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Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Con
dition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in
the Field, 12 August 1949. Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condi
tion of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members
of Armed Forces at Sea, 12 August 1949. Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Pris
oners of War, 12 Aug 1949. Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civil
ian Persons in Time of War, 12 August 1949. Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Pris
oners of War, 27 July 1929. Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condi
tion of the Wounded and Sick of Armies in the Field,
27 July 1929.
Hostilities, 18 October 1907.
Customs of War on Land, 18 October 1907.
embodying the Regulations Respecting the Laws and
Customs of War on Land.
Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in Case of
War on Land, 18 October 1907.
by Naval Forces in Time of War, 18 October 1907. Hague Convention No. X for the Adaptation to Mari
time Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Con
vention, 18 October 1907. Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific
Institutions and Historic Monuments, 15 April 1935. Uniform Code of Military Justice (64 Stat. 108; 50 U.S. C. 551-736).
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
THE LAW OF LAND WARFARE
*This manual supersedes FM 27-10, 1 October 1940, including C 1, 15 November 1944.
parties to the conflict and to occupied terri-
V. Regulations for the treatment of internees --- 286–342
NATIONAL LAW; WAR CRIMES
wounded and sick in neutral territory------ 532–546
VENTIONS AND THE 1907 HAGUE CONVEN-
1. Purpose and Scope
The purpose of this Manual is to provide authoritative guidance to military personnel on the customary and treaty law applicable to the conduct of warfare on land and to relationships between belligerents and neutral States. Although certain of the legal principles set forth herein have application to warfare at sea and in the air as well as to hostilities on land, this Manual otherwise concerns itself with the rules peculiar to naval and aerial warfare only to the extent that such rules have some direct bearing on the activities of land forces.
This Manual is an official publication of the United States Army. However, those provisions of the Manual which are neither statutes nor the text of treaties to which the United States is a party should not be considered binding upon courts and tribunals applying the law of war. However, such provisions are of evidentiary value insofar as they bear upon questions of custom and practice. 2. Purposes of the Law of War
The conduct of armed hostilities on land is regulated by the law of land warfare which is both written and unwritten. It is inspired by the desire to diminish the evils of war
a. Protecting both combatants and noncombatants from unnecessary suffering;
6. Safeguarding certain fundamental human rights of persons who fall into the hands of the enemy, particularly prisoners of war, the wounded and sick, and civilians; and
c. Facilitating the restoration of peace. 3. Basic Principles
a. Prohibitory Effect. The law of war places limits on the exercise of a belligerent's power in the interests mentioned in paragraph 2 and requires that belligerents refrain from employing any kind or degree of violence which is not actually necessary for military purposes and that they conduct hostilities with regard for the principles of humanity and chivalry.