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of the Lord. If masters, they tle towards all men, they could rendered to their servants that not bear them, who were evil; which was just and equal ; and but hated

the garment if servants, they obeyed their spotted by the flesh. As they masters not with eye service as testified to the world, that their men pleasers, but in singleness works were evil, they were also of heart, fearing God. On every careful to watch over one anothfirst day of the week they were er in love, lest any root of bitter. visibly separated from the world, ness, springing up among themand continued stedfastly in the selves, should trouble them, and apostles' doctrine and fellow. thereby many be defiled. Knowship ; in breaking of bread and ing that a little leaven leaveneth in prayers. This separation was the whole lump, they did not supported during the week by a connive at each other's sins, but denial of all ungodliness, and put away evil from among them, worldly lusts, living soberly, either by admonition, rebuke, or righteously, and godly in the exclusion, as the nature of the world. Whilst ready to every offence and the commandments good work in society, they had of their Master required. no fellowship with the unfruitful

CYPRIAN. works of darkness, but rather

To be continued. reproved them. Although gen

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Continued from page 274. ALEXIPHARMIC contains ad- have not heretofore been consid. ditional observations on the ob- ered as extending north of the scurity of the opinion, which the Hudson. ancients entertained, and which Under the article Allium some some of the moderns still enter- useful directions are added in tain, of the operation of suppos- the American Edition, on the ed antidotes to poison.

mode of cultivating onions in Alkali contains some new in- , the United States. formation relating to the essen- Additions have been made to tial properties of that order of the following articles in this salts.

number besides those we have Alleghany Mountains and Riv. already mentioned : Albugo, er have received very material Alcohol, Alembroth Salt, Alfred additions; yet we think those in Biography, Alhuys, Alibi, Alien, articles far less full than they Alliteration, Allusion, Alluvion, ought to have been. We ques- Alnwick, Aloes, Alvah, Alveoli, tion the propriety of calling the and Alum. Mountains of New Hampshire, The following articles Vermont, and Massachusetts, new : Aleino Mont, Aleonchol, Alleghany, Mountains. They

They Alderburgh, Alderton-point, Al




fred in Geography, Allah-Shur, the Panoplist, we shall gire a Alley, Almsbury, Alpuach, Alstead, more particular review than we Alslon-Moor, Altdorf, Alten, Al have thought proper to bestow tun-Kupfree, Altyn-Obo, Alvi- on any preceding article. ID dras, Alupka, and Aly-ghur. making our observations, we shall

Among the plates we observe pursue the course followed by a better delineation of the paths the writers, however defective in of comets, than we have ever method, as this is the only natbefore seen. The orbits and in- ural way in which a review can clinations of seventy two of these be conducted. irregular bodies are described. We are first presented with a

Few books, printed in any refutation of the opinion that country, are more free from ty- either the Phenicians in ancient, pographical errors, than this or the Chinese in modern times, part of the first volume, and the have visited America, and with mechanical execution in general a supposition that the Icelandwill be acknowledged by every

ers and Norwegians may have man to be excellent.

frequented the shores of Green. land before the time of Colum

bus. On the subject of Amber, the

The next thing worthy of noreader will find, in the Ameri- tice is a suggestion of the infecan edition, some new conjec- riority of the Americans to the tures from M. Patrin on the inhabitants of the Eastern conti. formation of this curious sub- nent, which is conveyed in the stance, with an account of a mode declaration, “ that they are less of making artificial amber pos- industrious and less inventive sessing all the properties of the than the people of the old world, true, by Professor Hermbetoedt and that they seem to live in a of Berlin.

state of eternal infancy." After the life and character of

The American editors very St. Ambrose, the American edit- properly insert a paragraph exors subjoin the following para- posing the futility of such getgraph.

eral, unexplained abuse. Noth

ing more immediately excites “Of a man who acted so frequent- disgust, than to see a man, who ly and so vigorously against the would be thought a philosopher, Arians as St. Ambrose did, it would liardly be reasonable to expect that deciding upon the powers and an arian biographer should speak faculties of those, who inhabit a more justly than he has done in this whole hemisphere, not only article. A little more allowance how. without information, but most ever ought, we think, to be made for evidently without reflection. Ambrose than he has here received; especially in the summary of his char: Perhaps on no subject whatever acter given toward the close of the has a greater proportion of puearticle."

rile reasoning, and despicable

conjecture, been thrown upon Amendment in larv has received the world, than is to be found in some small additions.

the multiplied attempts to prove As the article America must the Americans inferior, in every be interesting to the readers of point of view, to the inhabitants

of the Eastern continent. Most scanty sleep, and that on the of the writers appear almost ab- bare ground, and in the open air? solutely incapable of comparing Even an English fox-hunter, and judging. One would think, much as he loves the game and however, they might at least call the forest, would relish but ill a to mind what they are taught in week's chase, if he were obliged the Geographies of their own con- to rest at night in a smoky wigtinent. But it seems they are so wam, or upon hemlock bushes occupied in commiserating our spread upon the snow, and to satunhappy inferiority in these "go- isfy his hunger with tightening ings down of the sun,” that they his belt, or at best with a few have no time forany thing else. As ounces of fresh dried fish, or a a proof of both these assertions greasy hunch of bear's meat. take this frequent instance. They He would, methinks, after a argue from the inactivity and in- short trial, be willing to give up disposition to labour, observable a- the claim of superiority, if he mong the natives of America, that could but get back to his bread, they are inferior to the natives of his beef, his beer, and his feather the old world. Now it appears bed. If, by the bye, these writo us, if their recollection had ters wish for information on the not left them, they would re- subject of American labour and inmember having read of unstable dustry, there are divers farmers Tartars, sluggish Turks, feeble and forest fellers, in Vermont, Hindoos, debased Hottentots, New Hampshire, and Maine, who and many other nations both in- can tell them stories, which will active and indisposed to labour, convince common understandamong the favoured inhabitants ings, that there are some men of their own continent. If they on this continent, who are not so were capable of comparing and extremely feeble, as the miserajudging, they would at once see, ble theories of these sophists that education and habit are the might lead them to suppose. great agents in forming men for But to compare one man with action, and in developing and another who is in circumstances bringing into operation the hu- entirely different, and who is man powers of body or mind. under the influence of a thouThey triumph in the assertion sand powerful causes to which that the Americans cannot en- the first is a stranger, seems to dure the hardy labour which is us the very depth of folly ; and submitted to cheerfully, by the of course all the conclusions of more robust European. It is no the writers alluded to, are no more than fair, that we should more deserving of respect than tell them of some things which the vagaries of a delirium. Let us we can do, and which would yet try their mode of reasoning by afford some employment for confining and applying it to pertheir more perfect faculties. sons in different circumstances What, think ye, would a North- on the Eastern continent. umberland labourer say, to a pro- Let us, for example, undertake posal from a Mohawk to follow to prove that the people of Enghim for three days, in a steady land are inferior to those of Italy. trot, without eating, and with According to the reasoning adopted with respect to America, Next comes the story that nawe may allege, that the cocknies tive Americans have no beards; of London cannot possibly be and this is refuted by the Amer. possessed of natural powers equal ican editors by stating the perto those exbibited by the ancient fectly well known manner in Romans. They may cut a toler. which'their beards are eradicated. able figure, to be sure, in their The story of Patagonian giants counting-houses, or at a city is rejected as entirely fabulous; feast, but as for labour or fatigue but from various information they are totally unwilling and subjoined by the American editunable to bear it. A single mus- ors, it seems there is the most ter in the city train-bands over- satisfactory reason to beliere that comes them ; what then would there is, near the southern exthey do if they were compelled tremity of our continent, a race to traverse a continent, amidst of uncommonly tall men. forests, morasses, and mountains, That our readers may not in forced marches, encased in think we speak too contemptu. mail, and with sixty pounds bur. ously of the manner in which den of armour and baggage? Is this article is treated, a few seit not plain, they must immediate- lections shall be made, and sucly sink under suchenormous toils? ceeded by remarks. After speak.

By such contemptible sophis. ing of various natural causes, try any thing can be proved, such as great forests, lakes, cold. however absurd and contradictory er climate, &c. &.c. the writer to common sense it may be. In

goes on to say ; this way you might convict even Bonaparte of imbecility, for we “ Now, these several causes op. imagine he would hardly be able erating conjointly, must have had

an influence on the constitution of to march, like Septimius Severus, the indigenous people, so as to proon foot at the head of his legions, duce some alteration in their fac. and to sleep at night on the bare ulties : accordingly, it is only to ground, accoutred as in the day,

a want of penetration that

can ascribe the little progress they surrounded by his cuirassers on

had made in metallurgy, &c.” their arms. Indeed, it would be rather hard to impute it to the How does it follow, that these natural inferiority of a delicate causes must have had an infus matron in a European metropo- ence to produce some alteration lis, that she is not able to rake in the faculties of these people? hay, or reap at the same time for ought that is here, or any that she nurses a child, like the where said, the faculties of the wife of a Russian, or a Scotch people on the eastern continent peasant.

But enough of this. are by nature equal. They are It would seem plain to a man who placed by nature, (for God is stu. has a particle of understanding, diously excluded from any influthat you cannot institute a com,

ence, or interest in the matter) parison between the powers of on the same level, elevated, to be men who are, as lo all the opera- sure, not a little above the detive causes in the formation of a pressed, indigenous people of character, entirely different from this western world. Now let each other.

these arrogant pretenders to


science mention or describe a ernment, as well as of their resingle climate in their favoured ligion. portion of the globe, (except per- Their civil government, which haps the sandy deserts of the tor- was appointed and framed by rid zone, which surely cannot God himself, was originally a afford much cause of boasting) free and equal republic. It con. and we will agree to point them sisted of three, or, perhaps it to some part of our continent may be said, of four branches ; possessed of all the same advan- the congregation of the people, tages, and free from as many who, on some great occasions, evils as theirs. Is it too cold for assembled personally or by repthe enlargement and progress of resentation ; the council of el. the human mind in latitude 40 ders deputed from the several here? One would think, then, tribes to act as an advisory body; that in the 52d degree in Europe, and the judge or chief magistheir perpetual damps would be trate, who was the supreme exscarcely less noxious.

Is it too ecutive in civil matters, and of. warm? We should conclude, ten acted as the commander in then, that the perpetual summer chief of the military forces, of Hindostan would wither and Besides these was the Oracle, scorch every germ of intellectu- which, in doubtful and imporal growth.

tant cases, was consulted by the To be continued.

high priest at the request, and in the presence of the magis. trate, and from which answers

were vocally given in the hearLectures on Jewish Antiquities ing of all who attended the con

delivered at Harvard Univer- sultation. The powers of these sity in Cambridge, A. D. 1802

several branches, and the nature and 1803. By David Tappan and design of the oracle, our D. D. Late Hollis Professor author has happily explained. of Divinity in that Seminary. He observes a great similarity

These Lectures give a lumi- in that government to the presnous view of the most prominent ent government of the American and interesting peculiarities of States, in which there is a house the Jewish government and re- of representatives, a chamber of ligion. They begin with exhib- senators, and a supreme execuiting the origin and progress of tive with an advisory council. civil government in general, and proceed to develope and ex- The most free and equal governplain the special government of ments of ancient and modern times, the Jews, which was designed

have wisely introduced a senate in

some form or other, to check popular and calculated to preserve among rashness, precipitation and intrigue, them the true religion in con- and by their temperate wisdom and nexion with their temporal free- influence to guide, mature and condom and prosperity.

trol the public opinion and conduct.

The inestimable value of this branch, The unity, perfection, prović both in the individual and United dence and moral government of States, was early anticipated and has God are taught and inculcated as been constantly felt by our enlightthe basis of their national gove ened citizens.'

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