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Third Central Ameri.
Jan. 23, 1863
Nov. 15, 1863
18 The war came to an end when General Carrera of Guatemala defeated General Barrios of Salvador. With Barrios' escape, no legal government existed with which to sign a treaty of peace. Carrera appointed General Duonas acting president of Salvador and retired to Guatemala with his army on Nov. 15, 1863.
18 An armistice was signed at Nikolsburg, July 26, 1866. In addition to the Treaty of Prague with Prussia, Austria made separate treaties with Wurttemberg (Aug. 13), Baden (Aug. 17), Bavaria (Aug. 28), Hesse (Sept. 3), Saxony (Oct. 21), and Italy (Oct. 3) at Vienna. Venice was ceded to Italy and Prussia annexed Hanover.
1 See table 31.
Wars fought mainly outside Europe. 3 The Taiping rebellion ended with the killing of its leader in 1864, though desultory fighting occurred after that event.
* The conquest of Turkestan ended with an imperial ukase announcing Turkestan as a
The Turkish ultimatum to Russia expired Oct. 23, 1853, but hostilities bad taken place
6 The Treaty of Tientsin, 1858, intended to conclude peace, was not observed but was
7 The Mogul Emperor was captured and banished in September 1858, the Mogul
8 The Italian Revolution ended when King Frances of Naples escaped from the country
9 According to the Supreme Court in the case of the Protector (12 Wall. 79, 1871) the
10 After the defeat of the supporters of the shogunate, restoration of the Emperor's
11 Small French, British, and Spanish forces landed at Vera Cruz in December 1861 but hostilities did not begin until Apr. 4, 1862, when 30,000 French troops were landed.
12 The Emperor Maximilian was shot on June 19, 1867, soon after withdrawal of French
14 Hostilities ended with departure of the Spanish fleet, May 9, 1866. A truce was
15 The Polish insurrection ended with the hanging of the insurrectionary leaders at
16 Lopez attacked the Argentine on Apr. 14, 1865, though hostilities had occurred on Aug. 26, 1864, between Brazil and Uruguay and on Nov. 13, 1864, between Paraguay and Brazil.
17 When Lopez was killed, the war came to an end. The conditions of peace imposed on Paraguay were those decided on by the terms of the treaty of alliance signed May 1, 1865, by Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay.
19 The insurgents defeated the royalists on Sept. 28, and the queen fled from Spain. The insurgent army entered Madrid on Oct. 3, and the provisional government of which it was the instrument was recognized by the powers on Oct. 25, 1868.
20 The Cretan revolt ended in 1869 when hope for Greek intervention disappeared. Fighting of a sporadic nature continued until the end of that year.
21 The Treaty of Frankfort was preceded by the Preliminary Peace of Versailles, signed Feb. 26, 1871.
22 The Carlist rebellion came to an end with the withdrawal of the Carlist forces from Guipuzeon, Feb. 20, 1876. Don Carlos, its leader, lest Spain on Feb. 28. On Mar. 4, 1877, a general amnesty was extended to the Carlists who had submitted by Mar. 15.
May 3, 1877 July 13, 1878 Berlin 2
9, 1885 Tientsin 7
8, 1896 (8)
Oct 26, 1896 Addis Ababa
Jan. 19, 1896
1 See table 31.
2 The Treaty of Berlin was preceded by the preliminary Peace of San Stefano, Mar. 3, 1878, and followed by the definitive treaty of Constantinople, Feb. 8, 1879.
3 Wars founght mainly outside Europe. 4 Hostilities ended with the capture of Cetywayo, the Zulu king, on Aug. 29, 1879, followed by a British proclamation on Sept. 1.
5 Amir Abdurrahman, who defeated Ayub Khan, conducted his campaign with British backing. The war came to an end with defeat of Ayub on Oct. 3, 1881.
6 The war ended with the defeat of the rebel, Arabi, on Sept. 7, 1882. Sporadic hostili. ties in the Sudan did not end until the fall of Dongola to Kitchener on Sept. 23, 1996.
7 Treaties were signed by France with Annam (June 6, 1884) and Cambodia (June 17, 1884), but hostilities actually continued for a few months more.
Queen Ranavale capitulated on Sept. 30, 1895, and on Oct. 1, 1895, accepted the protectorate treaty. Disturbances continued, and France declared the island annexed on Aug. 8, 1896.
War ended without serious hostilities when the tribal king was taken prisoner by the
10 The Cretan Revolt continued after Greece had settled with Turkey and the concert
11 A preliminary treaty of peace was signed after slight hostilities, Apr. 26, 1897, and the
12 Preliminaries of peace were signed at Paris, Aug. 12, 1898, but hostilities continued against the Philippine insurgents until 1902.
13 Great Britain proclaimed the annexation of South Africa on Sept. 1, 1900, but hos. tilities continued until the Peace of Vereeniging, signed at Pretoria, May 31, 1902.