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lafting honour to his abilities as an hiftorian, and critic in his art. The Sketch, as he modeftly calls it, which he hath given of the Life of Handel, is drawn with the fame excellence, as his Account of the Commemoration; and the anecdotes which he hath mentioned of him, will be found interesting and enter. taining.

"The Adventures of fix Princeffes of Babylon;"" Maria," "The History of the hon. Edward Mortimer;" "Interefting Memoirs, by a Lady;""Eleonora, from the Sorrows of Werter;" and "Eugenius."

We fhall conclude our article of Domestic Literature with a brief notice of Dr. Burney's "Account of the mulical Performances in Westminster Abbey, and at the Pantheon, May the 26th, 27th, 29th, and June the 30th and 5th, 1784, in Commemoration of Handel." When it was understood that our author was engaged to record the history of that grand mufical epocha, the expectations of the public were raised to the highest pitch. His enthufiaftic love of mufic, his profeilional knowledge, his elegant tafte, and general learning, pointed him out as the fittest perfon to undertake that talk. And his execution of it is fuch, as abundantly gratifies thofe expectations, and does

In looking back upon the domestic productions of the year 1785, we find our articles not near fo numerous as in fome former years; par ticularly under the heads of bibli cal and polite Literature, pure Mathematics, History, Biography, and Antiquities. We are not confcious, however, of having omitted any publication, entitled to a place in our annual Catalogue. Should we be mistaken, we fhall chearfully embrace a future occafion of paying our attention to any work of micrit which we may have overlooked.

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FOREIGN LITERATURE

Of the Year 1785.

TH

HE feven Catholic Epiftles of the Apostles have been published in Ruffia, after the MSS. found at Moscow by profeffor Matthai, with various readings, remarks, and Greek fcholia, never be fore printed, together with the Vulgate Latin verfion of a MS. carefully examined. It is printed by Hartknoch, at Riga. The fame author has publifhed the Gospel according to St. Luke, in Greek and Latin; Paul's Epifiles to the Romans, Titus, Philemon; the firft and fecond Epistle to the Corinthians; the Epiftles to the Hebrews and Coloffians, each in Greek and Latin. It is now above four years fince profeffor Matthæi began to publish his edition of the New Teftament, according to the Moscow MSS. which perhaps he holds in too much veneration. The learned in theology will find many remarkable deviations in his opinions and decifions on various parts of the Scriptures. M. Jaenifch has given a "Treatife on the Cure of the Cancer," at Petersburg. M. Apinus has printed a description of his new invented microscopes. The "Opufcula Analytica" of the great Euler, were published at Petersburg in 1783, after his death. M. Pallas has published Tom. I. pars I. of his "Flora Ruffica," under the aufpices of the emprefs, at whofe expence the work is undertaken, and who gives all the copies away.

Each tree and plant has its name written in each of the European languages, and likewife in every dialect fpoken throughout the Ruffian empire; a method extremely useful to the ftudents of botany. "Anecdotes of Peter the Great," collected by Jacques de Staehling, have been published at Leipfic, many of which are curious, and defcriptive of the fingular and impetuous character of that remarkable man. That, for instance, which informs us, that the emperor being at church at Dantzick, and finding his head cold, took off the perriwig of the burgomafter that fat befide him, and put it on his own head. As alfo that of madame Borstein, whom he himself tapped for the dropfy. M. Nicholas Fufs read before the Royal Academicians of Petersburg the "Eulogy" of his great mafter Euler, which contains an abstract of his life and works. The labours of Euler are immenfe, and well known. He went from his native country, Swifferland, to Petersburg, whence he was invited by the late king of Pruffia; and who (as we think very much to his difgrace) would fcarcely permit Euler to leave Berlin, when he had once more a defire to return to Petersburg. The famous M. Turgot, comptrollergeneral of France, at the folicitation of the marquis of Condorcet, prevailed on the French monarch to prefent fix thousand livres to Euler,

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in reward for the benefit his difcoveries had done to fociety; to which the emprefs of Ruffia, when fhe heard of it, added eight thou fand more. Euler had thirteen children, five of which only arrived at puberty; three of them were fons, each famous for his learning and abilities: and the grandchildren of Euler were thirty-fix, all living at the time of his death.

author is acquainted with the manners of the remote ages in which his fuppofed perfonages lived, as well as the power he has over the imagination and the heart.

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In Sweden a tract has been publifhed, called "Trangrums Acten,' which fignifies the refufe of herrings after the oil has been extracted. The making of this oil is a branch of commerce extremely lucrative to Sweden, and it had been pretended that the refufe of the herrings, after the oil was made, being cast into the fea, injured both the fishery and navigation. The king accordingly iffued an edict, prohibiting this refufe to be thrown into the fea. But this being destructive to the interests of the manufacturers, they obtained leave to make experiments, by, which they have proved, that, instead of being injurious, this refuse, by being caft into the fea, was remarkably beneficial to the fifhery, and no impediment to navigation,

Peter Frederic Suhm has written the Hiftory of Denmark, from 804 to 941, in which many interefting facts are to be found relative to the Ruffians, Germans, French, English, Irish, and Scotch. The author has therein given many welleftablished facts, hitherto unknown, of the invafions the Normans made on those kingdoms, and which will be of the utmost confequence to future historians. M. Suhm has likewife written a novel, or romance, called " Afsol", (printed at Copenhagen) which is in great repute, and fhews how perfectly the

1785.

M. Schmidts has publifhed his third and fourth volumes of the "German Hiftory," which is to be continued. It is already fuppofed a work fo well authenticated," that' the emperor, in his late contest with the king of Pruffia, quoted the authority of this historian.

We gave an account last year of M. de Rivarol's "Prize Memoir on the Univerfality of the French Language. "The author of it took every poffible means to make himfelf and his memoir known. M. Schwab, profeffor of Stuttgard, and a more modeft man, between whom and M. de Rivarols the prize was divided, has likewife published his Memoir, and from the extracts we have feen, he appears to be a much better philofopher

M. Goeze has given "A Histo rical Effay on Worms, found in the Inteftines of Animals," in which are numerous, excellent, and new obfervations. The author's patience has been unconquerable; he has examined a vast number of animals and animalcula, with the help of the microfcope, and his account of the folium, or tape worm, is written with great care.

M. Dobrizhoffer has printed three vols. of his "Hiftory of the Abbiponions," a warlike nation of Paraguay, in which, though the author has not that extended and philofophic mind fo much to be defired in all writers, yet many very curious particulars may be found, as well relative to the natives as the Jefuits, to whom the author is a friend. Their fettle ments in that country, the good they have done, and the falsehood X of

of fuppofing they ever afpired at empire there, are infifted on. The work is altogether very curious.

The fecond volume of the "Arabic, Perfian, and Turkish Dictionary," by Meninki, has been pub. lifhed at Vienna by careful editors.

A very learned work, in the form of a lexicon on ancient medals, has been compofed by M. Rafche, to which M. Heyne has written an excellent preface; the first volume, from A to C, is printed at Leiptic.

"A Continuation of a Voyage to Ceylon," by M. Wolf, is pub lithed at Berlin, which chiefly relates to the life of the author, further accounts of Jaffanapatnam, new obfervations on elephants, white ants, a fpecies of termites, which fome of the inhabitants eat, the god Pew of the Mainbars, the Cachou, the Malabar flaves, in the fervice of the Dutch, &c.

culture, commerce, induftry, the police, education, navigation, finances, and administration of justice in this country, which deserves to be better known and better culti vated.

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and gives numerous inftructions for the multiplication and improvement of iron utenfils.

Baron Hoffman has prefented the world with A Memoir on Iron Founderies," which the Goettingen reviewers praife as one of the best any where to be found. The au thor fhews an incredible fund of knowledge of the utmost utility,

M. Merk has printed at Darm fladt "A Second Letter on the foffil Bones of the Elephant and Rhinoceros, found in Germany, and particularly in Heffe-Darmitadt." It contains an account of new dif coveries fince the publication of his "First Lester." The head of a rhinoceros has been dug up at Lam-. perifhein, near Worms; part of the head and jaw-bone of a rhinoceros, in the country of Rudolftadt; the teeth of a rhinoceros, near Mayence, with fix rhinoceros's bones, dug up in Germany; all which the author fuppofes fo many certain indications of the revolu tions of the globe.

"The Geography, Topogra phy, and Hiftory of the Cape of Good Hope, by M. Menzel," printed at Glogau, is a work of great merit for the exactitude and truth of the relations it contains. It is fo very circumftantial as to be li able to offend many readers; but there are others to whom, for this very reafon, it will give great plea fure, becaufe, by this means, it tranfports them into the country, place, and fituation of the author, at the moment he is writing. The first part has only appeared at prefent; when completed, it will, with Sparman's Voyage," form an excellent history of the Cape.

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John Bernoulli has published at Berlin the "Aftronomical Obferva tions of M. Wolf, made at Dantzic, from 1774 to 1784." At Marbourg, M. Curtius has printed "A Collection of historical Tracts, from 1783 to 1785," in which the fecret views of the courts of Berlin, Has nover, and Vienna, are often expofed under a new point of view. The Cologne Gazette has announc

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