the subject of Prophecy, and entitled to any consideration. Some we shall occasionally review ;-of some we shall only briefly state the contents ;-of others we shall present a condensed summary of the chief arguments and observations.

One great obstacle, with which persons engaged in prophetical inquiry meet, is the lamentable want of information betrayed by the majority. Objections, assumed to be original, are sometimes advanced with a confidence, which would be abashed, were it known, that they had long ago been silenced by triumphant refutations; whilst, on the other hand, crude speculations would often be prevented, and the dogmatical importance of supposed discovery, were the researches of former writers more generally known.

Further than this, the press teems with so many modern productions on the subject, (to say nothing of older authors,) that it is quite out of the power of most to find leisure for the perusal of them all ; and equally beyond the pecuniary means of many to procure them : and therefore such a description of them, as shall enable our Readers to form some estimate of the merits and contents of each, and afford them the opportunity of selecting those writers for a more intimate acquaintance, whose works seem most to commend themselves to their judgment, appears in the present state of Literature to be a desideratum.

1. The Books of the Old and New Testaments proved to be Canonical, and their Verbal Inspiration established, &c. By ROBERT HALDANE, Esq.

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2. The Theories of Inspiration of the Rev. D. Wilson, Rev. Dr. P. Smith, and the Rev. Dr. Dick, proved to be erroneous : with Remarks on the Christian Observer and Eclectic Review. By ALEXANDER CARSON, A.M. &c. Pp. 223,-small 8vo. 39. 6d. Hamilton & Co. 1830.

We shall commence our course be arrived at by those, who glide not with the notice of a few works like the swallow over the mere surwhich touch upon the elementary face of prophecy, dipping only here principles of prophetic discussion. and there; but who take a proper and To some those two, the titles of comprehensive view of the question which head these remarks, will per- now at issue. Some of the most haps appear foreign to the subject : contemptuous and disparaging sena different conclusion however will timents in regard to prophecy, have proceeded, as we are persuaded, temper of mind such as that, which from Christians, who are unsound can delight in the metaphysical figin their views of the AUTHORITY of ments exposed by Messrs. Haldane the written Word: men would never and Carson, is the very last which is talk of the unimportance and un- likely to arr

likely to arrive at solid and satisprofitableness of that, which they factory views in regard to prophecy. acknowledge to have some founda- If the subject be seriously taken up, tion in Scripture, did they with the it will suffer damage by the admixheart believe, that the Scriptures ture of fanciful and unwarrantable are really the voice of God; --they interpretations; which, being laid as would not turn their backs with the basis or built up with the superindifference, not to say insult, upon structure, render the whole edifice vast portions of the Word, were insecure. But more probably such there not working in them some persons will be found to have their latent and subtle leaven of infidelity, antipathies decidedly recoiling from in regard to the authenticity and in- an investigation, which, rigidly spiration of that Word. It is truly

It is truly conducted, must dash to pieces many frightful to consider to what an of those fond systems and modes of alarming extent the evangelical lump interpretation, in which they now is leavened with this leaven! Multi- glory and delight. tudes have taken the infection, who It would not be candid to leave it do not for a moment suspect their to be inferred from these remarks, own opinions : how can it be other- that Messrs. Haldane and Carson wise, when some of the most popu- have spoken out upon the subject of lar preachers and writers are in this prophecy; or that their works were fundamental article deeply entangled written with any particular reference in the snares of Neology; and are to it. We know not what their leading their disciples into the fa- views on this question may be ; nor tal depths of Schleirmacher, Eich- do we consider it indispensable to horn, and others of the German their complete orthodoxy, that they School. Will it be believed, that should in all points agree with us : such men as the Rev. D. Wilson in but sure we are, that, if, in reference the Establishment; such men out of to serious discussion on the subject, it as Doctors Doddridge, Pye Smith, they follow out their own principles, and Dick; and such extensively cir- as exhibited in the following extracts culated publications as the Christian from their writings, they will be Observer and Eclectic Review, have found among the zealous promoters been unconsciously helping to under- of Investigation : from them at least mine and overthrow the whole fa- we shall never hear such objections, brick of divine revelation! Yet such as the unprofitableness, unimportance, we are fully convinced, from a pe- or difficulty of the subject. rusal of the above two publications, Having instanced the objections is the fact : the perverted ingenuity against the inspiration of 1 Tim. iv, and wisdom of men have diverted 13, on the ground that they are too Christians from their strong vantage unimportant, Mr. HALDANE says: ground in regard to the canon and the inspiration of Scripture; and by " Such a conclusion, even if we could inventing unwarrantable distinctions

not discover their use, would be altogether

unwarrantable. On the same principle we in regard to the latter, have intro

might reject many other parts of Scripture, duced false theories, withering delu

the import of which we do not understand; sions, and sceptical subtleties! A but, in doing so, we should act both as

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absurdly and irreverently as the daring who adopt this theory, quarrel with Arians, infidel, who might assert, that a worm or who give a similar new guide to direct plain a mushroom was not the workmanship of

christians to discriminate in the Scriptures God, because it appeared to him insig- what is important or fundamental trutlı, nificant ; or that the whole world was not from what is uncertain, unimportant, er created by God, because it contained de- speculative? Nothing, say they, can be serts and barren wastes, the use of which fundamental truth, but what is found in he did not comprehend.” P. 105. each of the Gospels. By such infidel cri

terions men continue to reprobate every Mr. CARSON on the same subject thing in the Scriptures which they dis

like." P. 150. says:

16 A pas

he says:

" Mr. Wilson believes Paul to be in- We shall notice here one other inspired in this direction, because he fan

passage in answer to the objection cies it is not destitute of practical use :

on the ground of difficulties. I believe it to have practical use, because it is the word of inspiration.”

Though I have demonstrated, that the sage may contain instruction, yet we may doctrine of plenary inspiration has no difbe unable to see it: are we then to hesi- ficulties, I will admit, for argument sake, tate about its inspiration, till we can find that it has : what can my opponent the looked for edification ? Does not this

make of the admission ? Shall the existwarrant the denial of the most important, ence of difficulties be a sufficient reason to truths of the gospel, when individuals can

deny what the Scriptures, with such a not perceive their advantage?” Pages 34 mass of evidence, assert?

Then give up and 35.

the sovereignty of grace; give up particu

lar redemption; give up the divinity of Again, noticing the objections of Christ ; give up the Scriptures themselves; some to Scripture truths which to give up the existence of God.

It is a them appear useless or unnecessary,

shame for any man, acquainted with theology and science, to talk of difficulties, as rendering any sentiment untenable. No

important subject is free from difficulties, "Shall we be allowed to be better

and some of the most important have the judges of what is necessary than God?

most puzzling difficulties. It is evidently How many things will human wisdom re

the design of the divine procedure, that ject in Scripture, if this theory be allowed ?

such difficulties should try the humility Some think a general judgment unneces

and faith of God's people, while they are sary, seeing every man is judged at death;

as gins and snares to human wisdom. Yet and according to this theory they are jus- it is not agreeable, even to the wisdom of tifiable in attempting to explain Scripture,

this world, to deny a doctrine for having in conformity with their opinion.” p. 112.

difficulties, even great difficulties. In op• Is it modest to say, that a passage can

position to Dr. S. I maintain, with the have no religious use, if we cannot imme

greatest confidence of conviction, that radiately perceive that use? No, it is not

tional criticism cannot set aside, by difmodest, it is atheistical-it is irrational.”

ficulties, any doctrine alleging a foundation P. 147. " There is good sense as well as

in Scripture. Though I had been obliged piety in the observation of Mr. Scott,

to leave this objection unanswered,that if we could not understand or get though Dr. S. had given me passages 'any benefit from certain portions of the

which I could not reconcile with the docScriptures, it would be more reasonable

trine of verbal inspiration, I would have • to blame our own dulness, than so much

trampled on his objection as insufficient, as in thought to censure them as useless.'

There are many difficulties in the ScripThis is a sentiment that breathes the true

tures that may never be solved by man. spirit of christianity." P. 165.

A resolution to receive no doctrine that

has unsolved difficulties, would be a sympOn the comparative importance of tom, not of wisdom, but of weakness.' certain portions of Scripture over Pp. 116, 117. others, he says :

The application of these senti- Can the man who has made, or those ments to the prophetical question

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